• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Henry VII achieved the aims of his foreign policy. Comment

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Henry VII achieved the aims of his foreign policy. Comment H enry VII thought an effective foreign policy was essential in the governing and security of the realm. Henry believed that a good foreign policy meant security, recognition and prosperity. Security: Henry thought it very important to prevent other powers from harbouring pretenders to the English throne. Recognition: the beginning of the new Tudor dynasty had to be accepted over seas. This gave Henry a secure position on his throne and the family marriages in Spain and Scotland were vital in his process to achieve international respectability. Prosperity: Henry knew that a rich king was better respected than a poor one. He was anxious to fill his pockets with foreign money and improve the trading of England's merchants. A successful example of this being the treaty of Etaples in 1492 with France giving Henry a �5000 pension paid to him every year for the rest of his reign. Henry VII had several areas that he needed to concentrate on in order to prevent any clashes with foreign powers: France, Spain, Burgundy, Scotland and Ireland. Each had its own problems, which Henry was quick to resolve, and in some cases, make money from. ...read more.

Middle

In a revival of the League of Cambrai, the Pope, Louis XII of France, Emperor Maximillian, Charles of Burgundy and Ferdinand of Aragon had joined against Venice. Yet again England is left out and isolated, leaving Henry very safe indeed. E arly in the 15th Century, Burgundy had established itself as independent from France and in 1435 allied itself with Yorkist England. Edward IV had strengthened the alliance in the 1460's. This alliance was useful to Edward as Burgundy helped him take control of England after hearing that France had sided with the Lancastrians and wanted to incorporate Burgundy back into France. Burgundy continued to support the house of York providing a safe place for Yorkist pretenders to seek refuge whilst gathering support to take the throne of England. Margaret of Burgundy was the key figure in these actions. A wealthy and powerful woman, she provided the financial backing for pretenders, two particular individuals who had substantial backing from her were Lambert Simnel and Perkin Warbeck. The Treaty of Windsor was signed between Philip of Burgundy and Henry VII. The treaty meant that Henry would recognise Philip and his wife Joanna King and Queen of Castile. In return, Henry would marry Philip and Joanna's daughter solidifying the relationship between the two countries. ...read more.

Conclusion

Later in 1509, complete control if Ireland was returned to the Irish. T o conclude, all of Henry's frankly brilliant foreign policies were a success. In France he had prevented them from harbouring rebels and pretenders to the throne, he also got a �5000 pension from them each year with the Treaty of Etaples. Spain was a similar situation, a powerful country that would be dangerous if made an enemy. Peace by marriage between Catherine of Aragon and Henry VIII was successful and once more Spain could not provide refuge for pretenders to Henry's throne. Yorkist Burgundy was kept away with the Treaty of Windsor and Scotland was kept at peace with the Treaty of Ayton, which included the section where they could not harbour pretenders or rebels. Ireland, a vast expanse of countryside ideal for Yorkists to hide in was not such a success as Henry was unable to establish control over it. However, he had insured the loyalty of the Desmond, Kildare and Ormund families by pardoning the Earl of Kildare after he ignored the arrival of Perkin Warbeck to his shores. All told, Henry was at peace with Europe, Ireland and Scotland through various treaties, marriages and truces. He was also somewhat isolated from the rest of Europe, but was this advantageous? He was left alone to do his own business and did not concern the major powers on the continent. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Essay: How serious was the Yorkist threat to Henry VII?

    James eventually abandons the pretender. Unable to return to the Netherlands under the Magnus Intercursus Warbeck tired Ireland again, only to be refused support by the loyal Earl of Kildare. In a final attempt to invade England Warbeck tried to exploit the angry feeling towards Henry in Cornwall, and although

  2. How far did Henry VIII achieve his aims 1509 - 1514?

    Henry VIII had a very different attitude, as he was far more interested in proving himself a great warrior and gaining glory than worrying about money. So, in this respect he was very different from his father. Henry VIII was also very different in matters of government and finance.

  1. Were the pretenders a serious threat to Henry VII's throne?

    at a major disadvantage, being the second to try and over throw the throne. Even though the points made beforehand show whether the pretenders were a serious threat to the throne or not, the general situation at the time also needs to be considered, whether Henry over-reacted, or if there was a true danger.

  2. Henry VIII'S Foreign Policy.

    Instead, after 1526, Wolsey hoped to use French ambitions to destroy Habsburg power in Italy and either break Charles V's power over the pope or, at the very least, to cajole the Emperor into negotiations. This is partly why Henry VIII became sponsor of the anti-Hapsburg League of Cognac after

  1. "An exercise in Dynastic Consolidation" - How far is this an accurate description of ...

    So his foreign policy here in terms of dynastic consolidation was very important, as if a pretender had support from France this would cause major problems. So to deter France from war Henry tried to find as many allies as possible.

  2. Securing the Tudor Dynasty: The Reign of Henry VII.

    Do you agree that foreign support was the central reason why Henry VII was able to 'secure the throne'? Explain your answer, using the sources and your own knowledge. I am not in total agreement with this statement, although foreign support can be seen to aid Henry, by not supporting pretenders.

  1. How far was Philip II successful in achieving his aims in his Foreign Policy?

    Overall, France was a failure as Philip failed in his aims to prevent the spreading of Protestantism, and by signing the Edict of Nantes and allowing a Protestant king on the thrown he ensured that France was a failure in his Foreign Policy.

  2. How successful was Henry VII in securing international recognition in the years 1485 to ...

    Secondly, Henry ensured that he included dynastic recognition in all the important treaties that he signed for example, The Treaty of Estaples. Henry had announced his intentions of asserting his claim to the French crown and sent commissioners to collect a forced loan when the loss of Brittany was clear in the summer of 1491.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work