• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why the United Stateswithdrew its forces from Vietnamin 1973?

Extracts from this document...


Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973? In this essay I will explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam and explain the main long term and short term factors that influenced the decision to withdraw its forces and cease all military operations in Vietnam. Vietnam was a French colony before World War Two but due to their defeat at the hands of Hitler it was issued to the Japanese, who where part of the axis partnership. The Japanese ill-treated the Vietnamese and used them as slaves in the war effort. A man called Ho Chi Minh lead an organised group in the uprising against their Japanese oppressors and soon forced them from Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh was a communist and ruled Vietnam as a communist state. The Americans here, showed first their first signs of interest as they did not want communism to spread to other countries. This theory of communism spreading was called the Domino Effect. America wanted to try and detain communism and used the UN to isolate China by placing trade sanction upon them which lead to them relying more and more upon the USSR for trade. This strengthened their relationship and lead to an increase in communist movements in Asia. ...read more.


Reporters were everywhere in Vietnam and were able to report everything back to those at home, including the armies mistakes. Most people in American, most likely, would not have seen someone dead or in injured by military hardware. A movie was released on American TV showing a suspected Viet Cong being executed by South Vietnamese police; this was show around dinner time for most families. This lead to the Americans thinking about who America were supporting, this brutal force that murdered people in front of a camera. This was a long term factor, slowly turning the tide against war. At the start of the war, before America had forces in the country, the media reported what the advisers were doing in villages, helping them become more efficient but soon showed the destruction of the villages by the war machines. The showing of children crying, burned by napalm bombs gave the American pubic the impression of America being the enemy not the Viet Cong. The tactics used by the Viet Cong was also turning the tide for war. The growing numbers of American deaths over a long period stood out against the suspected Viet Cong deaths. The Americans had many, fully trained professional troops against a weak group of freedom fighters. ...read more.


Just showing some of the carnage in a war can change people's minds and they start losing site of why the war had started in the first place. If communism had spread and engulfed large areas of the world the question on most of the American people would be 'Why hadn't we seen this treat and acted?' and the government would have been at fault. The situation you are left with is whether you should act against support because it is the best thing and that is the role of the politician. The war was not lost by the American soldiers; it was lost by the people of America. The growing anger against the war was sufficient enough to create enough chaos to make the President withdraw the troops. This factor was one of the many factors that influenced the decision but remains the most influential. The public are the people that fight the war, they are the people that find the war and they are the people that judge the President on his ability to wage war. It is impossible to say if the outcome of the war would be different if the public supported the war but it can be said that the public had, by far the most influence is why the American forces were withdraw from Vietnam. Darren Raffety History Coursework Vietnam ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Russell Baker's Growing Up

    4 star(s)

    the likes of his own heroes which he mentions and historians will recall them to be famous aviators of the day (i.e. Charles A. Lindbergh and Amelia Earhart, Captain Eddie Rickenbacker and Roscoe Turner). As well as tell of childhood heroes, this once again provides historical knowledge.

  2. Explain why the United States of America withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973.

    The war was bought home to the USA population when in May 1970 four students were shot dead at Kent State University. In March 1968 President Johnson had not sought re-election because he thought the war had ruined his chances of winning and now President Nixon began to seek peace

  1. Armed forces.

    In the stagecoach days, a ticket from London to Manchester and back would have cost �3 10s but by 1851 the train fare for this same journey was only 5s (a seventh of the stagecoach fare) for a far quicker and more comfortable journey.

  2. Vietnam - Why did the USA withdraw it's troops in 1973?

    Both of the two programmes made MORE people support the Vietcong, not less. The war depended mostly on the Vietnam people, and what they wanted. The Americans thought they understood the Vietnamese desires, but instead they misunderstood. The Americans went into Vietnam to save the South Vietnamese from communism, thinking

  1. Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973.

    They began slowing own when walking through the jungle because they had to be careful not to walk into one of the Vietnamese traps. The Vietcong booby traps accounted for 11% of American deaths and 17% of wounds. The American soldiers kept falling into the Vietcong booby traps in the

  2. Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973.

    This led to a great lack of trust between the Vietnamese and the Americans. After 1965, US involvement in the war escalated rapidly in response to the growing strength of the Vietcong. By 1967, US troop strength in South Vietnam had risen to 389,000 men, but despite their sophisticated weapons,

  1. The Vietnam conflict - "Our objective is to create conditions for a favorable settlement ...

    This group, or MAAG as it was called, due to an 85 million dollar per year budget, was able to turn an unorganized and poorly equipped south Vietnamese army into a modern fighting unit. In the economic arena, the U.S.

  2. History of the United States

    Settlement expanded widely from the coastal beachheads of the 17th century into back-country regions with profoundly divergent ways of life. Several non-English ethnic groups migrated to the British colonies in large numbers during the 18th century. By 1775, Germans, who settled primarily in the Middle Colonies but also in the back-country South, numbered about 250,000.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work