• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

FRench revolution

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The French Revolution not only transformed the ancient regime France, but led to revolutionary change in Europe. Discuss In this essay, I am going to identify the key causes of the French Revolution and assess what the key impacts of the revolution and wars had on Europe between. (1789-1815). One of the main starting points of the French revolution is that of the 14th July 1789, where one of France's most infamous prison was stormed in Paris. This prison was called the Bastille; this is a French word what basically means "castle" or "stronghold". This is suggested by many historians, that this was the downfall of the 'ancien regime' simply meaning the old order and the start of the French revolution. One might think that this was the only factor but in fact it was one of many. In fact the starting point of the revolution was expected and was because of how France was governed politically; simply meaning who was the one in charge of affairs in the country. There were also social and economic factors; a major economic factor was the taxation system, this system was both disorganized and unsuccessful. ...read more.

Middle

But this wasn't only the financial crisis that contributed to the revolution of 1789; the economical crisis also played a major part. The French economy largely based on agriculture and had good harvests between the 1730's and 1770's. The good harvests allowed France to have additional food stores. However during the 1780's this soon came to an end because France was hit by a number of disastrous harvests. These bad harvests happened in 1778-79.There were bad harvests in 1781-82, 1785-86 and 1787. France had not seen the worst yet, their worst harvest was to happen in 1788 during a very wet spring and freak hailstones in many areas of July thus resulting in a bad harvest. The major effect this had on the French was massive unemployment. The bad harvests of 1787 and 1788 did in fact lead to fears of starvation. This caused the peasants to journey in to the towns in order to find food. These men were furious and wound soon form part of the angry crowds of Paris prior to the revolution. In 1789, due to the major economic and social crisis, was the start of the beginning of the revolution. ...read more.

Conclusion

There were also territorial impacts of the revolution. The revolution changed the way in which Europe looked; France had a vast amount of territory during the revolutionary war (1792-1801). This war had major changes on the European continent. In Italy, the city states of Genoa and Venice never recovered and independent existence, Austria lost control of Belgium and the Holy Empire was abolished. The French revolution drastically changed the way countries were governed and aimed to allow every citizen to have equal rights. The system in France and other countries in France where governed by and absolute monarchy, the system in France and a system of government with three class systems with the first two gaining special privileges from tax and gained special benefits from the King. The revolution wasn't going to be a French panic for very long as these ideas were going to spread into neighbouring countries and affect their absolutist monarchies. The enlightenment thinkers really started the revolution although not intentionally, these were a group of French thinkers who emerged but didn't want revolution, they only wanted to spread their ideas although many saw them as ideal these men were known as Voltaire, Montesquieu, Diderot and Rousseau. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Major Causes of French Revolution

    4 star(s)

    Louis was extremely unhappy and dismissed Calonne in 1787 and was replaced by Brienne. Brienne knew that if a tax was ever going to work he had to get an agreement of the Parliament of Paris. This was the Paris Law Court controlled by nobles.

  2. What impact did war have on the French Revolution 1789-1799?

    of Paris, a more planned economy and measures introduced in order to win the war.

  1. How did the National Constituent Assembly reform France between 1789 and 1791?

    The financial crisis had led to the sale of Church lands and helped forge a link between the class of land proprietors and the revolution. The bourgeoisie had therefore invested in the revolution by purchasing church lands. Once more, in line with the belief in liberty, equality and popular sovereignty,

  2. Leni Riefenstahl The Propagandist or Artist? A Historiographical Debate.

    as skilful representations of the human body. * She always claimed she approached her work as an artist, not politically. * Riefenstahl's films had great artistic value and the cult of the body was common all over Europe, not just in Nazi Germany.

  1. In the process of consolidating his position, Napoleons reforms, had by 1808, destroyed the ...

    Consequently, the needs of the children would not have been met - they should have had the right to a good education, but they were not entitled to this, this impacted on the amount of liberty and equality they possessed; especially the ordinary people, who Napoleon believed needed only a simple 'moral education' and basic literacy and numeracy.

  2. To what extent was the failure of the constitutional monarchy caused by the French ...

    would reinstate him to his previous position of power. France declared war on April 20th 1792. I would not agree that failure was inevitable from the French declaration of war. However without the war being underway Louis would not have put himself in such a compromising position, with regard to his contact and support for Austria.

  1. Notes and Reading on the causes of the French Revolution.

    Main thing bothering the rich people was that they didn?t want to pay taxes, Main thing bothering the poor people was that they didn?t want to have to pay tariffs and taxes and little expenditures. The nobles wanted to still have the status that they had become accustomed to.

  2. How important were the financial problems of the French Crown in bringing about the ...

    It was highly important in the development of economy, making its failure salient as a long term cause of the revolution. ________________ The French economy was largely based on agriculture, which had grown steadily between the 1730s and the 1770s.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work