• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Henry VII achieved the aims of his foreign policy. Comment

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Henry VII achieved the aims of his foreign policy. Comment H enry VII thought an effective foreign policy was essential in the governing and security of the realm. Henry believed that a good foreign policy meant security, recognition and prosperity. Security: Henry thought it very important to prevent other powers from harbouring pretenders to the English throne. Recognition: the beginning of the new Tudor dynasty had to be accepted over seas. This gave Henry a secure position on his throne and the family marriages in Spain and Scotland were vital in his process to achieve international respectability. Prosperity: Henry knew that a rich king was better respected than a poor one. He was anxious to fill his pockets with foreign money and improve the trading of England's merchants. A successful example of this being the treaty of Etaples in 1492 with France giving Henry a �5000 pension paid to him every year for the rest of his reign. Henry VII had several areas that he needed to concentrate on in order to prevent any clashes with foreign powers: France, Spain, Burgundy, Scotland and Ireland. Each had its own problems, which Henry was quick to resolve, and in some cases, make money from. ...read more.

Middle

In a revival of the League of Cambrai, the Pope, Louis XII of France, Emperor Maximillian, Charles of Burgundy and Ferdinand of Aragon had joined against Venice. Yet again England is left out and isolated, leaving Henry very safe indeed. E arly in the 15th Century, Burgundy had established itself as independent from France and in 1435 allied itself with Yorkist England. Edward IV had strengthened the alliance in the 1460's. This alliance was useful to Edward as Burgundy helped him take control of England after hearing that France had sided with the Lancastrians and wanted to incorporate Burgundy back into France. Burgundy continued to support the house of York providing a safe place for Yorkist pretenders to seek refuge whilst gathering support to take the throne of England. Margaret of Burgundy was the key figure in these actions. A wealthy and powerful woman, she provided the financial backing for pretenders, two particular individuals who had substantial backing from her were Lambert Simnel and Perkin Warbeck. The Treaty of Windsor was signed between Philip of Burgundy and Henry VII. The treaty meant that Henry would recognise Philip and his wife Joanna King and Queen of Castile. In return, Henry would marry Philip and Joanna's daughter solidifying the relationship between the two countries. ...read more.

Conclusion

Later in 1509, complete control if Ireland was returned to the Irish. T o conclude, all of Henry's frankly brilliant foreign policies were a success. In France he had prevented them from harbouring rebels and pretenders to the throne, he also got a �5000 pension from them each year with the Treaty of Etaples. Spain was a similar situation, a powerful country that would be dangerous if made an enemy. Peace by marriage between Catherine of Aragon and Henry VIII was successful and once more Spain could not provide refuge for pretenders to Henry's throne. Yorkist Burgundy was kept away with the Treaty of Windsor and Scotland was kept at peace with the Treaty of Ayton, which included the section where they could not harbour pretenders or rebels. Ireland, a vast expanse of countryside ideal for Yorkists to hide in was not such a success as Henry was unable to establish control over it. However, he had insured the loyalty of the Desmond, Kildare and Ormund families by pardoning the Earl of Kildare after he ignored the arrival of Perkin Warbeck to his shores. All told, Henry was at peace with Europe, Ireland and Scotland through various treaties, marriages and truces. He was also somewhat isolated from the rest of Europe, but was this advantageous? He was left alone to do his own business and did not concern the major powers on the continent. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Essay: How serious was the Yorkist threat to Henry VII?

    James eventually abandons the pretender. Unable to return to the Netherlands under the Magnus Intercursus Warbeck tired Ireland again, only to be refused support by the loyal Earl of Kildare. In a final attempt to invade England Warbeck tried to exploit the angry feeling towards Henry in Cornwall, and although

  2. How far did Henry VIII achieve his aims 1509 - 1514?

    Henry VIII had a very different attitude, as he was far more interested in proving himself a great warrior and gaining glory than worrying about money. So, in this respect he was very different from his father. Henry VIII was also very different in matters of government and finance.

  1. "An exercise in Dynastic Consolidation" - How far is this an accurate description of ...

    Henry sent the 6,000 men to Brittany, however Henry found himself let down by his allies. Maximilian was unreliable because of commitments to the Hasburg Empire, and the Spanish sent a force of 2,000 in 1490 but they had priorities against the Moors of Granada.

  2. Henry VIII'S Foreign Policy.

    Without this annulment Henry could not remarry, and therefore could not have a son by whom to secure the succession. Henry's frustration over Charles V's utter obduracy in this matter led him to turn his back on the Habsburg alliance.

  1. Henry VII and His Money.

    Also there had been inefficiency and dishonesty. He also continued the work done by the Yorkists in restoring crown lands which had been that one way. or another, and by gathering more land at. every opportunity Henry- was particularly good at annexing the lands of all those involved in acts of treason against his throne.

  2. Securing the Tudor Dynasty: The Reign of Henry VII.

    Foreign powers can also be seen to support pretenders, which reduced the stability of Henry's throne.

  1. What Methods did Henry VIII and Wolsey use to achieve the aims of Foreign ...

    not an important part of negotiations in that region and following the Peace of Cambrai it found itself with no advantages in Europe and distant from the centre of European affairs. Henry's main aim for the most part was to make gains in France but in order to do so he had to neutralize any threats from Scotland.

  2. How successful was Henry VII in securing international recognition in the years 1485 to ...

    Henry also prevented Charles from helping Perkin Warbeck in his rebellion, and had secured an annual pension. Unfortunately, between the years 1502 and 1506 there were a series of deaths which undermined Henry?s foreign relations affecting his international recognition. Firstly, Henry?s son Arthur died in 1502, this affected Henry?s international

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work