• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explore and Evaluate the ways in which M.R. James constructs a sense of fear and terror in 'Oh, Whistle, and I'll Come to You, My Lad', 'The Ash Tree', 'Mr Humphreys and His Inheritance' and 'Number 13'

Extracts from this document...


Explore and Evaluate the ways in which M.R. James constructs a sense of fear and terror in 'Oh, Whistle, and I'll Come to You, My Lad', 'The Ash Tree', 'Mr Humphreys and His Inheritance' and 'Number 13' Montague Rhodes James (1862-1936), a scholar of high standard is considered by many to be the most effective writer of supernatural fiction that England has ever produced. At a very young age he took a special and unusual interest in antiquarian books which came to develop an intellectual interest with regards to the supernatural. Ramsey Campbell quotes, 'M.R. James was the most influential stylist in Britain of supernatural fiction.' 'Oh, Whistle, and I'll Come to You, My Lad' is about a professor called Parkins who is on holiday and he finds a whistle with Latin inscriptions on it outside a Templars church. He blows the whistle two times and starts to experience visions and other strange occurances. M.R. James begins to build up fear in the beginning of the story when he hints at the fact that Parkins is disturbed by the supernatural: 'I freely own that I do not like careless talk about what you call ghosts'. ...read more.


desiring gold). The strange globe at the centre of the maze has now changed with inscriptions of 'prince of darkness' and 'shadow of death.' Latin etchings can be quite frightening because of their connection with religion and the medieval world. This is the idea of perception that M.R. James includes, telling us that we see the world differently and how Mr Cooper and Humphreys differentiate temperatures when they touch the globe. The trees and their surroundings create a shadow by the reflected moonlight. There is a vague suggestion that the woods are seducing Mr Humphreys like the belief in the god Pan. The god Pan seduced people into the woods like Selene, the moon goddess. M.R. James describes the weather to represent the emotions of the characters and people's feelings however in this case how Humphreys is feeling; a dark ominous sign and a symbol of danger. This is called 'pathetic fallacy'. He describes a 'small Irish yew, thin and black....' The maze is using dark, featureless objects to defend itself, and it is getting closer to the house. "My secret is for me and the sons of house" (It seems that the maze is opening for Humphreys but not for the others like Lady Wardrop because he's a relative of the uncle.) ...read more.


The use of very descriptive adjectives do much to emphasize and illustrate the setting that Anderson finds himself in the 'quiet' is described as 'deadly'. Anderson's fears about number 13 come out when the door eventually opened, through which an arm emerged which clawed at Jensen's shoulder. Jensen's 'disgust a fright' is a contrasted with the low laugh of whatever demonic powers reside within number 13. The characters are desperate for a refuge from what is described as the 'devil's den' which relates to anti-Christianity. The discovery of the document in the conclusion is an attempt to explain the inexplicable. Quite naturally deeply disturbed by the events in the hotel, Anderson and Jensen believed to have found the answers within the phenomena. To there dismay however, they are unfamiliar with the language whether it is upside down or written in two different languages. There is a degree of tension therefore, the reader is left uncertain and without explanation concerning the events at the hotel. M.R. James constructs a sense of fear and terror by using themes of loneliness and isolation. In his childhood, he liked to be alone, reading old books and he relates this to how he isolates Mr Humphreys and Parkins. Other themes are intrusion, revenge and justice, witchcraft, perception, the 'Uncanny', superstition and trying to explain the inexplicable. ?? ?? ?? ?? Idris Malik 10NS ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. How do the poets in 'Charlotte O'Neils song' and 'Nothing Changed' show their feelings ...

    She is saying that it isn't the natural way of the world at all. By leaving England she can start a new life abroad where she will be able to have a better standard of living. The poet has explained some of the background to this poem.

  2. If only they could talk

    Pumphrey gives it. After checking tricky James Herriot is invited to take lunch by Mrs. Pumphrey. CHAPTER THIRTY-ONE: James is awake by a midnight call. Another case to attend at 3 am, on his way to check the sick animals he starts thinking about why he had chosen that career.

  1. arctic story

    It was very monotonous this journey. "Are you bored of this ice, and more ice?" I asked I already knew the answer to this ridiculous question but I was just trying to make conversation. "No I think that the ice is fun to look at, it has lots of different parts in it" James said in

  2. The Portrait of a Lady. Discuss James representations of 'places' for women in this ...

    The mechanisms of society simply expel Daisy when her behaviour no longer conforms. Winterbourne still attempts to correlate Daisy's behaviour with what she is, to read her as a sign and make sense of her. If he could succeed, Daisy could be saved, but his attempt, finally aided by another man, comes too late.

  1. Analyse the ways in which Shakespeare dramatises his exploration of the idea of leadership ...

    Everything he asks his men to do, he is not afraid to do himself. It is these vital components of leadership that enabled the English to win the battle of Agincourt. The French appeared the overwhelming favourites because they had a large and well-trained army and were on home territory,

  2. Personal and Imaginative writing: Ghost Story.

    He suggested kindly, trying to put her mind at ease. "O.K, but how are you going to open the door, when the whole place is locked up?" Rachel asked. "I'm not sure. I suppose if the worst comes to the worst, I can always smash the glass in a downstairs window.

  1. War Story.

    He stopped, thinking about it. No, he thought, I must carry on. For James. He was getting closer to the point were he would actually have to fight with the enemy now. He was getting so frightened now. All around him, there were bodies scattered all over the floor.

  2. Joe - creative writing.

    I replied lets open the cage and see. I opened the cage and removed the first floor and Joe was laying in a sleeping position. I asked James if he wanted to touch Joe and he replied no. I picked up Joe in my hands and there was no movement.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work