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Explain why the stalemate was overcome.

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Introduction

[History Course-Work] 01.10.03 explain why the stalemate was overcome. *WHAT IS NOW SITUATION SINCE FAILING THE SCHLIEFFEN PLAN AND HOW IT PROCESSED AFTER THEN? After the Schlieffen plan, failed Germany against allied soldiers had to stick confronting each other behind their own trenches. It was very long and hard to attack each other which caused stalemate. But Germans had no time because they had to win a peace agreement before USA soldiers come to back up allied. So what German did was they transferred their forces in east to west front. After the collapse of Russia in 1917 which made Russia automatically out of the war. But German population was being reduced to desperation and the German submarine campaign had failed and their allies were weakening. It was the Germans' last chance. In 1918 German started attacking under Ludendorff's plan which was to break through on the Somme, swing northwards through Albert and roll up the British line. ...read more.

Middle

This caused 6km gap opened and salient was flattened by voluntary British withdrawals. Then Ludendorff moved his eyes to south, and third attack was made on May 1918 in River Aisne. German also used heavy artillery and made up to River Marne, only 80km from Paris. On the other hand, allied soldiers' morale became great boosted by American troops come to back them up. After both sides were affected by a world-wide influenza epidemic, the Germans attacked yet again to draw Allied forces from Flanders. This was to be the last German offensive of the war. But this attack affected more disadvantages to German own self. Also US troops were arriving all the time which made Germans morale more down. French and American counter attacks with 18 divisions followed immediately against the western side of the Aisne-Marne salient achieving surprise in the Cambrai style with 346 small Renault tanks and no previous bombardment. ...read more.

Conclusion

And as the US troops involved they actually made the major part in finishing the war by giving great morale to Allied and also by providing great new weapons. Finally, morale of soldiers caused big impact on the war too. During the war sometimes even Germans had better situation they lost and slowed down due to their morale decrease. Also by USA involving into the war it made Allied soldiers' morale much greater. From the reasons which break the stalemate I think Russia out and USA involve was the major biggest reason. As you see since Russia collapsed and got out of the war, Ludendorff decided to move the eastern forces to western front. Ludendorff might not attack without just only forces in western. And as moving the forces it gave great profit for the Germans to win the war at first time. And also USA involvement at last point, it made not only the war to finish much earlier but also it gave much pressure on Germans' morale. So I think the major reason breaking the stalemate was Russia out and USA in. ...read more.

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