• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why the United States became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain why the United States became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam Vietnam lies in South East Asia; it is bordered by Laos and Cambodia to the West and China to the North. Its two major cities are Hanoi in the North and Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City) in the South. Vietnam is a mainly agricultural country and most of the population is Buddhist. The history of modern Vietnam starts in the 1870s and 1880s when France annexed Vietnam (known then as French-Indo-China) into their colonial empire. From then until the start of World War two in 1939, France imported their culture, architecture and language. Some Vietnamese adopted the French way of life, but others resisted French rule and were ruthlessly put down by the authorities. At the start of the Second World War, Vietnam was ruled only in name Emperor Boa Dia, it was still a French colony however. The defeat of France by Germany in Europe made it impossible for her to protect much of her overseas empire. When the Japanese made a "request" to move troops into French-Indo-China in July 1941, the French were too weak to refuse. Five months later, when Asia and the Pacific were at war, a rebel leader, Ho Chi Minh, came back to Vietnam. ...read more.

Middle

Diem received the United States full support, because he was Catholic and anti-communist. Diem refused to hold the election, as he believed North Vietnam would not allow free elections to take place. Now it looked that Vietnam was to remain split into two, opened up a lot of worrying problems to America. The North was getting stronger, but the South despite American support was getting weaker. The USA soon believed that the North would take over all of the country, and that all of Vietnam would become communist. The Americans thought that what was happening in Vietnam could happen at a much larger scale all over the world. The Domino Theory, as it was known, scared America as they thought that if lots of countries became communist, it would eventually get to America. Americans liked life how it was, and didn't want to follow the ideals of equality and communism. This helped the government in American start the war, as it had the full backing of the American people. America had to step in Vietnam as Diem was becoming disliked for being extremely harsh (he imprisoned 12000 of his own people) and his tactics for fighting the Vietminh were ineffective, for example 4000 South Vietnamese politicians were being assassinated each year and Diem could do nothing. ...read more.

Conclusion

In December 1964 there were 16,000 US troops in South Vietnam, 2 years on and this total had rocketed to 268,000 and in January 1968, it reached a peak at well over 500,000 troops. In Conclusion there were a number of factors that brought the United States into the war in Vietnam. There was the impact of the Cold War, where America attempted to keep foreign nations from becoming Communist. The ultimate fear America had of communism spreading throughout the world and trying to stop the Domino effect. The Failure of the Geneva Convention to halt Communism in Vietnam. The failure of President Diem and his weaknesses as a leader, which included the Strategic Hamlet Program which was a costly, complete failure and encouraged communism in South Vietnam and ultimately led to the founding of the Vietcong. And finally the Gulf of Tonkin incident, which escalated tension between America and North Vietnam. In my opinion the most important factor to why the US got involved in Vietnam was their fear of communism spreading throughout the world. If this hadn't been the case then America probably wouldn't have supported the French in their attempt to retake Vietnam and then wouldn't have gradually got involved with money and troops. ?? ?? ?? ?? Page 1 of 4 Vietnam History Coursework By Adam Whybro 11R ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Explain Why The US Became Increasingly Involved In The Vietnam War

    Therefore, they provided Ngo Dinh Diem, who was helped to set up the anti-communist Republic of South Vietnam, with $1.6 billion in the 1950's. The other policy that the USA had was containment, which was to prevent communism spreading any further than it already had done in Eastern Europe.

  2. Explain why the United states became increasing involved in Vietnam

    Despite the apparent cracks that were emerging in the cardboard government in South Vietnam, Kennedy promised America that he would not blunder into a war, unclear about the aims and not knowing how to get out. He was assassinated later that month.

  1. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu

    forces was that we had more of a cause to be fighting for. We were more unified in our fight and were fighting for Vietnam's independence and reunification. The French were ignorant of our possession of heavy artillery and our ability to move such weapons to the mountain crests overlooking the French encampment.

  2. How Useful are Sources A-C to explain why the United States became involved in ...

    In the run-up to the November election, the NLF carried out a series of attacks and only two days before the election, the US air base near Saigon was mortared and four Americans were killed. Barry Goldwater, the right-wing Republican candidate for the presidency, called for an escalation of the war against the North Vietnamese.

  1. Why Did the United States of America Become Involved In Vietnam?

    This speech has biased views "we are also there to strengthened world order, around the world-from Berlin to Thailand-there are people whose well being rests on the belief that they can count on us if they are attacked". This also tells us if Vietnam is left alone to its fate,

  2. Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973

    Leading scientists criticised the use of chemical weapons and the effects they were having on the environment. The protests were strongest among young people. Many teenagers "dropped out" of society in protest. The hippies told people to "make love not war" One peaceful demonstration in May 1970, at Kent State University resulted in four students being shot by National Guardsmen.

  1. How Useful are Sources A to C to Explain Why the United States Became ...

    It is also effective as it gives numerous reasons as to why America went to war in Vietnam. The source talks about how 'the United States was defending South Vietnam from, North Vietnamese aggression.' This suggests that the US wanted to protect South Vietnam, an idea that is backed up by Source A.

  2. The Vietnam War was a war of communism against Capitalism. The North of Vietnam ...

    Because the VC used this type of warfare it made it hard for the Americans to use conventional warfare. This meant that the Americans had to use other methods, which led to them relieving very bad criticism for what they were doing. They had to us bombing and Chemical warfare.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work