• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Have powers from outside the Middle East helped or hindered the search for a resolution to the Arab-Israeli Conflict since 1948?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Have powers from outside the Middle East helped or hindered the search for a resolution to the Arab-Israeli Conflict since 1948? Since 1948 many countries became involved in the conflict, namely Britain, France, the USA, Russia and the UN. One of the main reasons for this was oil in the Middle East and interest from France and Britain. The USA and Russia were involved because of the Cold War conflict. Britain's early actions didn't help peace as most agree that Britain's actions led to the 1948 War of Independence; and agreement with the Jews. When Britain needed help in WW1 the promised to help back the Jews and Arabs but the British could not satisfy both. In 1946 too many Jews were beginning to move in, as any Jew in the world was welcome. Britain decided to restrict Jewish entry, which was met by Jewish rioting. Attempting to bail out of a difficult situation, Britain asked the help of the UN and quickly pulled out, leaving behind a mess. Britain's next main incentive to get involved in the Middle East was the Suez Canal on the Mediterranean Sea. ...read more.

Middle

The UN suggested Israel give back the land it had gained but this was of course declined. But in 1973 the UN's main contribution to the peace came: they declared a ceasefire. An agreement was signed between Egypt and Israel and a peace-keeping force was sent to the area and also the Lebanon in the 1980s. This act of peace-keeping was a major redeeming feature in the UN's performance in the conflict. I think that previously, the UN's actions showed that they didn't understand the opinions on the conflict if the Arabs and Israelis, but a peace agreement was the right step to take in the search for peace. Russia was the main super-power that had an effect on the conflict. During the cold war Russia supplied Arab states with weapons which of course didn't encourage peace. When the Six Day War broke out, Russia sided with the Arabs and broke off diplomatic relations with Israel. Countries from outside taking sides caused problems in almost all cases in the conflict. Soon after the PLO was started, Russia backed the terrorism. ...read more.

Conclusion

An attempt to control peace amongst terrorist groups (mainly PLO) in 1983 went wrong when 146 were killed in an attack on their base in the Lebanon. After the Gulf War and the collapse of the Soviet Union, the USA was left with the most control over the conflict. President Clinton offered Yasser Arafat a deal which seemed too good be true (as mentioned in question 2) but he declined. To clear things up, Clinton brokers another agreement but Baruk loses an election and the new leader Sharon is swept to power. He is a violent man. To this day the USA has seemed biased towards the Israelis and most believe they were not forceful enough. All in all the USA has done the best job in the search for peace, mainly because of their control, but early on when Russia had similar control over the conflict, they acted very badly in trying to resolve the conflict. Britain's involvement wasn't as influential as the super-powers' but generally they were unhelpful and left a sticky situation to the UN. Other than the UN's poor decision to introduce a partition, they acted well and the ceasefire was an important step. Alex Hawthorne 11S 18 November 2002 History Coursework Mrs Allan ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. American History.

    - Strategically, the deal was a major dream, but there was the ever-annoying question: was it Constitutional for Jefferson to buy the land [didn't say in Constitution that Presidents could buy land]? Jefferson considered amending the Constitution for it, but decided the President's implied powers were enough.

  2. The Arab-Israeli conflict.

    Altercation and rows between the two parties were ignited. Britain thought a solution to the dilemma was restricting immigration; however this was dropped by the government. Immigration to Palestine increased when the Nazis in Germany took over. For those Jews escaping Nazi harassment Palestine was not just a homeland but also a place of safety.

  1. The Arab-Israeli conflict 1956, 1967 and 1973.

    After an Israeli tractor ploughed Syrian land and was opened fire on to, the Israelis' air force bombed the Syrian guns and shot down six Syrian fighter planes sent to attack them. The USSR, being a close ally of the Arabs and Syria in particular, stepped in when Israel threatened

  2. Despite the Camp David agreement the conflict between the Arabs and the Israelis has ...

    was reached between the PLO and Israel. The Hamas, a Palestinian fundamentalist group, which was formed in 1988, however, was all set to kill in the name of the Arab cause especially after the Intifada and carried out regular suicide bombings and attacks on Israeli soldiers and civilians alike.

  1. The Arab Israeli Conflict -

    called it, the future of Israel was secured, although the threat of war was by no means eradicated, yet the Jews could now extend their territories and absorb the Palestine areas which still existed. The Israelis eradicated the traces of Arab settlement in their areas by destroying the local governments, obliterating local villages and massacring thousands of innocent Palestinians.

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    It set up roadblocks, checkpoints, and observation posts, interdicting approximately ten guerrilla patrols per month heading toward Israel. When UNIFIL apprehended Palestinian guerrillas, it confiscated their weapons but usually returned them later to PLO leaders. UNIFIL paid a price for performing its mission, however; between 1978 and 1982, thirty-six UNIFIL members were killed in action.

  1. The Arab Israeli Conflict - source related study.

    The UN troops were there for maintaining peace in an area that was in high tension so obviously their withdrawal made it easier for war to start but we cannot say that the war would not have started when they were there because the tension between the two sides was growing.

  2. The Arab-Israeli conflict.

    Source B is from a statement made to the United Nations (UN) in 1961, written by Mrs Golda Meir, Israel's foreign minister. It gives an Israeli view of the Arab exodus in 1948. Source B was written to justify the attack to the UN.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work