• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why the United States of America withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973.

Extracts from this document...


Explain why the United States of America withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973 There are various reasons why the USA withdrew its forces such as changes in public opinion, the tactics of the different armies and a change in US foreign policy. These were all contributory factors which when they coincided lead to the withdrawal of the US from Vietnam. The US became slowly involved in war in Vietnam by firstly trying to support the South Vietnamese fight the Communists of the North. As this became more complicated, the US became more involved. The policies of the South Vietnamese and Americans were unpopular with the South Vietnamese. At first President Kennedy merely supported the South Vietnamese government The South Vietnamese President Diem, was catholic and the Buddhists resented this influence. President Kennedy approved a coupe d'etait and Diem was to be replaced by his brother Nhu. They were both killed. When President Johnson came to power he began pursuing the war and put more funds to it. He was also reluctant to inform the US government about the full operations in Vietnam. The war was costing the United States too much money and too many lives. The American citizens had to pay for the war from their taxes. The US government spent $141 billion on the war. ...read more.


Whilst there were Human Rights abuses on both sides, the USA seemed to be committing them regularly. These were publicised all over the world. These showed the US soldiers committing atrocities such as the My Lai Incident in 1968 and made the public realise it was not a war being fairly fought. All these efforts to bring a small third world country to surrender proved futile and were not very productive in the USA. President Nixon decided to seek peace with North Vietnam at the Paris peace talks in May 1968 but the South Vietnamese President Thieu would not agree and these failed. At home in the USA, the population became increasingly critical of the war, how it was being run and were fully against any war being waged in a foreign country. There was a shift in public opinion and by 1968 the Americans were opposed to the war. The tactics of the US army, such as during the TET Offensive, My Lai, the use of chemical weapons on the forest with napalm and Agent Orange and the US army's failure to make significant gains, were being openly shown on television and the media. This was the first war where there was full media coverage with almost instantaneous broadcasting of the events. This alone made the public uneasy. ...read more.


Instead it would fund anti-Communists in their own countries and that the USA would not become involved with its own troops. This is seen in President Nixon's policy of 'Vietnamization', where the South Vietnamese population were to do their own fighting with US advisers. This was consolidated eventually in 1973 by Congress when it passed 'The War Powers' Act that limited the President's power to wage a war outside the USA. It was seen by the USA population and especially the US government that it had been humiliated in the eyes of the world and it had to extract itself from the mess. Nixon opened secret talks with the North Vietnamese and in 1975 Saigon eventually fell to the North Vietnamese because they lacked the support of the USA. It was the combination and the interaction between the different tactics of the armies, the media coverage, and the questioning of the war in the USA that led the USA to withdraw its troops from Vietnam. The change in approach to foreign policies and war by the USA meant that it no longer wished to become embroiled in such a war. This was to last until after September eleventh when it began an aggressive foreign policy but it has been careful not to become fully engaged in foreign countries for long periods because of the humiliation it suffered in withdrawing from Vietnam. Johnathon Greenfield 48139 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays


    Nasser's clear aim of aggression towards Israel was shown when a series of talks were held between him and the USA to reopen the straits had failed which meant that Israel's only solution was to declare war, which Nasser was hoping for.

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    Christian leaders turned to Israel for military support against the ascendant PLO and the Muslim left. After a series of clandestine meetings between Mossad, the Israeli foreign intelligence agency, and militia leaders Bashir Gemayel and Dany Chamoun, Israel began supplying US$50 million per year to arm and equip the Christian fighters.

  1. How Useful are Sources A-C to explain why the United States became involved in ...

    When he say's "They'd" he does not mean that the public would bring him down but his Military advisers. He then says "...I don't think we can get out" This again suggests that it wasn't his choice to go to Vietnam.

  2. Explain why the United States became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam.

    There were many reasons why the USA involvement became intensified, especially having a foreign policy being dominated by domino theory. This meant that each President dealing with the Vietnamese problem was equally reluctant to escape involvement and face the accusation that they had lost the battle against communism and so consequently, dug the US in deeper.

  1. How useful are sources A to C to explain why the United States became ...

    Johnson has been accurate about staying in South East Asia in earlier times, because the Americans did fight here and didn't just ignore it or leave it. There is evidence to suggest that Johnson has been pretending that he wants to go into war because in May 1964 he spoke

  2. Armed forces.

    In many ways, these navvies represented one of the largest migrations of Imperial settlers as they moved over from Ireland or as they followed the train tracks around the country and ended up settling in the last place they found work.

  1. There were two periods in which the United States pursued policies of non-intervention in ...

    part, to extend their system to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and safety. With the governments who have declared their independence and maintained it, and whose independence we have acknowledged, we could not view any interposition by any European power in any other lights than

  2. To What Extent Have The Attempts For A Palestinian State Been Blocked By The ...

    Whereas the settlements and security wall are an example of a physical and somewhat militaristic manifestation of this hindrance of a peace deal towards a Palestinian state, economic restrictions upon the Palestinian economy are just as destructive to the aims for a fully autonomous state.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work