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Explain why the United Stateswithdrew its forces from Vietnamin 1973?

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Introduction

Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973? In this essay I will explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam and explain the main long term and short term factors that influenced the decision to withdraw its forces and cease all military operations in Vietnam. Vietnam was a French colony before World War Two but due to their defeat at the hands of Hitler it was issued to the Japanese, who where part of the axis partnership. The Japanese ill-treated the Vietnamese and used them as slaves in the war effort. A man called Ho Chi Minh lead an organised group in the uprising against their Japanese oppressors and soon forced them from Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh was a communist and ruled Vietnam as a communist state. The Americans here, showed first their first signs of interest as they did not want communism to spread to other countries. This theory of communism spreading was called the Domino Effect. America wanted to try and detain communism and used the UN to isolate China by placing trade sanction upon them which lead to them relying more and more upon the USSR for trade. This strengthened their relationship and lead to an increase in communist movements in Asia. ...read more.

Middle

Reporters were everywhere in Vietnam and were able to report everything back to those at home, including the armies mistakes. Most people in American, most likely, would not have seen someone dead or in injured by military hardware. A movie was released on American TV showing a suspected Viet Cong being executed by South Vietnamese police; this was show around dinner time for most families. This lead to the Americans thinking about who America were supporting, this brutal force that murdered people in front of a camera. This was a long term factor, slowly turning the tide against war. At the start of the war, before America had forces in the country, the media reported what the advisers were doing in villages, helping them become more efficient but soon showed the destruction of the villages by the war machines. The showing of children crying, burned by napalm bombs gave the American pubic the impression of America being the enemy not the Viet Cong. The tactics used by the Viet Cong was also turning the tide for war. The growing numbers of American deaths over a long period stood out against the suspected Viet Cong deaths. The Americans had many, fully trained professional troops against a weak group of freedom fighters. ...read more.

Conclusion

Just showing some of the carnage in a war can change people's minds and they start losing site of why the war had started in the first place. If communism had spread and engulfed large areas of the world the question on most of the American people would be 'Why hadn't we seen this treat and acted?' and the government would have been at fault. The situation you are left with is whether you should act against support because it is the best thing and that is the role of the politician. The war was not lost by the American soldiers; it was lost by the people of America. The growing anger against the war was sufficient enough to create enough chaos to make the President withdraw the troops. This factor was one of the many factors that influenced the decision but remains the most influential. The public are the people that fight the war, they are the people that find the war and they are the people that judge the President on his ability to wage war. It is impossible to say if the outcome of the war would be different if the public supported the war but it can be said that the public had, by far the most influence is why the American forces were withdraw from Vietnam. Darren Raffety History Coursework Vietnam ...read more.

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