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Explain why the USA withdrew its forces from Vietnamin 1973.

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Introduction

Explain why the USA withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973 In this essay I will show you how and why the US withdrew its forces from Vietnam in the period of 1963 to 1973. They fought for SV against the North Vietnamese Army (NVA) and the Vietcong (VC) to try and stop the spread of Communism and the continuation of the Domino Theory. As the horrors went on the US realised they had more reason to leave rather than to stay in Vietnam. I will cover all the points which eventually made the USA begin vietnamization. When the US joined the war they believed they could easily win by using the well trained marines and the most advanced weapons of the time, mainly relying on their superior air power and dominance over the NVA and VC to bomb them into submission. Yet the US soon learned that weapons alone could not beat the guerrilla tactics used by the VC, who also had the advantage of fighting on home soil. It would take some time before the young marines could get used to the gruesome conditions they had to fight in. The VC avoided direct contact with the US soldiers (and therefore dodging the advanced US weapons) by moving in small groups throughout North Vietnamese (NV) villages, keeping no strongholds and thus using their primitive weaponry in the best way they could. This forced the US to start Search and Destroy missions (S&D), where US soldiers would be dropped by "chopper" outside Vietnamese villages. They would then proceed to search the villages and interrogating all the villagers as the VC also wore civilian clothes to blend into the peasant population; they would then destroy anything which might possible be used by the VC, like weapons and ammunition. This led to possibly innocent villages being burnt down by US troops. This meant that it was very hard for the US troops to win the hearts and minds of the SV people, and making it more likely for more SV people to join the VC. ...read more.

Middle

The Tet Offensive had a devastating and ongoing effect on the US, right up until the start of Vietnamization, it seemed to have a large impact on the public, simply because they had the power to start the offensive people in the US started to fear for the lives of their loved ones even more than before. The biased media pounced upon the chance to expose the US further, showing huge losses for the US, trying to prove that the US weren't having a big as an effect on the VC and NVA forces as they thought they were. People at home in the US started to realise that it wasn't worth trying to stop the spread of Communism in exchange for the deaths of many US troops. After the Tet Offensive and the My Lai massacre the protests in the US began to get more serious, the resistance formed by the VC and NVA caused even more people to join the protests. The protests were caused by many things, such as the media involvement in the War, thing like the My Lai massacre, the Tet Offensive was just a spark to begin an uproar of colossal protests. Such was the time of the protests, they were made even vaster because of the "hippie" movement and the want to `make love not war'. Many believed the War was immoral and that the US had no right to impose its views on a poor nation like Vietnam. Some scientists criticised the use of chemical weapons because of the effect it had on people and the environment. All of these factors and many more escalated the protests, which all had a massive effect on the US presence in Vietnam. Thus putting more pressure on the US government to end the war, whether they won or not, but just to stop all the deaths of US soldiers. ...read more.

Conclusion

This in turn caused more and more protests in the US which were deemed as the main reason why the US withdrew its troops from Vietnam in 1973. The Tet Offensive and the My Lai massacre (both in 1968 when the drafting in of un trained troops was at a peak) were seen as major events which were regarded as turning points in the war, from the US winning the war too the US losing the War. All of this coming from one thing, US forces being ignorant of the fact that the VC and NVA were determined and influenced by the NV's powerful leader, Ho Chi Minh. This ignorance towards the poor and apparently diminutive country by the US led to a year where everything seemed to go wrong for the US, 1968. When both the My Lai massacre and the Tet Offensive occurred, both spawning a whole number of problems for the US government, and above all creating more protesters. I think the US had realised they had made this colossal mistake right at the beginning, so they used the Vietnam War as an excuse to try and improve relations with China and the Soviet Union, in an attempt to thaw the Cold War. I think the US knew when they signed the cease fire and pulled its last remaining troops out of Vietnam that SV would be eventually taken over, that's why they used their position to its advantage, to try and end the Cold War. In a way, the US offered SV to the Communists as a peace offering, as if too say we will let you have this, and we ask in return is that we continue improving our relations as we had begun before the end of the Vietnam War, even thought, in reality, the US could no longer stay in Vietnam no matter what due to all the reasons I have raised in this essay. ...read more.

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