• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How accurate is it to say that the weakness of the Protestant forces was the main reason for Habsburg military successes in Germany in 1618-1630?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐How accurate is it to say that the weakness of the Protestant forces was the main reason for Habsburg military successes in Germany in 1618-1630? The Protestants suffered under political weaknesses mainly as a result of their lack of political allies. Frederick, the Calvinist leader of Bohemia was disregarded in the Empire as he took the crown against the advice of the Protestant Union. This meant he did not have widespread support from other Protestants within the Empire and was therefore isolated. For example, the Bohemians were supported only by Brunswick and Baden within the Empire. Moreover, they also lacked international support, for example, the Netherlands did not support Frederick as their troops were already occupied in a war with the Spanish Habsburgs. This shows Frederick not only lacked support in the Empire, but on a larger scale as well. This weakened the Protestants as they were no competition to the Habsburgs in terms of support and allies. The Danish suffered the same fate as they only had limited support in their phase of the war from 1625. ...read more.

Middle

A lack of support is mainly to blame for the weakness of the Protestants military force. For example, Frederick would have expected the support of the English since King James I was Frederick?s father-in-law. However, James I was wary of the strength of the Habsburgs and understood that even with this help, they would be too strong to overcome. Another reason England would not support Frederick was that the King was looking to obtain a marriage alliance between his son and heir to the throne, Charles, and the Habsburgs. Being involved with Frederick would prevent him from doing so successfully. The support the Protestants did have, for example Bethlen Tabor from Transylvania, was weakened and had to retreat due to lack of money. This was a serious loss to the Protestants as he had already proved he had the ability to defeat the Habsburgs. The Danish also lacked allies in their phase of the war between 1625-29 which allowed the Catholic to focus their attention on one opponent. ...read more.

Conclusion

Their military strength is illustrated by the fact they could use their own troops and Ferdinand took advantage of this by sending in 7000 of his own men. On top of this, the Spanish Netherlands raised 20,000 men under the leadership of Spinola to help the Habsburg cause which is significant as it provided physical manpower to the Habsburgs army instead of just funding them. Maximilian reactivated the Catholic League alliance and sent in troops under the command of Tilly showing the Catholic League were a source of not only diplomatic support but militarily as well. The Catholic League?s military involvement was significant because Tilly succeeded in defeating Mansfeld in 1620, showing they provided the Habsburgs with support that was active in defeating the Protestants. The military strength of the Habsburgs is also due to their method of attack; whilst Spinola attacked the Palatinate, Tilly and the Catholic League defeated Mansfeld at the Battle of White Mountain in 1620. They were successful in working together whereas their Protestant opponents did not share such unison. This gave them the advantage of being able to defeat the Protestants easier as they were capable of forming a stronger attack that their opponents could not defend themselves from. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Extended Essay: Bismarck and The Unification of Germany

    5 star(s)

    Although it is logically argued that there is no way cultural nationalism would have brought about unification alone, perhaps, if the spirit of nationalism was not already circulating, Bismarck would have had a far harder job.

  2. Why Did The Wartime Alliance Break Down?

    However, Britain and France refused to do this at the time Stalin wanted, they wanted to do it when they believed the time was right. In their answer to not give in to Stalin, Stalin believed that Britain and France were continuing to scheme against him, that they wanted Germany to destroy Stalin's empire.

  1. Examine the view that the US failure in Vietnam resulted more from losing the ...

    The trouble for the Americans was that they never knew which Vietnamese was the enemy, which also was demoralising as they didn't want to hurt innocent victims.

  2. The First English Civil War

    About the same time, Hertford, no longer opposed by Stamford, brought over the South Wales Royalists to Oxford. The fortified area around that place was widened by the capture of Cirencester on 2 February. Gloucester and Bristol were now the only important garrisons of the Roundheads in the west.

  1. Assess the factors that lead to the defeat of Boudica and the Iceni in ...

    The Romans effectively created a wall of soldiers that could not be attacked from the rear nor could it be flanked.9 Suetonius had examined the earlier successes of Boudica's army, determined their weaknesses and how to minimise their strengths. Through such clever placement Suetonius was able to take away the one clear advantage the Celts had.

  2. Evalute the importance, strengths and weaknesses of the Spartan Army

    ?close against their enemy and with their hands?[12]?for a Spartan foot-soldier does not even know what flight means?[13]. The fact that Spartans did ?not think of lengthening [their] own [lives]?[14] but placed Sparta before themselves contributed greatly to the success of their city as their commitment to the battle created

  1. How accurate is it to say that the controversy over indulgences were merely the ...

    banking family, which arose through purchasing of church offices, a clear papal abuse of simony. Leo X selling it to rebuild St Peter?s cathedral in Rome. The 95 theses aimed to put an end to what Luther regards as a corrupt practice, through an academic debate.

  2. To what extent was the military prowess of the Crusaders the main reason for ...

    whats more is the fact he managed to persuade his french knights to dismount, to their great annoyance, and this shows his strength as a leader aswell as a stratergist. Secondly is the attack on Jerusalem, such a huge task could never of been carried without superb leadership and planning.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work