• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'Henry VII deliberately exploited the rights of the crown in order to make it once again rich and powerful.' Illustrate the truth of this statement and assess the extent to which the king was successful

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'Henry VII deliberately exploited the rights of the crown in order to make it once again rich and powerful.' Illustrate the truth of this statement and assess the extent to which the king was successful. 'The people considered they were suffering not on account of their own sins but on account of the greed of their monarch.' (Polydor Virgil). This quote seems to support the view in the title, that Henry did exploit the rights of the crown. Although, what were these rights? As king, Henry was entitled to rights of income that could be separated into ordinary and extraordinary. Ordinary income included such rights of income as royal estates, feudal dues, customs duties and profits of justice. Extraordinary income included parliamentary grants, loans, clerical taxes, pensions from other powers, feudal obligations and bonds and recognisances. Although did Henry exploit these rights? The Collins English dictionary describes exploiting as 'to make use of selfishly or unethically.' Therefore, in order to 'exploit' these rights, Henry must use these rights of the crown to 'selfishly and unethically' increase his income. In answer to the question, there were a few areas in which Henry did indeed, 'selfishly and unethically' increase his income through the rights of the crown. ...read more.

Middle

Another area in which Henry 'selfishly and unethically' increased his income through the rights of the crown was through the pension, which he received through the Treaty of Etaples. This pension was given to Henry as a bribe to remove his army from French territory. The sum was agreed at �5,000 a year. This was increasing Henry's income 'selfishly and unethically' as this money will not be money that is contributed to the state, but for Henry's private use. Therefore the use of the money would not benefit the people that need it, but Henry, therefore increasing Henry's income selfishly. The main area in which Henry 'selfishly and unethically' increased his income through the rights of the crown was through bonds and recognisances. Bonds were contracts in which people promised to pay sum of money to the crown if a promise was not kept. Recognisances were formal acknowledgements of debts that existed to the crown. These two areas increased Henry's income 'selfishly and unethically' for many reasons. One reason is that bonds could be used to pardon murderers and release criminals. This is a very unethical way of collecting money as it is putting the income of the country ahead of the safety of the residents. ...read more.

Conclusion

(Elton). This is shown by his ability to increase the crown's income by any means possible (as shown above) as well as using all the other means of accumulating wealth lawfully and efficiently. As for making the crown more powerful, it is a different story. Henry had a policy of making illegal retaining (the employment of private armies) as difficult as possible. However, these private armies that were retained by nobles were vital to England's war machine. Therefore, as Henry made it harder and harder for nobles to retain, the power of England to be 'capable of producing great effects of any kind,' became smaller. However, with the increase in wealth came an increase in security, and with an increase in security came and increase in power. This is because Henry could become 'capable of producing great effects of any kind,' in his own country and, with financial means, abroad. In conclusion, 'Henry VII deliberately exploited the rights of the crown in order to make it once again rich and powerful' is a statement, which is not entirely true. Although Henry did exploit the rights of the crown to some extent, he did use a lot of other means to make the crown once again rich and powerful. Alex Lawson 1204 5/2/07 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent was Henry VII a successful monarch?

    3 star(s)

    At his accession to the throne there had been a reported number of 55 nobles serving by his side - however, some of these nobles were much more wealthy and powerful than the king, therefore, they were deemed as a threat and branded "over-mighty subjects" or "super nobles".

  2. Henry VII and His Money.

    In The Prince, Machiavelli argues that for a ruler the only 'good' is to strengthen his throne and his kingdom. Conventional notions of what is morally good or bad, honest or dishonest, he says are irrelevant to the ruler. By Machiavelli's standards, then, Henry VII would be considered an almost

  1. What kind of king does Shakespeare create in Act 3 Scenes 1 and 2? ...

    The language used by Nym, Bardolph and Pistol is adverse to the language spoken by the king. The three show no poetic voice when they speak: "Be merciful, great duke, to men of mould!", this reflects on their cowardice and how dishonourable they are.

  2. To what extent was Henry VII a successful monarch?

    This enabled him to limit the birth of "pure" nobles. Another way to keep the nobles in line was the use of the Act of Attainder. This particular act was an act of parliament which registered people's conviction for treason and would have to surrender all their assets to the king.

  1. Was Henry VII a successful monarch?

    Law and Order During the War of the Roses, it was clear that the authority of the English monarchy had constantly been undermined by powerful noblemen-the dukes and earls and barons who ruled parts of England in the King?s name.

  2. Essay on ways in which Henry VII was successful

    In some ways this was unsuccessful as some from the house of York did rebel and as a result henry took their land away from them. But It was also successful in the sense that Henry had no heirs and was the only Tudor, but this marriage would provide him with four children and an heir to the throne.

  1. Wives & War: To what extent did these two aspects undermine Henry VIIIs rule ...

    As stated by Henry himself: ?Our pleasure, that dreadful execution be done upon a good number of the inhabitants of every town, village and hamlet that have affined this rebellion? (Starkey, Channel 4, 2009) The Pilgrimage of Grace created a ruthless image for Henry and undermined his reign through his immediate rejection for religious reforms requested by the northern barons.

  2. How far did Henry VII deliberately attempt to reduce the power of the nobility ...

    Both of these, Henry VII did not make, they were already in place, having said that Henry VII exploited them for all they were worth. As Pendrill says, "Henry was the law? meaning that he could put both bonds and recognisance?s on whoever he saw fit, and furthermore, "The victim had no right of appeal".

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work