• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why the United States became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain why the United States became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam The Vietnam conflict originated from a struggle against the colonial rule from France. Vietnam, previously known as Indochina, had been part of the French empire up until 1940, when France was defeated in the Second World War by Germany. During the German occupation of France, Japan seized control of Vietnam and it's main resources like coal, rice and rubber. While the war was still being fought however, a strong anti-Japanese movement known as the Viet Minh emerged under the leadership of Communist Ho Chi Minh. This group fought against Japanese rule, and by the end of the Second World War, had successfully taken control of North Vietnam while still determined to declare Vietnamese independence across the whole country. In 1945, the French arrived to resume their control over Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh had successfully defeated the Japanese for his country's independence and hoped the Viet Minh could be victorious once again over France. ...read more.

Middle

It was at this point that the United States became physically involved in Vietnam. The terms of the ceasefire stated that elections were to be held in order to decide the country's future; however in 1954 the Americans stepped in and prevented these elections from taking place, fearing a Communist victory. The Americans did this because President Eisenhower and his government were convinced that China and the USSR were trying to spread Communism throughout Asia. Vietnam was seen as the first domino in a row, which would inevitably bring about the communist take over of Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Burma and possibly even India. The first attempt to prevent this came when America helped Ngo Dinh Diem set up the Republic of South Vietnam. The USA supported Diem because he was anti-communist and was willing to imprison or exile any acting communists in South Vietnam. Diem was a Christian, and treated Vietnam's many Buddhists with little respect. ...read more.

Conclusion

"Strategic Hamlets" where set up by American advisors who moved peasants away from their ancestral homes and into more secure areas, to the contempt of many locals. Kennedy's support continued to grow, however he was determined to not "blunder into war." Kennedy was assassinated in 1963, with his successor - Lyndon Johnson - more prepared to commit the USA to more extreme actions. He was willing to start a full-scale conflict in Vietnam if it were to prevent the spread of Communism. In August 1964, the US ship Maddox was fired on by North Vietnamese patrol boats in the Gulf of Tonkin. Because of this, American Congress passed the "Tonkin Gulf Resolution" which allowed Johnson the power to take "all necessary measures to prevent further aggression and achieve peace and security." In other words, the President could take the USA into a full scale war should he feel it was necessary. By March 8th 1965, this was the case. 3500 US marines arrived at Da Nang, just as "Operation Rolling Thunder" came into play. America's involvement escalated to war in Vietnam. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain why America became increasingly involved in the affairs of Vietnam

    3 star(s)

    The protests and the suicide got a great deal of publicity in the United States. For the first time the American media were covering stories about Diem's government and its unpopularity rather than about the war. The South Vietnamese government claimed the monks were working for the communists and disregarded official American protests.

  2. Explain why the United States became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam.

    and those efforts would have been in vain if they were to sit back and watch South Vietnam follow suit. Ngo Dihn Diem was the leader of South Vietnam and was in opposition of communism. Because of this the USA supported him by sending money, supplies and military equipment to defend South Vietnam against the Vietmihn.

  1. Explain why the United States became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam.

    were almost an indirect way for the superpowers to fight and show off their power. The Viet Cong were indeed supplied by China and the USSR both militarily and financially. The US was almost using the war in Vietnam to fight the USSR, indirectly and also through media.

  2. How the United States become involved in the war in Vietnam.

    war in Vietnam as Professor Noam Chomsky points out the reasons he believes America got involved in Vietnam. He backs up his main point about America wanting its influence in Asia with some really interesting and controversial comments. At the start of the source Chomsky goes against everyone's belief that America was defending South Vietnam from North Vietnamese aggression.

  1. How Useful are Sources A-C to explain why the United States became involved in ...

    In comparison to Goldwater, Lyndon B. Johnson was seen as the 'peace' candidate. People feared that Goldwater would send troops to fight in Vietnam. Johnson, on the other hand, argued that he was not willing: "to send American boys nine or ten thousand miles away from home to do what Asian boys ought to be doing for themselves."

  2. Explain Why The United States Became Increasingly Involved In The War In Vietnam

    The Korean War affected the situation too. North Korea was communist and South Korea was capitalist. North Korea invaded South Korea and the Americans were scared that Vietnam would be the next target of communism. So they helped South Korea in the war, by giving money and aid.

  1. Why the US became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam

    When Kennedy was in power he set up Strategic Hamlet. This was a method to stop communists from entering a village but had failed, communist support grew to 17000. The troops that Kennedy had sent was said to be advisors, who were not meant to be fighting, this was not always the truth.

  2. Explain why the United States became increasingly involved in Vietnam

    What he did do was be in agreement only to send military experts to train the South Vietnamese Army, the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN). The amount of military experts been sent to Vietnam to be trained increased from 700 to 3000.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work