• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why the Provisional Government (PG) in Russia lasted only 8 months from February/March 1917 to October/November 1917

Extracts from this document...


Explain why the Provisional Government (PG) in Russia lasted only 8 months from February/March 1917 to October/November 1917. The PG was set up by the Duma and it would run Russia until the open elections had decided on a new Government. Russia was now a republic. From July onwards, Kerensky was the Priminister of Russia and was moderate/not extremist and didn't want lots of reforms quickly. Revolutions started to spread in the provinces, soviets and workers union were set up, especially in Petrograd. There were 40 Bolsheviks (communists) in the Petrograd soviet. Peasants started to cease land in the countryside, in some peasant communities, peasant unions and committees were set up. Lots of soldiers (thousands) were deserted at the front line as there was no discipline anymore and soldiers were getting desperate. The PG only lasted 8 months because the PG had a lot of weaknesses. Initially the PG didn't face opposition and it was popular as it gave people rights; freedom of speech, form unions and the right to strike. ...read more.


The issue of land made the PG extremely unpopular; as they rejected the idea of peasants owning the land they worked on until a permanent elected government is elected. Except the PG were delaying a government and this infuriated the peasants. Peasants refused to wait and took the land anyway. The PG didn't introduce enough reforms and so were seen as too moderate and too few. To most historians, the fact that the PG didn't pull Russia out of the War was the reason why they were so unpopular. Kerensky believed that the Germans would demand very strict rules/terms in the Peace Treaty if they pulled out of the War. This decision was hugely unpopular with both the Army and the people. Russian army were de-moralised and the Russian people were still living in poverty. The return of the Bolshevik leaders was a great disadvantage to the PG. On 16th April 1917, Lenin arrived back in Petrograd after being in exile. He soon published the 'April Theses' telling people what he and the Bolsheviks wanted to do in Russia. ...read more.


Lenin judged to perfection the moment of maximum hostility towards Kerensky and the Provisional Government. The Bolsheviks knew exactly what they wanted, they were well disciplined and much better organised than all the other political groups. The revolution was quite a small scale affair. On 5th November, Trotsky announced the start of hostilities. Kerensky tried to take preventative measures e.g. closing down newspaper offices. On the night of 6 - 7th November, Red Guards took up key positions in Petrograd (post office, station, bridges, printers, waterworks etc. The Cruiser 'Aurora' was under Bolshevik control and it sailed up the River Neva and positioned itself facing the Winter Palace. Telephone links to the Winter Palace were cut off. The PG had no contact with the outside world. On 7th November, Kerensky left Petrograd, unopposed, hoping to gain the support of the front line. The Bolsheviks continued to take control of the city. By mid-afternoon only the Winter Palace wasn't in their hands. The Aurora fired a shell in the direction of the Winter Palace; this was a signal for the Red Guards to attack it. They attacked and came across little opposition. The PG surrendered without a struggle. ?? ?? ?? ?? Katy Penston ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    * Many children had to live on their wits. At first juvenile crime was treated leniently, being blamed on society and social disruption. * Education and care were regarded as appropriate 'punishments'. This changed in 1935 when a new law classed offenders aged 12 or above as adults, liable even to the death penalty.

  2. Why Were There Two Revolutions in Russia in 1917?

    Reluctantly, he abdicated on 2nd March, and the Provisional Government was formed by the remnants of the Duma, backed by the Petrograd Soviet. Within just over a week, the first revolution in Russia in 1917 had succeeded.

  1. Russia, 1905 - 1917, The Causes of Revolutionary Change. Using your knowledge of the ...

    The Bolsheviks' unique ideology was therefore a very significant factor, as if they had not led from the front, a revolution would have never happened, and the All Russian Congress of Soviets would've been the legal ruling body of Russia.

  2. How did the Bolsheviks retain power in the crisis years from October 1917 to ...

    Again, in the short term it had been a popular policy that helped Lenin retain power and in the long term proved to be very damaging. Between February 1917 and October 1917, both the Provisional Government and the Petrograd Soviet were in power.

  1. The Bolshevik Revolution In October-November 1917

    It sparked an enormous demonstration in Petrograd, which became known as the 'July days'. Soldiers and sailors poured in to the city as they decided to vote with their feet and workers poured in to the streets of Petrograd to complain about shortages of food etc.

  2. How important was Lenin in bringing about the Bolshevik revolution of November 1917?

    Order 1, in which no orders from the Provincial Government could be carried out if they contradicted those of the Soviet's. The Provincial Government made two main mistakes that lost any support it might have had with the middle classes and peasants and significantly these affected future events; the Bolshevik

  1. Compare and Contrast the February and October Revolutions in Russia.

    So, the February Revolution was the spark that set off the whole big deal of the Russian Revolution. One similarity between the revolutions is that both revolutions were supported by the people for the same reasons. The people were fed up with constant food shortages.

  2. How far was the Provisional Government of Russia doomed from the start?

    Liberals dominated the Provisional government but in the government there were two groups the Octobrists who were slightly right wing and the Kadets who were lead by Milyukov who were leaning right, then there was a break off from the kadets, the left-leaning Kadets.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work