• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973.

Extracts from this document...


History Coursework Explain why the United States withdrew Its forces from Vietnam in 1973 In 1973 the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam after 19 years of war between the two sides. There were many different reasons for this which all interlinked and forced America out of Vietnam. America didn't want Vietnam to become communist but Vietnam wanted its independence. War broke out in 1954 and Vietnam claimed victory in 1973 after America withdrew its forces. After the Second World War the countries involved were devastated, the two main powers, the most powerful countries in the world were the USA and the USSR. However these two countries had conflicting ideologies. The USA was a democracy and thought people should have freedom of speech. They ran their country using capitalism. However the USSR were communists, they believed in having one party who had state ownership, they did not agree with freedom of speech. The USA didn't want anymore countries to become communist, they had the view that if one country turned communist all other neighbouring countries would follow, this was known as the domino theory. This became known as the cold war, the USA was against communism and the USSR was in favour of it. The cold war was a war of words and propaganda. ...read more.


The American public began seeing images of burnt and deformed children and began questioning if what they were doing was right and the America began losing the support of their public. The Americans also used flamethrowers and sent planes to drop bombs all over the country. They began search and destroy mission were they searched for the Vietnamese soldiers in villages and burnt down any villages were any supplies or equipment was found. In March 1968 a major search and destroy mission took place, nine helicopter gun ships landed close to the Vietnamese village of My Lai. One platoon from the helicopters spent the next two hours killing, in cold blood, a large number of unarmed Vietnamese men, women and children. This was Know as the My Lai massacre. This was illegal the platoon should not have killed any innocent civilians. The news of the massacre became headline news 3 months later when it all flooded out. The American public were as horrified as the rest of the world and lost even more support in their country. The Vietnam War was affecting the American soldiers badly many did not want to fight and didn't want to be in Vietnam. The American soldiers weren't just killing the Vietcong soldiers but innocent people which was wrong and the soldiers and the public knew that something had to be done. ...read more.


However those troops left in Vietnam and also those at home having to live with what they had done took refuge in alcohol and drug abuse. Ever since the start of the war this had been one way of coping with the horrific nature of the war, the loss of close friends and the prospect of imminent death. When Soldiers returned and were awarded medals of honour many of them threw them away. In 1973 America withdrew its forces from Vietnam as both sides agreed to The Paris Peace Agreement, that stated US armed forces had to withdraw completely. Overall the war cost about 100,000,000 this caused taxes to rise and led to inflation. Since so much money was needed to pay for the war, US forces elsewhere were left short of men, money and equipment. All these reasons contributed to the withdrawal of the American soldiers. However, I think the most important reason for this was the role of the media. The media turned the American public against the war. They published pictures of burnt children saying that this had been done in their name. If the media hadn't covered the war then the American citizens wouldn't have known exactly what was going on and wouldn't have begun protesting against the war. The protests put extra pressure on the government to come to a peace settlement over Vietnam. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Explain why the USA withdrew its forces from Vietnam by 1973?

    This caused a mix of emotions in the government of the USA and the actual soldiers feelings.

  2. The Vietnam War – G.C.S.E. History Coursework

    Kenneth O'Donnell describes the war a "foreign adventure". This tells me that he didn't think the war was worthwhile and the use of the work adventure indicates that he does not think this war is planned or in any way organized and therefore the American Government was improvising as it went along in Vietnam.

  1. I will be looking at how the U.S became increasingly involved Vietnam, the problems ...

    This source is a detailed piece of primary information. Although the film and the book were made after Ron's part in the Vietnam War, they were both created from events that happened while Ron was there. On the other hand, it could be said that this source is a biased piece of information.

  2. Explain why the United States of America withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973.

    The tactics used by both sides merely showed the inability of the USA to fight a war where it did not dictate the manner in which it would be fought. Vietnam was an agricultural country in the third world and the terrain meant that the war could not be fought with pitched battles which the US was used to.

  1. Describe the military tactics and weapons used by both the USA and the Vietcong ...

    They were generously sprayed over forests to get rid of the cover, which did work. But, these chemical weapons caused horrific deaths and the wounds from Napalm would take six months to heal, leaving victims terribly scarred. The Dioxin in the Orange/Blue Agents caused deformities in children and cancer to anyone handling it.

  2. Armed forces.

    However, the territorial titles would later form the basis of the next major overhaul of the regimental system almost exactly 100 years later: the Cardwell Army reforms. Foot guards Number Title 1st The First Regiment of Foot Guards 2nd The Second (Cold stream)

  1. American History.

    - In 1800 and 1801, however, France once again obtained control of the region. Oh no! Concerns grew when, right before giving the area to France, Spanish officials stopped letting Americans keep their goods in NO while waiting for their shipment to other countries.

  2. Vietnam - Why did the USA withdraw it's troops in 1973?

    The USA had failed to win the hearts and minds of the people, which they knew was the only way that they could win the war. They had attempted to win the peasants support by using education programmes, such as speaking in schools and visiting them, and also giving them supplies such as books.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work