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AS and A Level: History of the USA, 1840-1968

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  1. The Root of All Evil

    Unfortunately, the issue of slavery brought up sectionalism between the northern and southern states. Many southerners put a great deal of slaves to work upon their plantations so the slave owners could still have a normal life. At that time, the white slave owners made all of their money off the slaves working the plantations. Due to the southerners' belief of superiority over the slaves, many of the owners became covetous and lazy. Our nation's greed for money and land was added upon after the north had finally abolished slavery. With this, many slaves tried to escape their plantations for a better life in the north.

    • Word count: 667
  2. Gold and Cow towns - settling in the American West

    In 1848 there 14000 people living in California, in 1849 there 100 000, then in 1852 there were 250 000 people living in California. People started to leave the east and head for the west, because it the east was over crowded. People thought they had left poverty and disease in the east, but many found that life was just as bad in the west. For example: the town was very overcrowded and also there was lack of amenities and bad living conditions.

    • Word count: 1731
  3. Control Panel & Printers Exercises.

    From within the 'Control Panel' , click on the 'keyboard' icon.

    • Word count: 219
  4. The Effects of European Imperialism on the Current Day Democratic Republic of the Congo

    Not only is brute force used as a way to control other states but so is preying on economic weakness. Strong states with stronger economies often exploit less industrialized countries via their economic advantage. In addition, according to Woodruff D. Smith's book, European Imperialism In The 19th and 20th Centuries, "Imperialism also refers to attitudes evinced both by elite groups and by mass publics in Europe toward other peoples - attitudes of racial superiority that justified exploitation and, sometimes, ideas of the obligations of "civilized" to "uncivilized" peoples" (Smith).

    • Word count: 1320
  5. The Interesting Narrative of Olaudah Equiano - overview

    Behn places emphasis on Oroonoko's physical appearance to highlight his nobility: "He was pretty tall, but of a shape the most exact that can be fancied. The most famous statuary could not form the figure of a man more admirably turned head to foot." (2175). This description of him creates the sense that he is a special and powerful person despite his position as a slave to justify and legitimize him as a worthy narrative subject. Placing him above a common slave may also be an important part in engaging the sympathies of the reader because they are able to imagine Oroonoko admirable instead of lowly.

    • Word count: 3235
  6. Abraham Lincoln has been depicted as the American Hero who abolished slavery.

    The morality of slaves is not an issue. We all know that it is wrong. The truth though is that approximately twelve million2 slaves were exported from their homelands, against their wishes across the Atlantic. The slave trade started to die out in the 1830's after Britain abolished slavery and used the Royal Navy to police the high seas to enforce this decision. Unfortunately, the southern states of America already had a self sustaining slave population. Slave owners had no inhibitions about slaves reproducing as after just a few years they had another slave to either work for them or to be sold on.

    • Word count: 2045
  7. Evaluate the reasons why the election of President Lincoln was followed so quickly by the outbreak of the Civil War.

    The fact South Carolina demanded the Union give them Sumter, and that they were prepared to take it by force, showed how volatile the situation between the two nations had become - Sumter was a small base in a large Confederacy, and so this Crisis was inflated further than it needed to be. The Confederate states had taken most of the federal property within their borders before Sumter, yet Lincoln wasn't prepared to let Sumter fall. Lincoln's choice of option manoeuvred the South into a corner, where he would supply Sumter and mobilize ships with troops on (Going against the advice of senior politicians and cabinet members).

    • Word count: 882
  8. Development Phase - Letter from African slave sent from America to a family member back home in Africa

    The Slaves ships were cruel and their Captain's brutal. During this period of time for example, one American captain in the triangular trade sold rum, candles, guns, and iron chains in Africa. With the money he received, the captain then bought 196 slaves. Before the ship reached the West Indies, 109 of those slaves died. Some died before the voyage began. Some rebelled during the voyage and were shot. Many took their own lives by jumping overboard. Georgia Bullock Co August 29th 1857 Whilst researching on this topic I found a letter from Vilet Lester to Patsey Patterson, Vilet Lester writes to her former mistress, Patsey Patterson, briefly describing her chain of owners since she left the Patterson's.

    • Word count: 1591
  9. Explain the principle events of the preceding ten years or so that led the eleven slaveowning southern American states to secede from the union in 1861.

    They did not like the power of the slave holders in the south who dominated congress, and so wanted something done which would prevent the spread of slavery from the south into the north. The main industry within America was the cotton industry. As the cotton industry expanded, the need for slavery also expanded and more slaves were needed to keep up with the demand for it. As the demand for cotton increased, so did the feeling that slavery was a necessity, because they were free labour.

    • Word count: 2331
  10. A Search for Identity in Bharati Mukherjee's The Holder of the World

    While in England Gabriel died during a sea voyage, and Hannah was forced to live alone. After a few years Gabriel mysteriously returned to England, and he took up employment with the East India Company. Gabriel and Hannah moved to a city on the Coromandel Coast of India. While in India Hannah observed the rich culture that is present in a land very different from her own. Eventually Gabriel tells Hannah that he want to join French sailing crew and become a pirate. Gabriel pursues his dream and Hannah is left alone in her isolated home for months at a time.

    • Word count: 1303
  11. How Enslavement Lead to Negative Racial Attitudes Towards Africans in America.

    The main belief that resulted from the enslavement of Africans was the belief that they were inferior, as well as their cultures. As it turns out, there cultures were nearly as sophisticated as the American's cultures. "Recent studies of "pre-contact" African history have showed that the "culture gap" between European and African societies when the two peoples met was not as large as previously imagined. By the time Europeans reached the coast of West African a number of extraordinary empires had been forged in the area" (Nash 42-43).

    • Word count: 811
  12. Exploration of the Divergent Cultural Relationships with Land in Leslie Marmon Silko's Ceremony

    The whites are eating away at the valuable resources of the land and casting the fruits of nature away, unworthy and untouched. The Native Americans conclude the whites to be the dreadful creatures their ancestors feared and dreaded, the creatures which would lead to the world's inevitable destruction and downfall. The whites begin hoarding the land, taking what could never belong to them, the trespassers, the intruders. They harbor no connection with the land that provides for them, nor are they aware of what may become of the land if it is treated harshly.

    • Word count: 2303
  13. Stowe & Elkins.

    The idea that the institution of slavery is immovable is seen in both texts of Stowe and Elkins There is no resolution, to the turmoil that occurs in Uncle Tom's Cabin; all the commotion results in a change back to the standard. Events in history not only support the unwavering American ideals of the time, but strengthen slavery and segregation as well for many years to come after 1860. It is the behavior and actions of the whites that will immortalize the racist endeavor; the treatment of blacks will not change according to Stowe.

    • Word count: 2039
  14. In the early 1900s, America engaged in varied degrees of reform in response to the effects industrialization had on society. The emergence of a middle class, with great influence over the happenings of their times, sought to make reforms that were conc

    Though Cooley's approaches for change were based more on secondary levels through small organizations and communities, and Ross' through government intervention on state and national fronts, the ideals of the two reformers remained constant. This exhibits the unified stance society took as a means of addressing changes made to it by industrialization. Mainly institutions such as The Salvation Army and various Christian churches used soft approaches in an attempt to make perhaps smaller, but more direct reforms for change. Most notable however was the advocating of purity and prohibition with it.

    • Word count: 954
  15. Sterns notes that " Slavery is an old and widespread institution." Discuss how slavery has been viewed/used by societies in the time period before early modern periods.

    In Africa, slavery was an important part of society and also primarily connected to the economy. Many conditions that occurred were differ from those that took place in the Americas, but they were closely related to chattel slavery that took place elsewhere. Even accepted in old texts of ancient India, the Old Testament, and writings of 5th century Greece. As we search back in history it is evident that slavery was not looked upon as a way to racially discriminate a person.

    • Word count: 911
  16. Does Abraham Lincoln deserve his reputation as one of the greatest of American presidents?

    At the end of the seven debates, each candidate summoned their parties' ideals and platforms. "These debates revealed that, while Douglas had rebelled against his own party on the issue of slavery extension, there were important differences of principle between him and Lincoln." (Jones 1995: pg 209) Although Lincoln lost the 1858 Senatorial debate, he went on to defeat Douglas in the Presidential Election of 1860. These debates gave Lincoln the national recognition that allowed him to win the presidency. Lincoln entered office at a critical period in U. S. history, just before the Civil War.

    • Word count: 1855
  17. Missouri Compromise 1820.

    If free laborors were refused what they asked, Southerners faced the risk of them stop working. Because you owned a slave Southerners would never have to worry about such a situation. This threat of prolonging slavery enabled the major conflict between The North and South arise. The Southern view of this conflict was that due to the economical advantages that slavery rbought and the economical disadvantages that an abolition with bring to the states, that the issue of slavery should be considered "a nessasary evil". Not only this, but some even believed that slavery was doing blacks a favor.

    • Word count: 1670
  18. Why did some Americans oppose the 'New Deal'? Was it only because they were rich?

    Then he would introduce national minimum wage, old age pensions and house for war veterans. Another opponent to Roosevelt was Frances Townsend who was a retired doctor from California. He wanted $200 a month given to every citizen over sixty. This gained a lot of support for him, as 10 percent of all Californians were pensioners. Frances Townsend then Father Charles Coughlin who was a Roman Catholic priest, he ran the National Union for social Justice. This aimed to provide work and fair wages. Coughlin said that Roosevelt was 'anti- god' and then decided to stand for the 1936 elections.

    • Word count: 949
  19. Eleanor Roosevelt.

    But Eleanor disliked Albany and was soon very happy to leave. Franklin liked his newfound success in politics and his career prospered swiftly. He soon became an early backer of Woodrow Wilson as he ran for president, for his efforts he was awarded the job of Assistant Secretary of the Navy, the same job that propelled Eleanor's Uncle Teddy to presidency. But Eleanor liked Washington about as much as she liked Albany and spent little time there. In the years after their move to Washington, Franklin Roosevelt had contracted polio and it was now up to Eleanor to keep his name before the public.

    • Word count: 2684
  20. Prohibition. a proposal to eliminate alcohol from American soil entirely worked its way onto the stage of congress and passed without delay. That proposal was the 18th amendment. But would the states find it necessary to ratify this amendment?

    Background Prohibition, in all but name, was attempted more than three hundred years before the eighteenth amendment. In 1629, the Virginia Colony Assembly ruled that "Ministers shall not give themselves to excess in drinkinge, or riott, or spending their tyme idellye day or night." 3 Followed in 1633 when the Plymouth Colony forbid the sale of alcohol "more than 2 pence worth to anyone but strangers just arrived." 4 Fines were quickly imposed on public drunkenness, crude behavior, as well as selling the drink without a license, as a means of deterring the unwanted social side affects.

    • Word count: 1953
  21. Evaluate The Presidency Of Theodore Roosevelt.

    Profits also became the prime concern of companies over the welfare of their workers. "The Square Deal" was Roosevelt's policy to deal with many of the social and economic problems in American society. It aimed to ensure that all Americans received an equal deal in life. It is necessary to look at this 'deal' and his other policies to analyse whether they actually improved the problems or addressed the issues, and if so, to what extent did they resolve or deal with them.

    • Word count: 2317
  22. Diversity Among The Ages.

    This diversity between Europeans and native Indians also continued into the colonial times, but it also include a group of people that did not want to come to the 'New World '. Africans. One of the major problems of this time was the taking of Indian land over and over again. With the more people migrating every year, there was a need for more land. But the people who own this land were the Indians. The Indians were peaceful with the whites as long as they both had enough room to live but when that became a problem the men fought each other killing and driving back the natives.

    • Word count: 1963
  23. Abolishing slavery.

    This was true even though Congress passed a law in 1808 that did not permit bringing any more slaves into the country. This did not prevent the slave owners from "breeding" slaves. The tensions between the north and south made the situation worse for Black slaves. White slaveholders began to treat blacks in a manner that could only be described as barbarous. As a result, a number of strong revolts began to take place. Most of these were given strength based on the legend of a man named Toussaint L'Ouverture, who successfully led the slaves of St.

    • Word count: 1596
  24. "Alfred the Great strikes back".

    Alfred the Great was a ruler that was not only a good one, but he was a well respected one. Alfred rebuilt towns and forts and gathered an army for the coming war. But a force of Danes secretly crept into Wessex late in 875. Before Alfred could rally his troops, they had settled in Dorsetshire, quickly reinforcing themselves with fresh Danish forces. Alfred came to terms with those settlers, deciding it would be easier to pay them again rather than risk another war.

    • Word count: 962
  25. Why Things Were the Way They Were.

    The blacks being brought over from Africa had no choice or say in the outcome of whom would be their master. They had no idea of the intentions that each slave owner had. All they knew was that they were kidnapped from their homelands and brought to America as free labor. These men, women, and children were at the mercy of their master. Some of the owners prided themselves on gaining respect from their slaves through kindness, while others demanded respect through brutality.

    • Word count: 1718

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