• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why the USA withdrew its forces from Vietnam by 1973?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Vietnam Coursework: EXPLAIN: WHY THE USA WITHDREW IT FORCES FROM VIETNAM BY 1973? The Vietnam War lasted just under a decade but conflict in the area had been seen for well over thirty years. It all started as a civil war between the South Vietnamese people and their government. As the government of Vietnam was struggling and fear of defeat was becoming more and more apparent, the US were called to help. After this exhausting decade of non-stop fighting and controversy, the US withdrew in 1973. There were many reasons for this such as, media that was giving coverage of the war to around the world. Governmental pressures, what president would take the next move? Economic build up because the cost of the war was so great. Also guerrilla warfare tactics used by the southern Vietnamese to oppress the US being there. In this essay I will aim to show a mix of media attention and governmental pressures as the main reasons for US withdrawal. The most important reason was because of media coverage. This was the first full scale war to be seen worldwide, (especially in America). ...read more.

Middle

As the soldiers stepped off the planes, half way around the world, the body bags of fellow soldiers were loaded on. And at only an average age of nineteen years old, being so far away from anyone they really loved caused their minds to ask why they were really there. Both soldiers and American publics no longer understood what they were fighting for and whom they were fighting for. But when one hundred and nine innocent Southern Vietnamese people were murdered at My Lai the Americans saw the pointlessness of giving into this evil cycle of killings. Media coverage again showed, sometimes live, on television broadcasts this brutality. The protests for peace now turned into riots causing the government to re-think sending more troops. At this time withdrawal was no option but was now starting to look as optimistic as ever. This now links with governmental pressures being a main cause in the chain of withdrawal reasons, they had to step in. L.B Johnson was a president who didn't keep his public promise; he sent more troops to fight when they weren't necessarily needed. Americans saw him as more of a "fool" than a worthy president. ...read more.

Conclusion

In Conclusion: To conclude I am going to answer the title question with media coverage and governmental pressures being the reasons why the US withdrew its forces from Vietnam by 1973. The reasons for me choosing both are because I think media triggered off pressure in the government of America. It showed the people of the US what was going on, with uncensored news reports being shown around the clock. This turned peoples view into bitter hatred toward the US soldiers being out there so the government had to step in to control the situation. By electing a new president the US could try to balance money and troops as well as start to propaganda-rise its media attention to sway Americans attention to what good they were actually doing. Thanks to the power of cinema and film a worldwide public can see what really happened, even if it is glittered up for Hollywood the truth still comes out. For instance when I saw the film "PLATOON", it made me realise the true extent to the soldiers frustration of not understanding a great deal about what they were doing out in Vietnam, not to mention because they didn't understand a word of the Southern Vietnamese language. Senseless violence was the only alternative so the media latched on to it and showed the American public causing uproar. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Describe the military tactics and weapons used by both the USA and the Vietcong ...

    The VC often left traps in the system e.g biologcal weapons- snakes, scorpions, spiders, bats, or even trap doors that cut peoples throast or lead to Punji Pits. Most of the time the 'Rats' came out screeming and crying. As a result of not being able to find the entrances

  2. Explain why the US withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973?

    This was to be known as 'Operation Rolling Thunder'. From 1965-68, B52 bombing planes dropped three times more bombs on Vietnam than were dropped on Germany throughout the entire Second World War, with the Ho Chi Minh Trail, ammunitions factories and the jungle itself being targeted.

  1. WHAT WERE THE CAUSES OF THE YOM KIPPUR WAR OF 1973?

    the Arabs, which is a great value to have due to his end product his book is not biased and provides then more or less accurate information. Another value of this source is that it provides significant information on the creation of Israel and its past even before its creation.

  2. Armed forces.

    line over a hundred years after it was built by the British army. Likewise in the Boer war, the British army came to depend on the strategic advantages of the railway network, but would also be exposed to the vulnerability of this network as the Boers transformed themselves into a guerilla army and destroyed bridges and lines at will.

  1. Explain Why The USA Withdrem its Forces From Vietnam in 1973

    This led to brutal acts, such as the 'My Lai Massacre' of 16th March 1968. Another reason for the withdrawal was an unsuccessful change in US tactics. Search and Destroy missions were deployed by the US but the US forces increasing usage of aggression led to its failure.

  2. Vietnam - Why did the USA withdraw it's troops in 1973?

    Vietcong just seemed to disappear, which caused bad psychological effects due to this type of war. U.S troops heard news of the unpopularity of the war back home, and made them feel there was no point in fighting if the people at home were not praising them, and that were dying for nothing.

  1. Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973

    The VC moved around the country easily without being detected and usually attacked at night. This helped make the decision for the US forces to leave Vietnam. The Vietcong employed many ingenious tactics, one of which was the Vietcong's network of tunnels, in which they moved and lived undetected.

  2. Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973.

    They began slowing own when walking through the jungle because they had to be careful not to walk into one of the Vietnamese traps. The Vietcong booby traps accounted for 11% of American deaths and 17% of wounds. The American soldiers kept falling into the Vietcong booby traps in the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work