• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

FRench revolution

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The French Revolution not only transformed the ancient regime France, but led to revolutionary change in Europe. Discuss In this essay, I am going to identify the key causes of the French Revolution and assess what the key impacts of the revolution and wars had on Europe between. (1789-1815). One of the main starting points of the French revolution is that of the 14th July 1789, where one of France's most infamous prison was stormed in Paris. This prison was called the Bastille; this is a French word what basically means "castle" or "stronghold". This is suggested by many historians, that this was the downfall of the 'ancien regime' simply meaning the old order and the start of the French revolution. One might think that this was the only factor but in fact it was one of many. In fact the starting point of the revolution was expected and was because of how France was governed politically; simply meaning who was the one in charge of affairs in the country. There were also social and economic factors; a major economic factor was the taxation system, this system was both disorganized and unsuccessful. ...read more.

Middle

But this wasn't only the financial crisis that contributed to the revolution of 1789; the economical crisis also played a major part. The French economy largely based on agriculture and had good harvests between the 1730's and 1770's. The good harvests allowed France to have additional food stores. However during the 1780's this soon came to an end because France was hit by a number of disastrous harvests. These bad harvests happened in 1778-79.There were bad harvests in 1781-82, 1785-86 and 1787. France had not seen the worst yet, their worst harvest was to happen in 1788 during a very wet spring and freak hailstones in many areas of July thus resulting in a bad harvest. The major effect this had on the French was massive unemployment. The bad harvests of 1787 and 1788 did in fact lead to fears of starvation. This caused the peasants to journey in to the towns in order to find food. These men were furious and wound soon form part of the angry crowds of Paris prior to the revolution. In 1789, due to the major economic and social crisis, was the start of the beginning of the revolution. ...read more.

Conclusion

There were also territorial impacts of the revolution. The revolution changed the way in which Europe looked; France had a vast amount of territory during the revolutionary war (1792-1801). This war had major changes on the European continent. In Italy, the city states of Genoa and Venice never recovered and independent existence, Austria lost control of Belgium and the Holy Empire was abolished. The French revolution drastically changed the way countries were governed and aimed to allow every citizen to have equal rights. The system in France and other countries in France where governed by and absolute monarchy, the system in France and a system of government with three class systems with the first two gaining special privileges from tax and gained special benefits from the King. The revolution wasn't going to be a French panic for very long as these ideas were going to spread into neighbouring countries and affect their absolutist monarchies. The enlightenment thinkers really started the revolution although not intentionally, these were a group of French thinkers who emerged but didn't want revolution, they only wanted to spread their ideas although many saw them as ideal these men were known as Voltaire, Montesquieu, Diderot and Rousseau. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Major Causes of French Revolution

    4 star(s)

    "Since the Estates-General's first meeting there has been nothing but useless argument....the three estates differ on every point. The king favored the clergy or nobility.... violence may be the only way to save the monarchy."2 When the king tried, on June 20th, 1789, to break up the meeting, the Third

  2. How did the National Constituent Assembly reform France between 1789 and 1791?

    The financial crisis had led to the sale of Church lands and helped forge a link between the class of land proprietors and the revolution. The bourgeoisie had therefore invested in the revolution by purchasing church lands. Once more, in line with the belief in liberty, equality and popular sovereignty,

  1. In the process of consolidating his position, Napoleons reforms, had by 1808, destroyed the ...

    two Consuls so that he achieved all he wanted and they served no purpose but as mascots of the supposed fairness of the Constitution. D.M.G Sutherland claimed that "The Empire paid only lip service to democracy" - this was proved by Napoleon's unjust way of retaining power through the Constitution of 1799.

  2. What impact did war have on the French Revolution 1789-1799?

    seize power, as they did with the Girondins in June 1793, portraying them as traitors to France due to their former cooperation with the King and many of their leaders deserting to the Austrians. The war was going so badly and was against such odds that the Jacobins knew that order must be laid out in the country.

  1. Russian Revolution Sources Questions

    Source I gives the impression to be wary of Stalin, as does Source J, and that he was a man to keep away from and a serious threat to the party. His plans were cunning and he would not be afraid to kill them all to get his power, as he almost did with Snowball in Source I.

  2. How important were the financial problems of the French Crown in bringing about the ...

    However, the weather of the 1780s brought this period of agricultural prosperity to an end, with the disasters climaxing in 1788, when wet springs and freak hail storms in the summer caused a poor harvest.

  1. To what extent was the failure of the constitutional monarchy caused by the French ...

    would reinstate him to his previous position of power. France declared war on April 20th 1792. I would not agree that failure was inevitable from the French declaration of war. However without the war being underway Louis would not have put himself in such a compromising position, with regard to his contact and support for Austria.

  2. Public health in the 18th Century

    Most taxpayers were local businessmen and landlords, this did not appeal to them at all as they could not see how improving this would benefit them selves. There was also the planning side of towns and cities. They were built in such a way that there would be no room

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work