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German invasion of France.

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History Coursework A.) Germany wasn't impressed with the idea of fighting on two fronts against France (west) and Russia (east). So Germany came up with a plan which would stop them from fighting a two front war. The aim was to defeat France in six weeks because they estimated that's how long it would take for the Russians to mobilise. To defeat the French, the Germans were going to go through neutral Belgium as the French were expecting them to attack straight over the border, which is where most of the French troops were. The Germans weren't expecting much resistance from the Belgians because the German outnumbered the Belgian army 10:1. Germany took a gamble to invade Belgium because of the treaty of the 1830's that didn't let them invade Belgium. While in Belgium the aim was to capture all the ports so the British couldn't cross to help out the Allies. The next move was to go around the back entrance to Paris and capture the capital by surprise. After defeating the French, the plan was to use their very efficient railway system to transport the troops to the east the fight the Russians. B.) The Schlieffen plan had failed due to the heroics of the Allies. ...read more.


They blasted through the enemy lines so quick that the infantry could not keep up. But by 1918, the German forces had invented armour-piercing machine-gun bullets, which they used to deadly effect. They had also adapted field guns to fire at tanks. In conclusion the Tank wasn't a big factor in the breaking of the stalemate because of its lack of success. The machine was too slow, unreliable and not very manoeuvrable but it was a great boost for morale in the British camp. The American entry into the war was one of the key factors in breaking the stalemate. America was officially neutral but was supplying the Allies with loans and equipment. It was the German U-Boat's patrolling the Atlantic that was catching the eye of the American leaders. The Germans orders were to destroy anything suspected of carrying any supplies. The U-Boat attacks had killed many civilians travelling on passenger ships, America seemed to turn a blind eye to these attacks. It was the final straw when the USA discovered that Germany hoped to ally with Mexico and take out USA because of the damage they could inflict on Germany. USA declared war on Germany on 1 April 1917. Another key factor in breaking the stalemate was the British blockade. ...read more.


They also came up against well-led and well-equipped Allied troops. The Blockade has also prevented the Germans from making more technological improvements. In conclusion, I think the last three points were the most effective in breaking the stalemate because the Tank wasn't much of a success. It only boosted the morale of the troops, but the unreliability of the machine let it down. In this day and age, the Tank is one of the best and deadliest machines about, because of the improvements made to it; the tank is much faster, more reliable and is more manoeuvrable. The USA entering the war was a good move for the Allies but for Germany it was like waking a sleeping giant. USA had the money, the resources and the men to wipe Germany out. The second factor that broke the stalemate is the British Blockading of German ports, this starved the countries economy and starved them of supplies, it reduced German trade from $5.9billion to just $0.8billion from 1914 to 1918 so all in all this tactic was a big success The last point really finished off Germany, it was the 'Lundendorff offensive'. The German Army was falling apart, the discipline wasn't there and they weren't as strong, the Allies took advantage and finished them off after the success of the offensive. The loss of men was too high for Germany. ...read more.

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