• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why there were such different reactions in the USA to the country's involvement in the conflict in Vietnamin the 1960s?

Extracts from this document...


Explain why there were such different reactions in the USA to the country's involvement in the conflict in Vietnam in the 1960s? In the early sixties the American public opinion was very anti-communist thanks to conflict with Russia. This fear of communism was fuelled by the Domino Theory that said that if one country fell to communism so would all the surrounding countries. The country had also almost reached Nuclear War when the Cuban Missile Crisis occurred in 1962. The American public was very against the communist ideals and the cold war caused great patriotic feeling among the American people. The media coverage of the war was generally positive and very supportive of the American war effort. As the death count grew people started to ask themselves was this war really a war to defend freedom and democracy against Communist tyranny. ...read more.


The protests reached a peak in 1968, when the 'peaceniks' brandishing only 'flower power' exhorted everyone to 'make love, not war' The positive coverage of the war soon changed when the Vietcong planned a full frontal attack on the American forces striking 100 cities throughout the south of Vietnam. This onslaught was known as the Tet offensive. This attack changed the outlook on the war dramatically as it surprised the American public by its scale. From this point onwards the media started showing powerful images of the war. People started to find out the true horrors of the war as pictures such as the one of a American soldier cold bloodedly executing a member of the Vietcong in the middle of a Saigon street. As reports of atrocities spread the story of the My Lai massacre came about. The My Lai massacre occurred on the 16th March 1968 but was kept a secret until November1969. ...read more.


When the draft was introduced this caused huge upset among the youth forming the peace movement. When the black population were drafted to Vietnam, this caused upset among the civil rights movement. By the late sixties the majority of the American population was against the war but this was not all. There where still a minority of patriots who where resolutely behind the war. The Vietnam War was a part of history the public of the USA wanted to forget. From 1969 and with the election of a new president the American government became committed to ending the war. In 1971 a veteran's march in Washington was held where the soldiers ceremoniously disposed of their medals. The sixties was a time of change where the youth and the black population started to have there own say on politics and things that would have before been seen as being something that they weren't to be involved with. This change in the social structure formed the anti-war movement that ended the Vietnam War. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Arab-Israeli conflict.

    Progress towards peace however, was made. On 4 May 1994 the Gaza-Jericho agreement was signed in 1995 further talks began of what would be called the Oslo II agreement. This agreement led to the Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank.

  2. Free essay

    Why did the USA become involved in Vietnam in the 1950's and 1960's

    In February 1965, Vietcong forces attacked the US base at Pleiku. Then aircraft were destroyed, eight US advisors were killed and over a hundred others were wounded. But this wasn't enough to fight back. So to persuade congress, Johnson came up with the 'Gulf of Tonking' incident (July 1964).

  1. Is there sufficient evidence in sources A to F to explain why there was ...

    The use of Napalm alone was strongly opposed and added to the destruction of rainforests and spraying of chemicals caused massive opposition to the tactics being used to win the war. Americans thought the war, which at the time was costing them $20 billion year, was weakening an already fragile

  2. Is there sufficient evidence in Sources A to F to explain why there was ...

    Even so, the image alone is strong and simple enough for people at the time to feel that the war should stop in order to save innocent people from becoming victims of military attacks. Moreover, source C is about the opposition to the American presence in Vietnam, and it was written by Richard Hamer, an American journalist in 1970.

  1. IsThere Sufficient Evidence In Sources a-E To Explain Why There Was an Anti-WarMovement In ...

    The public would be outraged at the human cost for the war, and the terrible conditions, which their soldiers were thrown into, without enough training. This ultimately turned the people against the war, creating anti-war views and eventually to an anti-war movement.

  2. Explain why there were such different reactions in the USA to the country's involvement ...

    At this point, it was an obvious struggle for the Americans to win this war. Another turn of events that caused different reactions in the American community was when President Johnson did not seek re-election. The Republicans won the 1968 election and Richard Nixon became President.

  1. Why did the USA become involved in Vietnamin the 1950s and 1960s?

    This is one of the reasons why the USA got involved in Vietnam. They feared the spread of communism. This is stated in the dominos theory. This theory basically explains that if Vietnam were to turn communist then it would spread to Laos, Cambodia, and Thailand turning the whole of South East Asia communist.

  2. Is there sufficient evidence in Sources A-F to explain why there was an anti-war ...

    It is useful evidence to explain why there was an anti war movement because it agrees with the things I already know about the American soldiers. I know they were young and there was a high death rate. Their average age was 19 and 43% of soldiers died in the first three months.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work