• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Henry won his throne solely due to the actions of the Stanleys & Northumberland" Due you agree with this view?

Extracts from this document...


Assignment 1 "Henry won his throne solely due to the actions of the Stanleys & Northumberland" Due you agree with this view? (24 marks) Thomas Stanley, Henry's stepfather, Sir William Stanley, Henry's step uncle, and the Earl of Northumberland did contribute to Henry VII's victory at the Battle of Bosworth. His victory in the Battle with the aid of the Stanleys and Northumberland helped him secure his throne. On the morning of August 22 1485 the two armies of King Richard III and Henry Tudor confronted each other on the field just outside the small village of Market Bosworth. Henry's forces were numbered about 6000 and Richard's forces were numbering them two to one. Sir William Stanley held the position north of the battlefield where he would wait observing the battle centrally between the two armies. King Richard stationed his army along the ridge of Ambien Hill where he waited in the centre. Northumberland requested his forces to be positioned to the rear surveying Stanley's men. It was Henry who initiated the attack. The battle continued for two hours, the losses heavy on Richard's side. The turning point came when Richard himself decided to strike at Henry and he nearly succeeded killing Henry's Horse. ...read more.


This caused people to look to other potential candidates. As Richard lost support Henry gained. If Richard had been a popular King and well liked by his Nation then they would not have looked towards others such as Henry. As Henry was the last descendant of the house of Lancaster he was the last Lancastrian claimant. This was due to the death of Edwards's only child whom was supposedly murdered by Richard in order for him to usurp the throne. This made Henry's claim to the throne stronger and allowed the people to support a contender who would be a new and better King and who was entitled to the crown as much as Richard. Another factor that helped Henry to become King was Richard's bad tactical decision before the Battle of Bosworth. From France Henry landed in Wales on 7 August and was able to gather support on his way to the battle. Due to Henry's heritage he was able to uphold his roots and gather welsh support and more men as he made his way towards Market Bosworth in Leicestershire. By 12 August Henry had persuaded Rhys ap Thomas, the most influential landowner in South Wales with the promise of the Lieutenancy of Wales should Richard be defeated. ...read more.


Overall Henry won his throne due to Richard III weaknesses and own usurpation of the throne. As Richard was so unpopular and many people were not happy with his ruling this provided Henry the opportunity to be a rival to the throne. Without the loosing support of Richard, Henry would not have had so many people on his side. People wanted a stronger monarchy and felt that Henry was a better person to take the crown. Without the betrayal of Elizabeth Woodville and the loyalty of his mother, Margaret Beaufort, Henry would not have had many supporters when he returned from exile. This also secured his marriage with Elizabeth of York uniting the two houses offering strength and stability within the country. Henry also gained the support of the French army and the Welsh, which helped him win in the battle of Bosworth as he had a strong force. However without the help of the Thomas Stanley, William Stanley and Northumberland Henry would not have been victorious in the Battle of Bosworth. Without their betrayal to Richard, Henry would not have many men and survived, as William Stanley saved his life by killing Richard. Consequently from having the help of the Stanley's and Northumberland Henry was able to win the battle but that factor alone did not solely win Henry the throne. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain why Richard III was able to usurp the throne of England in June ...

    4 star(s)

    appeared that Earl Rivers would have probably been announced protector of Edward V. Richard could not let this happen as he stood to loose his large power base in the north to one of the Woodville's who he despised so much.

  2. How Strong Was Henry VII's Position On The Throne In 1485?

    the de la Pole brothers, who's mother was sister to Edward IV. The brother's claim to the throne was not strong, but probably just as valid as Henry's own. Furthermore, Edward IV's sister Margaret of Burgundy (married to the Duke of Burgundy)

  1. The Battle of Bosworth.

    Ambion hill in the distance, they had a clear view of the hill and Richard had a clear view of them. As Polydore Vergil reports, " sending withal, to Thomas Stanley, who was now approaching the place of fight betwixt the two battles, that he could come to with his forces , to set the soldiers in array.

  2. Did Richard III lose or Henry win the throne in 1485?

    Richard knew this and tried to capture Henry while he was in Burgundy. He made a deal with the Burgundians, he offered them 2000 archers in return for Henry. However Henry got word of this (probably through his mother) and fled to France in a daring escape.

  1. This essay examines the actions of Charles VII in relation to events pertaining to ...

    they worried her assertion might be perceived as an indication of a betrayal to the agreement.36 Several scholars believe that Joan of Arc would have been successful at Paris had she been given a sufficient amount of time and support.

  2. How far do you agree with Elton's interpretation of the roles of Somerset and ...

    Somerset's religious reforms moved towards Protestantism with the introduction of a new Prayer Book and the Act of Uniformity as well as the Chantries Act, which abolished the remnants of Catholicism. However, in an attempt to appease both sides of the spectrum, a certain ambiguity still remained and Catholicism had not been categorically denied.

  1. How was Isabella able to secure her succession to the Castilian throne in 1469-1479?

    His death caused a shift in the balance of power. It was no longer in the grandees' interests to support Joanna's cause. It had become apparent that transferring support from Joanna to Isabella would not just aid Isabella, but, ultimately, aid themselves.

  2. Why did Henry VII win the Battle of Bosworth?

    Henry?s confidence as a military leader by being forward thinking and taking his initiative could instead be responsible in gaining the Stanleys support rather than it being completely down to luck. Richard?s tactical errors in the battle also contributed to why Henry won.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work