• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why the United Stated became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

EXPLAIN WHY THE UNITED STATED BECAME INCREASINGLY INVOLVED IN THE WAR IN VIETNAM In 1945 the Second World War ended. Japan was forced to surrender and withdraw from all countries in Southeast Asia which they had invaded during the war. This included Indo-China, an area previously controlled by the French, consisting of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. The Japanese had taken control of this area in 1941, and so in 1945 the French wanted to reclaim this land. The Vietminh was on organised group with military status, set up in 1941 by Ho Chi Minh and his brother Nguyen Vo Giap, and although they were communists, the main aim of the Vietminh was essentially a nationalist one. This aim was to establish a free, independent Vietnam without foreign rule or domination. When the Japanese left in 1945, an opportunity came about for the Vietminh to accomplish their objective. The US didn't have any major problems with the Vietminh, as they had not yet showed any communist tendencies. They did not like seeing colonial powers like France regain their empires as domination was against their policies. The US believed that local powers had a right to rule themselves. Also, The Cold War was not yet that much of an issue in 1945 so the US were not yet that opposed to communism. ...read more.

Middle

Asia, due to heavy influences from neighbouring nations. In an attempt to solve this Eisenhower created the '17th parallel' this split Vietnam into a communist north run by the Vietminh, and the republic south, run by Diem, assisted by the US. President Eisenhower stated that communism would stop at the 17th parallel. Diem, a Christian, was "elected" president of the republic of Vietnam in 1955. The US had to support him and aid the south with supplies and money to keep his army, the ARVN (Army for the Republic of Vietnam), going. This is evidence for the USA steadily getting involved in Vietnam. Also, by the mid fifties the Cold War was intensifying and the US had suffered to Chinese forces in Korea and so Eisenhowers attitude towards communism and the Vietminh became more serious and stricter The Vietminh, now named Vietcong were very successful in their means of warfare. They had destroyed the French and were now targeting US officials who were training the ARVN in the south. This meant that the US needed to give more help, and so he increased the amount of officials he sent over, he equipped 20,000 more ARVN troops and spent almost $270million in military support for Diem, in 1961. The NLF was a very successful group in the north of Vietnam, who had a lot of communist aims. ...read more.

Conclusion

The US could no longer sit back and let them defeat the French, and gain control of their nation. This lead to Eisenhower's domino theory on the spread of communist rule through Asia. The US was pressured into getting involved in Vietnam in order to reduce the spread of communism. I would say that the other major reason for the USA's involvement was the inability of Diem, and the ARVN to defeat The Vietcong and the NLF. Diem made himself very unpopular with the people of South Vietnam, especially the Buddhists, and the peasants because of the failure of some of his policies, i.e. the strategic hamlet policy. He was no match for the communist parties who were very popular. The ARVN had no morale. The Vietcong were much stronger than the ARVN as they were fighting for their beliefs and freedom. The USA was again drawn into Vietnam to help undermine the popularity of communism and help Diem's popularity. Also, they had to assist the ARVN for them to even have a chance of defeating the Vietcong. If America did not help out, the spread of communism throughout the eastern world would have been inevitable. And also, if the ARVN and Diem had a chance of success, there would have been less need for the involvement of the US. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain why America became increasingly involved in the affairs of Vietnam

    3 star(s)

    But the real cause of their anger was Diem's anti-Buddhist polices. Buddhists, unlike Catholics, had to have government permission to carry out their acts of worship. Diem also had a law, which banned all flags except the flag of Vietnam.

  2. I will be looking at how the U.S became increasingly involved Vietnam, the problems ...

    The USA believed that this would surely not fail, especially after their defeat over major powers such as Japan and Germany. This was a huge turning point as this meant that military action was now being undertaken officially.

  1. How Useful are Sources A to C to Explain Why the United States Became ...

    the guerrillas forces were so prepared that the United States simply did not have an answer. Religion was also an important reason why the United States lost the war, as the public believed that it was religiously correct to go to war in Vietnam.

  2. Why the US became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam

    to stop it falling and communism spreading. The Soviet's had already expanded through Europe, the whole of Eastern Europe falling to communism, Churchill said, " An Iron Curtain has drawn over Europe". This gave a reason for America to increase involvement in Vietnam, to stop another domino falling.

  1. How useful are sources A to C to explain why the United States became ...

    "What is it worth to this country?" that shows that the source is shown only from one country's point of view, therefore it is a biased source. It shows great emotion from the US president as he is confused and does not know what to do.

  2. Why did the Communists win in 1949?

    It has announced to some 200 million people in eleven provinces that the road of the Red Army is their only road to liberation." The GMD army was notorius for being ruthless and improper. The Long March would have led the CCP into many villages towns and lands.

  1. Explain why the United States became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam.

    Instead, the next American President, Eisenhower, proposed aid to South Vietnam, as well as training up the South Vietnamese army, by sending over military advisers. Both arms and money were sent to South Vietnam in hope of containing the communist North but unfortunately, the majority of it ended up in

  2. How Useful are Sources A-C to explain why the United States became involved in ...

    It is not meant to inform and give facts it is meant to boost morale. This does not make the source useful in the aspects of telling us directly but it may suggest other things to us. The source is reliable as it is a public speech and is unlikely to be tampered with.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work