• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Features of Fascism

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Natalie Baynham What are the features of Fascism? Understanding the features of fascism is something of a challenge and difficult to specifically define due to its changing philosophy. Fascism was first conceived as a consequence of World War One and was determined to solve political, social and economical problems with practical solutions. Its creator Benito Mussolini a former socialist wanted a rebirth of Italy and return the state to its previous Empiric glory with him being a latter-day Emperor. Many think of early fascism as a group of thugs who terrorised their opponents and were involved in organised street crime. This essay will be examining the main features of fascism, features that are portrayed in Mussolini's occupation of Prime Minister and his campaign to spread fascism. Generally, the supporters of fascism were ex-soldiers who felt bitterness towards the liberal government for their non-patriotic attitude towards war. However, a mix of people and ages from various backgrounds saw the qualities in Mussolini and supported the fascists. The mix of supporters ranged from disgruntled peasants and small shopkeepers to a few great industrialists and lower-class professionals. All supporters, although expecting different things, had one predominate idea in common; their love for Italy. ...read more.

Middle

Many fascist believed they lay between the workings of the political system and their former radical ideas for a revolution. It boiled down to a struggle between two ideas, the first a radical revolution supported by the ras, particularly Farinacci who hoped for a radical revolution, to replace non-fascist intuitions with fascist one, to make Italy a one party state with banned opposition, for fascist syndicates to control the media and for a strong government to deal with enemies. The second, normalisation supported by the Nationalist Party, Industrialists and landlords. The industrialists and landlords were extremely wealthy and provided a financial backbone for the fascists. Mussolini realised that he couldn't risk losing the support of the industrialists and landlords and so opted for the programme of normalisation. However, in 1922 Mussolini ad made it into office as yet another coalition Prime Minister aware that there were those who doubted his capability. This made him all the more determined to succeed and a strong coalition government. At first Mussolini found the fascism acceptance difficult with only 32 fascist deputies in the Chamber of 535. Henceforward the National Government was created that consisted mostly of non-fascists. ...read more.

Conclusion

Military victory was key to pushing Italy up the success scale of Europe. Indeed, historians such as Denis Mack-Smith and Eric Hobsbawm argue that from the off-set fascist ideology was a difficult task to define. Denis Mack-Smith in 'Mussolini' (1982) argues that fascist ideas were confused and inconsistent. Also, he states that, the essence of fascism was action and the attempts to provide a fascist philosophy were not the source for political activity but merely an attempt to justify what had been done at an opportunistic level. After examining of the Features of Fascism the conclusion has been met that there are no particularly clear features of fascism except the idea of nationalism. Due to changing personal ideals and political policies Mussolini himself has hindered the definition of the party. Unlike other dictators such as Hitler, Mussolini didn't ever lay a clear set of aims and policies on the political agenda which confused the fascist ideology. However, Fascism can certainly describe a ring-wing movement in the 1920s and 1930s, where its origins stemmed from the First World War. It is justified to state that even the homeland was unclear on its government's policies and probably, to a certain degree, Mussolini didn't understand the true aims of his party, except his greed for success and glory. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. How had Mussolini achieved the ideal Fascist state by 1939.

    Though the King Victor Emmanuel did not oppose a threat on Mussolini; he was never asked advice and only told what Mussolini wanted him to hear. Luckily for Mussolini the King had always distanced himself from all domestic policy and by the late 1920s it has become apparent the King would not overthrow Mussolini and the Fascists.

  2. How Successfully did Mussolini Consolidate Fascist Power between 1922 and 1925?

    It has been suggested that Mussolini's Fascist dictatorship came to become more of a personal one in the years of consolidation. In many ways it is true that Mussolini manipulated the Fascist party to consolidate his own power but surely any power he gained would assist the Fascist party, of which he was head, to become a dictatorship.

  1. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    of an army at Jena of about 165,000 men difficult to achieve. * Even then Napoleon did not establish a permanent staff to share command. He continued to tell his marshals what to do, and they continued to do it.

  2. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    These were the Provisional Government, which was made up of the Duma politicians, and the Soviets of soldiers and workers deputies, set up by the people of Russia and headed by the socialist parties. It was because of this fact that the term "dual power" is used to describe this period of Russian history.

  1. Explain how Mussolini was able both to obtain office and to consolidate his power ...

    The electorate was also vastly reduced from around ten million Italians to around three million of the richest Italians (primarily Mussolini's electorate), to ensure the democratic nature of government did not impede upon his totalitarianism. Furthermore, local government was all but abolished - elected town councils and mayors disbanded, and

  2. To What Extent Was The Failure Of The Socialist Movement Responsible For Bringing Mussolini ...

    The Liberal government had proved in Fiume that they were weak and could not stand up to violence, and this again proved to be the case. They could not stand up to Mussolini's overly-exaggerated strength, and this turned many

  1. Soviet State

    Rather than giving livestock to collective farms, peasants killed their animals. In five years, 46% of cattle, 46% of horses and 65% of sheep were lost. * Materials standards of living declined sharply in towns, but even more in the countryside so much so that Alec Nove wrote: "1933 was

  2. Benito Mussolini.

    The ruling elite felt he might be able to set up a strong government and stability, and so Mussolini achieved what he wanted. The first step towards dictatorship was taken. In 1923 he then passed the Acerbo Law, which replaced the old electoral system.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work