• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why the United States of America withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain why the United States of America withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973 There are various reasons why the USA withdrew its forces such as changes in public opinion, the tactics of the different armies and a change in US foreign policy. These were all contributory factors which when they coincided lead to the withdrawal of the US from Vietnam. The US became slowly involved in war in Vietnam by firstly trying to support the South Vietnamese fight the Communists of the North. As this became more complicated, the US became more involved. The policies of the South Vietnamese and Americans were unpopular with the South Vietnamese. At first President Kennedy merely supported the South Vietnamese government The South Vietnamese President Diem, was catholic and the Buddhists resented this influence. President Kennedy approved a coupe d'etait and Diem was to be replaced by his brother Nhu. They were both killed. When President Johnson came to power he began pursuing the war and put more funds to it. He was also reluctant to inform the US government about the full operations in Vietnam. The war was costing the United States too much money and too many lives. The American citizens had to pay for the war from their taxes. The US government spent $141 billion on the war. ...read more.

Middle

Whilst there were Human Rights abuses on both sides, the USA seemed to be committing them regularly. These were publicised all over the world. These showed the US soldiers committing atrocities such as the My Lai Incident in 1968 and made the public realise it was not a war being fairly fought. All these efforts to bring a small third world country to surrender proved futile and were not very productive in the USA. President Nixon decided to seek peace with North Vietnam at the Paris peace talks in May 1968 but the South Vietnamese President Thieu would not agree and these failed. At home in the USA, the population became increasingly critical of the war, how it was being run and were fully against any war being waged in a foreign country. There was a shift in public opinion and by 1968 the Americans were opposed to the war. The tactics of the US army, such as during the TET Offensive, My Lai, the use of chemical weapons on the forest with napalm and Agent Orange and the US army's failure to make significant gains, were being openly shown on television and the media. This was the first war where there was full media coverage with almost instantaneous broadcasting of the events. This alone made the public uneasy. ...read more.

Conclusion

Instead it would fund anti-Communists in their own countries and that the USA would not become involved with its own troops. This is seen in President Nixon's policy of 'Vietnamization', where the South Vietnamese population were to do their own fighting with US advisers. This was consolidated eventually in 1973 by Congress when it passed 'The War Powers' Act that limited the President's power to wage a war outside the USA. It was seen by the USA population and especially the US government that it had been humiliated in the eyes of the world and it had to extract itself from the mess. Nixon opened secret talks with the North Vietnamese and in 1975 Saigon eventually fell to the North Vietnamese because they lacked the support of the USA. It was the combination and the interaction between the different tactics of the armies, the media coverage, and the questioning of the war in the USA that led the USA to withdraw its troops from Vietnam. The change in approach to foreign policies and war by the USA meant that it no longer wished to become embroiled in such a war. This was to last until after September eleventh when it began an aggressive foreign policy but it has been careful not to become fully engaged in foreign countries for long periods because of the humiliation it suffered in withdrawing from Vietnam. Johnathon Greenfield 48139 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. WHAT WERE THE CAUSES OF THE YOM KIPPUR WAR OF 1973?

    This time Nasser was determined to go out in a full out war if he must due to he received backing from other Arab nations. Thus Nasser was now more confident and would not allow right of passage to the Israeli ships.

  2. To What Extent Have The Attempts For A Palestinian State Been Blocked By The ...

    However this call for legality in this conflict has evidently been too much for the US, as every attempt for its implementation in resolution from has been blocked by them. Another basic resolution that is completely essential to ensuring peace within the conflict is Resolution 194.

  1. Explain Why The USA Withdrem its Forces From Vietnam in 1973

    Vietnam was lost in the living rooms of America - not on the battlefields of Vietnam." This was the first war shown live on television and in colour. Viewers witnessed events such as a Vietcong prisoner being shot dead and women and children being stripped and murdered by GIs.

  2. Vietnam - Why did the USA withdraw it's troops in 1973?

    The good that was built up by these tactics was soon offset by the use of policies such as search and destroy, and strategic hamlets. The search and destroy policy consisted of American troops being sent out on missions to find and kill enemy army units.

  1. How Useful are Sources A-C to explain why the United States became involved in ...

    Another example of where source B contradicts source A is where it says "What the hell is Vietnam worth to me?" and in source A he says how he wants to offer support to people of South Vietnam. Again we can see that source A is untrue because of its purpose.

  2. Why Did the United States of America Become Involved In Vietnam?

    "To take all necessary steps, including the use of armed force, to assist any member or protocol state of the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty requesting assistance in defense of its freedom." Both Johnson and President Richard Nixon used the Resolution as a justification for escalated involvement in Indochina.

  1. Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973

    For this reason alone, he gained America's support. He had a poor record on human rights. Ngu and his brother Nhu ruled as dictators. Their corrupt and brutal government was backed by America. The most important question concerning the Vietnam War is how Vietnam matched and resisted the USA's superior technology and military might.

  2. How Useful are Sources A to C to Explain Why the United States Became ...

    Overall, this source agrees with the idea that the media was to blame, as it is a photograph which is a type of media, but the photograph is also showing a clash in political opinions with the government, which is who the public are demonstrating against.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work