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House of Lords. Reform?

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House of Lords Reform? Prior to 1999, and the start of the modern reforms, the Lords looked very different from now. Firstly and most major, is the numbers of hereditary Peers. These are British aristocracy who have inherited their title. This number was reduced to 92 in 1999, and there are plans to abolish them completely in future reforms. Secondly there are Life Peers. Since 1958 the Prime Minister has been able to create Life Peers. These titles are not passed on to their children. There are about 350 at any one time, with them being toped up as they die. They are usually people who have had distinguished careers. ...read more.


Another option is partial reform of the Lords. This would involve changing some aspects of the working and membership. A possibility is a wholly elected 'second' chamber, almost shadowing the Commons. Or, whilst abolishing the hereditary peers outright, you could replace them entirely with life peers, however this would still be non democratic. Also replacing the Lords with an elected chamber may detract from the Commons. Finally, you could implement no change at all. This would involve keeping the Lords as they are now, some life peers other hereditary, with archbishops and law lords. This I think is probably the best option. This way you retain a working democratic system, i.e. ...read more.


Another reason for leaving the Lords as it is now is the amount of reform "needed". If the reform was to go ahead it would take (according to Conservative figures), 23 years to fully reform. During this time, the country would change so much, and attitudes also. People's way of thinking about government would also change. The reform would also, probably, take place through several different governments, so each time a new government took office; the process would stall and maybe be changed. All this would make it very difficult to manage. Therefore although the current system is far from perfect, arguably quite undemocratic, the other options are not really possible, and so this is the best system we can hope to have without bringing about whole changes to the political system, Commons, Lords and monarchy. ?? ?? ?? ?? Daniel French ...read more.

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