• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain Why The United States Became Increasingly Involved In The War In Vietnam

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain Why The United States Became Increasingly Involved In The War In Vietnam The Cold War was a conflict between Russia and the United States but they were no actually fighting one an other. They done their fighting through smaller countries. The Cold War began after World War II and separated Europe with an 'iron curtain'. During 1954 to 1965, America became increasingly involved in the affairs of Vietnam. This was due to many important reasons; the most important being that of Americas hatred of communism and the USA's need to contain it. Throughout these years the USA could have withdrawn and stopped giving aid to South Vietnam, but didn't, as the Presidents wanted to maintain their stature and not let Russia think they were weaker. From 1946 onwards the Vietminh who were an organisation set-up and led by the patriotic, communist Ho Chi Minh fought heavily with the French. They fought with far more primitive weapons than the French who used modern powerful weapons supplied by the US. But where the Vietminh lost out on technology they made up with ferocity, patriotism and they tactics. ...read more.

Middle

This was the main reason USA was involved. Diem set up the A.R.V.N and the new President Kennedy gave approximately $270 million to them. He sent up to 10000 advisors to help Diem. He did this as Communist North seemed to be winning as the peasants in the south disliked Diem as he taxed them and took away there land, whereas the Vietminh gave peasants land and helped them. The USA was again fighting for the wrong reasons as they thought it was non-communist against the communists. In fact the peasants didn't understand what communism was they followed Vietminh as they helped them. The US government set up strategic hamlets, which was a costly failure they fortified selected villages, which they thought, could be most easily defended against the Vietminh (Vietcong). Then villagers were sent to live in them. These were very unpopular with the Vietnamese. The involvement upto 1963 by USA had cost 50 American lives and more than $400,000,000 for a corrupt government. The South Vietnams army wouldn't fight for their country and the Guerrillas ruled the countryside. The US had to get out or take control and win the war. ...read more.

Conclusion

On the 11th of February 1965 President Johnson made it clear that he thought 'Operation Rolling Thunder' would win the war. The plan consisted of bombing North Vietnam key military targets, such army barracks, bridges and cities in an attempt to bomb the Vietminh in to submission and stop communism in Vietnam and hopefully the Middle East. From 1954 to 1965 the Americans became increasingly involved due to fear, hatred, and the attempt to contain communism. At first America were indirectly part of the war; they gave financial aid and equipment to the South Vietnamese. They increasingly became involved when the prospect of communism endangered their 'Back yard'. The USA was dragged in to the war by their complete and utter hatred of Communism. The US thought the war was communism against nationalists where in fact it was between colonialists and Nationalists. The later part of the war consisted of two Nationalist parties who wanted power over Vietnam. America's tunnel vision saw the Vietminh led by a communist. This meant America would do any thing they could to defeat the Vietminh (communists). And that aim dragged them feet first in to the war they were fighting for the wrong reasons. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain why America became increasingly involved in the affairs of Vietnam

    3 star(s)

    Eisenhower didn't try to make him have one either. Diem knew that the United States would have to go on supporting him because he prevented communist victory in the South. As one American put it, Diem was 'a puppet who pulled his own strings-and ours as well.' Even though America knew that this was wrong, that they should give

  2. How Useful are Sources A-C to explain why the United States became involved in ...

    A week later, on 13th February, the president gave his approval to 'Operation rolling thunder'. This meant the bombing of North Vietnam on a regular basis. It was a major escalation of the United States' role in the war and it was quickly followed by another.

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    stationing of significant numbers of Palestinian troops in Druze-held areas of the Shuf Mountains. Trouble began to brew very early in 1975 when a Lebanese Army barracks in Tyre was hit by 8 rockets fired from a nearby Palestinian camp on January 20th.

  2. Why the US became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam

    In August 1964 two US navel vessels were on patrol off the coast of Vietnam in the Gulf Of Tonkin. An incident happened in where supposedly North Vietnamese patrol boats fired on the American destroyer, The Maddox, in the Gulf Of Tonkin.

  1. How useful are sources A to C to explain why the United States became ...

    Johnson also doesn't talk about the Gulf of Tonkin incident, which happened a short while before his speech. This is because he did not want to appear weak, but it affects its usefulness because historians cannot find out what Johnson's opinions were on it.

  2. Explain Why The US Became Increasingly Involved In The Vietnam War

    He is speaking after the Gulf of Tonkin incident where two American ships were attacked so he is speaking in the 'heat of the moment' and perhaps at a time where he feels that he can convince most of the public that they are going into war to keep the peace and security.

  1. Coursework on discussing whether television was an important reason why the United States lost ...

    The firing lasted for 13 seconds. Guardsmen later admitted to firing at specific unarmed targets; one man shot a demonstrator who was giving him the finger. The unarmed students who were shot raged from 60 feet to 700 feet away from the Guardsmen. The targets were not limited to protesting students.

  2. Why Did the United States of America Become Involved In Vietnam?

    President Johnson becomes biased reciting a verse from the bible, where at that day and age the population was protestant. "Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further......" The historical question this extract might help me to answer is that the Americans wanted communism out of Vietnam, and they did not want the domino theory to take its toll.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work