• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why the Whites despite allied intervention were unable to win the civil war.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain why the Whites despite allied intervention were unable to win the civil war. For a number of reasons the allies (Britain. France and America) offered support to the White Army, who opposed the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War. However even with the allied support the Whites did not manage to achieve victory. The main reasons for the allies' involvement were; to prevent communism, restore the tsarist system and to get Russia back into the war against Germany. The allies offered support of various kinds to the White Army. They provided money, equipment, troops and also advise. It seems that with such backing that the Whites should have been able to defeat the Reds; however it can be argued that the allies' efforts were half-hearted and insufficient to provide meaningful assistance to the White Army. ...read more.

Middle

As the White Army was composed from an amalgamation of different groups, there was much division within it, on the aims, strategies and ideal outcome of the war. Therefore the army was often divided on key issues and communication was at times extremely poor. The White Army also faced problems finding conscripts, had to fight on a long frontline and also were not supported by many peasants as they feared the loss of newly gained land under their control. Overall though it was the Whites lack of organisation, a key factor, which lead to their defeat. The White Army could not organise itself efficiently, due to certain points above, and hence much allied support was in vain. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also in the Reds favour was the allied intervention. In addition to resources gained, their involvement gave justification to the Bolsheviks as they were seen as patriotic, fighting off foreign interference. So although on the surface it appears that with the backing of the allies the Whites should have easily been able to defeat the Reds it is apparent that the support given was perhaps not adequate to influence the course of events. This teamed with the Whites lack of organisation, further limited the effect of the allied intervention, to the extent of even helping the enemy. The Red Army's set up and hence advantages also obviously worked against the favour of the Whites along with fact that they were seen as traitors by the people, which was initially caused by the allied intervention anyway. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. To what extent did the foreign intervention influence the outcome of the Spanish Civil ...

    Moreover, Germany and Italy did not play the most important role. Britain and the United States also played a major role in the Spanish Civil War just as Germany and Italy. Britain, by creating and signing the Non-Intervention Committee, avoided other country from supporting the Republicans who then lacked of weapons and troops to fight against the Nationalists.

  2. 'Generals win battles, resources win wars.' How far does your study of the period ...

    inevitable because of the huge resources America controlled. If one takes a look at the major wars between 1792-1919 in chronological order, one can see how, with the odd exception, the use of resources in each of the wars became increasingly important, and the importance of generals in battles decreased.

  1. To what extent was the Civil War the main factor in the Bolshevik

    exposed area and tried to convert their ideology and turn them against the Bolsheviks and they recognized this problem. "The Russian Soviet Republic surrounded on all sides by enemies, has to create its own powerful army to defend the country, while engaged in remaking its social system along communist lines"6.

  2. Why the Whites lost the Civil War of Russia.

    The Bolsheviks' victory could chiefly be attributed their superior understanding of modern warfare. They made a total war, a war which combined military operations with economic, psychological and other activities.

  1. Why did the Reds win the civil war

    Some were fighting for monarchism whereas others were fighting for republicanism. This meant organisation was difficult because here was not one common leader to unite the group as a whole. Another feature of the White army that contributed to them losing the war was their geographical location.

  2. Why did the Reds win and the Whites lose the civil war?

    Seeing as the Bolsheviks could have total control of their industry and that the Whites had no hope of this, their winning on this point was inevitable. Overall the Bolsheviks had more coherent military tactics, highly effective organisation and better still they had the support of the people since they

  1. Explain Why the White Armies Despite Allied Intervention Were Unable to win the Civil ...

    The use of the death penalty for deserters spread terror through the army and kept them united and focused on defeating the Whites. Trotsky had an unflagging spirit, which kept morale high throughout his army and convinced his soldiers that they would defeat the Whites.

  2. “Generals Win Battles, Resources Win Wars”. How Far Does Your Study of the Period ...

    The increasing need for a general to understand how resources could now more than ever affect the course of war would lead to the advent of the philosophy that whilst generals were responsible for individual victories, it was the availability and masterful usage of resources that would win a war.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work