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Explain Why The United StatesWithdrew its Forces From Vietnamin 1973?

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Introduction

Explain Why The United States Withdrew its Forces From Vietnam in 1973? The impact of the Vietnam War upon the USA was as great as the attack upon the Twin Towers in 2001.Previously the USA was reluctant to fight aboard as in World Wars One and Two but in Vietnam it had fully committed itself to fight abroad with its own troops. It was to avoid such involvements again until 2001. There are various reasons why the USA withdrew its forces such as changes in public opinion, the tactics of the different armies and a change in US foreign policy. These were all contributory factors which when they coincided lead to the withdrawal of the US from Vietnam. The US became slowly embroiled in war in Vietnam by firstly trying to support the South Vietnamese fight the Communists of the North. As this became more entrenched, the US became more involved. The policies of the South Vietnamese and Americans were unpopular with the South Vietnamese. At first President Kennedy merely supported the South Vietnamese government The South Vietnamese President Diem, was catholic and the Buddhists resented this influence. President Kennedy approved a coupe d'etait and Diem was to be replaced by his brother Nhu. They were both killed. When President Johnson came to power he began pursuing the war and allotted more funds to it. ...read more.

Middle

It was finally realised that there was nothing to really bomb except for forests in the hope that Vietcong supply routes would be broken but the country was so large that it could not work. Whilst there were Human Rights abuses on both sides, the US seemed to be committing them regularly. These were publicised all over the world. These showed the US soldiers committing atrocities such as the My Lai Incident in 1968 and made the public realise it was not a war being fairly fought. The world also saw the Chief of the Saigon police shot a Vietcong suspect in the head in the street without a trial and obviously not in self-defence. All these efforts to bring a small third world country to surrender proved futile and were counter productive in the USA. President Nixon decided to seek peace with North Vietnam at the Paris peace talks in May 1968 but the South Vietnamese President Thieu would not agree and these failed. At home in the USA, the population became increasingly critical of the war, how it was being run and were fully against any war being waged in a foreign country. There was a shift in public opinion and by 1968 the Americans were opposed to the war. ...read more.

Conclusion

Instead it would fund anti-communists in their own countries and that the USA would not become involved with its own troops. This is seen in President Nixon's policy of 'Vietnamization', where the South Vietnamese population were to do their own fighting with US advisers. This was consolidated eventually in 1973 by Congress when it passed 'The War Powers' Act that limited the President's power to wage a war outside the USA. It was seen by the US population and especially the US government that it had been given a 'bloody nose' and it had been humiliated in the eyes of the world and it had to extract itself from the mess. Nixon opened secret talks with the North Vietnamese and in 1975 Saigon eventually fell to the North Vietnamese because they lacked the support of the USA. It was the combination and the interaction between the different tactics of the armies, the media coverage, and the questioning of the war in the USA that led the USA to withdraw its troops from Vietnam. The change in approach to foreign policies and war by the USA meant that it no longer wished to become embroiled in such a war. This was to last until after September eleventh when it began an aggressive foreign policy but it has been careful not to become fully engaged in foreign countries for long periods because of the humiliation it suffered in withdrawing from Vietnam ...read more.

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