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Explain why the Whites despite allied intervention were unable to win the civil war.

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Introduction

Explain why the Whites despite allied intervention were unable to win the civil war. For a number of reasons the allies (Britain. France and America) offered support to the White Army, who opposed the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War. However even with the allied support the Whites did not manage to achieve victory. The main reasons for the allies' involvement were; to prevent communism, restore the tsarist system and to get Russia back into the war against Germany. The allies offered support of various kinds to the White Army. They provided money, equipment, troops and also advise. It seems that with such backing that the Whites should have been able to defeat the Reds; however it can be argued that the allies' efforts were half-hearted and insufficient to provide meaningful assistance to the White Army. ...read more.

Middle

As the White Army was composed from an amalgamation of different groups, there was much division within it, on the aims, strategies and ideal outcome of the war. Therefore the army was often divided on key issues and communication was at times extremely poor. The White Army also faced problems finding conscripts, had to fight on a long frontline and also were not supported by many peasants as they feared the loss of newly gained land under their control. Overall though it was the Whites lack of organisation, a key factor, which lead to their defeat. The White Army could not organise itself efficiently, due to certain points above, and hence much allied support was in vain. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also in the Reds favour was the allied intervention. In addition to resources gained, their involvement gave justification to the Bolsheviks as they were seen as patriotic, fighting off foreign interference. So although on the surface it appears that with the backing of the allies the Whites should have easily been able to defeat the Reds it is apparent that the support given was perhaps not adequate to influence the course of events. This teamed with the Whites lack of organisation, further limited the effect of the allied intervention, to the extent of even helping the enemy. The Red Army's set up and hence advantages also obviously worked against the favour of the Whites along with fact that they were seen as traitors by the people, which was initially caused by the allied intervention anyway. ...read more.

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