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Henry VII achieved the aims of his foreign policy. Comment

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Introduction

Henry VII achieved the aims of his foreign policy. Comment H enry VII thought an effective foreign policy was essential in the governing and security of the realm. Henry believed that a good foreign policy meant security, recognition and prosperity. Security: Henry thought it very important to prevent other powers from harbouring pretenders to the English throne. Recognition: the beginning of the new Tudor dynasty had to be accepted over seas. This gave Henry a secure position on his throne and the family marriages in Spain and Scotland were vital in his process to achieve international respectability. Prosperity: Henry knew that a rich king was better respected than a poor one. He was anxious to fill his pockets with foreign money and improve the trading of England's merchants. A successful example of this being the treaty of Etaples in 1492 with France giving Henry a �5000 pension paid to him every year for the rest of his reign. Henry VII had several areas that he needed to concentrate on in order to prevent any clashes with foreign powers: France, Spain, Burgundy, Scotland and Ireland. Each had its own problems, which Henry was quick to resolve, and in some cases, make money from. ...read more.

Middle

In a revival of the League of Cambrai, the Pope, Louis XII of France, Emperor Maximillian, Charles of Burgundy and Ferdinand of Aragon had joined against Venice. Yet again England is left out and isolated, leaving Henry very safe indeed. E arly in the 15th Century, Burgundy had established itself as independent from France and in 1435 allied itself with Yorkist England. Edward IV had strengthened the alliance in the 1460's. This alliance was useful to Edward as Burgundy helped him take control of England after hearing that France had sided with the Lancastrians and wanted to incorporate Burgundy back into France. Burgundy continued to support the house of York providing a safe place for Yorkist pretenders to seek refuge whilst gathering support to take the throne of England. Margaret of Burgundy was the key figure in these actions. A wealthy and powerful woman, she provided the financial backing for pretenders, two particular individuals who had substantial backing from her were Lambert Simnel and Perkin Warbeck. The Treaty of Windsor was signed between Philip of Burgundy and Henry VII. The treaty meant that Henry would recognise Philip and his wife Joanna King and Queen of Castile. In return, Henry would marry Philip and Joanna's daughter solidifying the relationship between the two countries. ...read more.

Conclusion

Later in 1509, complete control if Ireland was returned to the Irish. T o conclude, all of Henry's frankly brilliant foreign policies were a success. In France he had prevented them from harbouring rebels and pretenders to the throne, he also got a �5000 pension from them each year with the Treaty of Etaples. Spain was a similar situation, a powerful country that would be dangerous if made an enemy. Peace by marriage between Catherine of Aragon and Henry VIII was successful and once more Spain could not provide refuge for pretenders to Henry's throne. Yorkist Burgundy was kept away with the Treaty of Windsor and Scotland was kept at peace with the Treaty of Ayton, which included the section where they could not harbour pretenders or rebels. Ireland, a vast expanse of countryside ideal for Yorkists to hide in was not such a success as Henry was unable to establish control over it. However, he had insured the loyalty of the Desmond, Kildare and Ormund families by pardoning the Earl of Kildare after he ignored the arrival of Perkin Warbeck to his shores. All told, Henry was at peace with Europe, Ireland and Scotland through various treaties, marriages and truces. He was also somewhat isolated from the rest of Europe, but was this advantageous? He was left alone to do his own business and did not concern the major powers on the continent. ...read more.

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