• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why the United States became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain why the United States became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam The Vietnam conflict originated from a struggle against the colonial rule from France. Vietnam, previously known as Indochina, had been part of the French empire up until 1940, when France was defeated in the Second World War by Germany. During the German occupation of France, Japan seized control of Vietnam and it's main resources like coal, rice and rubber. While the war was still being fought however, a strong anti-Japanese movement known as the Viet Minh emerged under the leadership of Communist Ho Chi Minh. This group fought against Japanese rule, and by the end of the Second World War, had successfully taken control of North Vietnam while still determined to declare Vietnamese independence across the whole country. In 1945, the French arrived to resume their control over Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh had successfully defeated the Japanese for his country's independence and hoped the Viet Minh could be victorious once again over France. ...read more.

Middle

It was at this point that the United States became physically involved in Vietnam. The terms of the ceasefire stated that elections were to be held in order to decide the country's future; however in 1954 the Americans stepped in and prevented these elections from taking place, fearing a Communist victory. The Americans did this because President Eisenhower and his government were convinced that China and the USSR were trying to spread Communism throughout Asia. Vietnam was seen as the first domino in a row, which would inevitably bring about the communist take over of Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Burma and possibly even India. The first attempt to prevent this came when America helped Ngo Dinh Diem set up the Republic of South Vietnam. The USA supported Diem because he was anti-communist and was willing to imprison or exile any acting communists in South Vietnam. Diem was a Christian, and treated Vietnam's many Buddhists with little respect. ...read more.

Conclusion

"Strategic Hamlets" where set up by American advisors who moved peasants away from their ancestral homes and into more secure areas, to the contempt of many locals. Kennedy's support continued to grow, however he was determined to not "blunder into war." Kennedy was assassinated in 1963, with his successor - Lyndon Johnson - more prepared to commit the USA to more extreme actions. He was willing to start a full-scale conflict in Vietnam if it were to prevent the spread of Communism. In August 1964, the US ship Maddox was fired on by North Vietnamese patrol boats in the Gulf of Tonkin. Because of this, American Congress passed the "Tonkin Gulf Resolution" which allowed Johnson the power to take "all necessary measures to prevent further aggression and achieve peace and security." In other words, the President could take the USA into a full scale war should he feel it was necessary. By March 8th 1965, this was the case. 3500 US marines arrived at Da Nang, just as "Operation Rolling Thunder" came into play. America's involvement escalated to war in Vietnam. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. To What Extent Have The Attempts For A Palestinian State Been Blocked By The ...

    the Palestinian Authority, and it also called for an Interim period from when the agreement would be negotiated and lead to a settlement based on 242 and 338. However the first cracks of the fa´┐Żade started to show as Arab Media watch explained 'decisive questions on settlements, refugee's and Israeli borders were put off until te interim period was over'.

  2. How Useful are Sources A-C to explain why the United States became involved in ...

    The response of the NLF to 'Rolling Thunder' was to concentrate its attacks on the US air bases in South Vietnam. General Westmoreland, the person in charge of the military advisers in Vietnam, argued that his 23,000 men were unable to defend adequately the US air bases and claimed that

  1. Explain Why The US Became Increasingly Involved In The Vietnam War

    really know anything about you could say this was either incredibly stupid, or brave. In 1967 a national peace movement was set up in the US against the Vietnam war. The war continued internally the Vietcong launched the Tet Offensive (1968)

  2. Why Did the United States of America Become Involved In Vietnam?

    From the source Johnson gives out his official opinions. The source is objective, as the president tells us the truth about what he truly believes on the situation within Vietnam. There are emotional feelings in the situation in Vietnam, he is also kind of frightened about communism, where Johnson tells us from the source, "The communist may even chase

  1. How Useful are Sources A to C to Explain Why the United States Became ...

    To add to that, he was also a Christian which meant he did not follow in the Vietnamese culture. Ngo Dinh Diem was a very corrupt man as he did whatever the United States asked him to do for money.

  2. I will be looking at how the U.S became increasingly involved Vietnam, the problems ...

    The U.S continued to support South Vietnam because they believed they were helping to prevent the spread of Communism. They thought that by telling the world they were against communism would make other countries adopt their beliefs. The USA were gradually becoming more and more involved in Vietnam, pumping more

  1. Why the US became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam

    Once the soldiers were in Vietnam, the USA was fighting against the Vietcong. When Kennedy was assassinated, two weeks after Ho Chi Minh, President Lyndon Johnson was the successor. Johnson poured more money and troops into Vietnam, and finally increased the involvement after 1964, the Gulf of Tonkin incident.

  2. Assess the importance of the Viet Cong in the Communist victory in the Second ...

    This contrast in roles was a valuable tool for it ensured that the home front remained productive, whilst also enabling the Viet Cong to dissolve back into society after combat, so as to fight another day. What furthered the importance of the Viet Cong?s ?total war? strategy was that allied

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work