• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why the Provisional Government (PG) in Russia lasted only 8 months from February/March 1917 to October/November 1917

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain why the Provisional Government (PG) in Russia lasted only 8 months from February/March 1917 to October/November 1917. The PG was set up by the Duma and it would run Russia until the open elections had decided on a new Government. Russia was now a republic. From July onwards, Kerensky was the Priminister of Russia and was moderate/not extremist and didn't want lots of reforms quickly. Revolutions started to spread in the provinces, soviets and workers union were set up, especially in Petrograd. There were 40 Bolsheviks (communists) in the Petrograd soviet. Peasants started to cease land in the countryside, in some peasant communities, peasant unions and committees were set up. Lots of soldiers (thousands) were deserted at the front line as there was no discipline anymore and soldiers were getting desperate. The PG only lasted 8 months because the PG had a lot of weaknesses. Initially the PG didn't face opposition and it was popular as it gave people rights; freedom of speech, form unions and the right to strike. ...read more.

Middle

The issue of land made the PG extremely unpopular; as they rejected the idea of peasants owning the land they worked on until a permanent elected government is elected. Except the PG were delaying a government and this infuriated the peasants. Peasants refused to wait and took the land anyway. The PG didn't introduce enough reforms and so were seen as too moderate and too few. To most historians, the fact that the PG didn't pull Russia out of the War was the reason why they were so unpopular. Kerensky believed that the Germans would demand very strict rules/terms in the Peace Treaty if they pulled out of the War. This decision was hugely unpopular with both the Army and the people. Russian army were de-moralised and the Russian people were still living in poverty. The return of the Bolshevik leaders was a great disadvantage to the PG. On 16th April 1917, Lenin arrived back in Petrograd after being in exile. He soon published the 'April Theses' telling people what he and the Bolsheviks wanted to do in Russia. ...read more.

Conclusion

Lenin judged to perfection the moment of maximum hostility towards Kerensky and the Provisional Government. The Bolsheviks knew exactly what they wanted, they were well disciplined and much better organised than all the other political groups. The revolution was quite a small scale affair. On 5th November, Trotsky announced the start of hostilities. Kerensky tried to take preventative measures e.g. closing down newspaper offices. On the night of 6 - 7th November, Red Guards took up key positions in Petrograd (post office, station, bridges, printers, waterworks etc. The Cruiser 'Aurora' was under Bolshevik control and it sailed up the River Neva and positioned itself facing the Winter Palace. Telephone links to the Winter Palace were cut off. The PG had no contact with the outside world. On 7th November, Kerensky left Petrograd, unopposed, hoping to gain the support of the front line. The Bolsheviks continued to take control of the city. By mid-afternoon only the Winter Palace wasn't in their hands. The Aurora fired a shell in the direction of the Winter Palace; this was a signal for the Red Guards to attack it. They attacked and came across little opposition. The PG surrendered without a struggle. ?? ?? ?? ?? Katy Penston ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    * Industry suffered because managers were unwilling to try anything new. * Literature art and music were all stifled. Only Stalin's favourite form of art, Socialist Realism was accepted. This showed workers striving to create the Soviet Union. * By eliminating older figures, Stalin was able to promote younger men who owed their success to him.

  2. Russia 1905-1941 'Explain how the unpopularity of the Provisional Government contributed to the Bolshevik ...

    Russia by 1917 had become dependent upon her western allied assistance to survive. Russia was bankrupt and was being kept afloat by injections of capital from abroad. A faction of foreign bankers declared their intention to allow finance to continue to flow to the Provisional Government on the understanding it would continue with the war effort.

  1. After the second Revolution of October/November 1917, the Civil War took place (1918)-1921). Explain ...

    The Red Army of 300,000 soldiers, hastily put together by Trotsky outnumbered the White's forces by 10-1. As the war developed the Bolsheviks were able to move troops as well as supplies securely across the vast country through the effective use of trains.

  2. Was it the continuation of the First World War the main reason for the ...

    This made revolution/overthrow of the government very likely. Secondly another problem was the land. There was significant unrest in the country side by May 1917. The peasants were hungry for land and the collapse of central authority meant there was no one to stop them taking it.

  1. How effective were the Bolsheviks between 1903 and February 1917?

    were more limited in their aims and therefore willing to work with any group that would bring down Tsarism. The official Soviet view of the period after the October revolution was that it was a period of patient consolidation or purposeful regrouping.

  2. Compare and Contrast the February and October Revolutions in Russia.

    So, the February Revolution was the spark that set off the whole big deal of the Russian Revolution. One similarity between the revolutions is that both revolutions were supported by the people for the same reasons. The people were fed up with constant food shortages.

  1. How far was the Provisional Government of Russia doomed from the start?

    continue the war alongside Britain and France, they wished to maintain and increase Russias role as a superpower and they hoped that their relationship with the west would help their failing economy when the war ended. This decision was very much opposed by the Socialist who believed that they should

  2. Assess the importance of the individual in influencing key developments in Russia between 1825 ...

    It must also be noted that the period was influenced by opposition ? namely opposition which achieved little to nothing. Peasant revolts were not cohesive therefore were stamped out quickly, intellectuals that had travelled abroad attempted to spread some western, liberal ideas but were largely ineffective due to the strict

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work