• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

History - Reasons for German defeat 1914 - Factors - Schlieffen Plan

Extracts from this document...


8th December 2002 Amy Hancock-Martin History: Reasons for German defeat Factors in order of importance: 1) The failure of the Schlieffen Plan in 1914 meant Germany had to fight on two fronts. This is very important as it stretched supplies of men and supplies to keep them going. This failure disheartened the country and destroyed general faith in Moltke who changed the plan. The victory over Germany early on for the allies livened up their spirits and made them the side with better morale. 2) The USA joined the war in April 1917. This gave the allies more economic and industrial strength. The Germans were the reason for the USA entering the war creating a big weakness for them. ...read more.


This affected other plans and made the Germans insecure about challenging Britain. 5) The Allied naval blockade of German ports left Germany starved of raw materials and food from abroad. The blockades of Th German ports and the neutral port (from which Germany tried to receive raw materials) enraged the people at home and made the war harder to cope with. This is an important reason form the collapse of the German campaign. Germany needed their people to keep alive the patriotism, they wouldn't have the energy if they had no food (!) 6) The civilians in Germany lost their fighting spirit , and were near starvation riots and revolution in 1918 The people of Germany had spent many years suffering at the hands of war ever since the Schliffen plan failed many had lost faith already for example... ...read more.


9) Germanys allies, the Austro-Hungarians had seen their empire collapse. Austria surrendered on 3 November 1917 Germany had 'lost their right arm' when Austria left the war they lost their financial input and man power; supplies and technology. 10) Germanys allies, Bulgaria and Turkey surrendered in September and October 1918 yet another blow to Germanys finacial; man power; supplies and technology. 11) The British and French armies used 800 tanks in their counter attack in 1918 , The German tank was still in development stage AND The tank made trench warfare out of date. I have put these three factors together as they all are incorporating 1 factor in three parts. In the counter attack against Germany tanks- a creation German were still developing which caused them to become behind technologically- were more effective at gaining land etc. Much more productive than Trench warfare. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Explain how the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work?

    Another unsuccessful and new invented technology during the war was tanks. The used fixed with machine guns and moved across No Man's Land, crushing barbed wire barriers, however many broke down. As they weren't able to cross trenches, they were not very successful.

  2. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    The US embassy was attacked and hostages seized. In Nicaragua Communist guerrillas seized power. * Cuba sent armed forces to Africa to help rebels in Angola. * New Soviet SS-20 missiles were sent to eastern Europe, and there was a build up of conventional forces in the Warsaw Pact.

  1. To what extent did the failure of the Schlieffen Plan cause Germany's defeat on ...

    America had originally been anti-war but public opinion had been turned by the sinking of the Lusitania and then the interception of a telegraph from Arthur Zimmerman, the German foreign secretary. This urged Mexico to ally with Germany in return for part of Texas as a reward.

  2. The Marshall Plan.

    Struggle for Congressional Approval Marshall began to concentrate his energies on getting the Economic Cooperation Act (authorizing and funding the ERP) passed after returning from the London Foreign Ministers' meeting in December 1947. He was the lead-off witness in the Senate hearings on January 8, 1948.

  1. American History.

    The US responded w/a a declaration of neutrality, but even though Gen�t's side got kicked out of power and he just stayed for asylum in the end, arguments continued. - DR societies, which were organized between 1793 and 1800 and were seen by some as dangerous [ex.

  2. Explain how the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work.

    These weapons resulted in heavy loss of lives from both sides. Although the new technology was important in the breaking the stalemate, it still had some flaws. Both sides introduced new technology, and therefore they were both always quite equal, keeping a stalemate.

  1. What factors have prompted democratisation in Argentina?

    to understand necessarily meant the collapse of the regime.14 Anaya set about realising the Navy's territorial ambitions in the South Atlantic, the Navy 'called in' its favour. On April 2nd 1982, the Argentine forces invaded the Falkland Islands. After ten weeks of war which saw increasingly disillusioned young conscripts being

  2. To what extent did the Schlieffen plan cause Germany's defeat on the western front?

    They destroyed more U-Boats than any other weapon. * Depth Charges Small underwater bombs either blew up the U-Boats or at least forced them to surface, leaving them vulnerable to attack. Introduced in 1916, and were almost as effective as mines.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work