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How and why did America develop a policy of containment, and how did this lead to involvement in Korea?

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Introduction

How and why did America Develop a Policy of Containment, and how did this Lead to Involvement in Korea? Containment was a policy that was developed by America during the 1940' s, the idea was to limit the advance of Communism. Communism is something that was very much feared by America throughout the twentieth century, and it appeared to be spreading rapidly throughout Eastern Europe. The spread of communism was often referred to as the 'domino theory,' it was described as this because America believed that if one country would fall to the power, then the next would, and the next, and so on. This had consequently proven to be true as after Russia fell to communist revolution so did China and Czechoslovakia, followed very shortly by Korea and Vietnam. ...read more.

Middle

But, also in the document he had accepted that Eastern Europe was already under communist rule. Under Truman another policy was also developed known as Marshall Aid. It was believed that communism was only encountered in countries that faced hardship or poverty. To prevent this happening to Europe as a continent, he sent General George Marshall to asses the economic situation faced by Europe. He found a ruined economy and suggested that $17 billion would rebuild the fallings. Congress refused the idea initially but passed it when Czechoslovakia became communist. America also used the countries surrounding, communist countries as 'Buffers,' they would aid the country from falling to communism, and therefore blocking the access to other countries for Russia. This widely became known as the policy of containment. ...read more.

Conclusion

He also applied pressure to the UN to force the North Korean troops out of South Korea. Normally in a dispute such as this, the superpowers of the world would use their right of veto in the Security Council to prevent action. But, Russia was boycotting the Security Council because, when China had become communist in 1949, America had found a way to prevent communist Chinas entry to the UN as a permanent member. They regarded Chiang Kai-Shek and his nationalist government as the true leaders of China. This lead to Russia walking out of the UN in protest. So when America's resolution of aiding Korea was passed, Russia was not on the Security Council to Veto it. Fundamentally the United Nations fought the war in Korea, but its biggest contributor was America. The UN was now committed to using member forces to roll back communist northern troops, and aid nationalist southern \Korea. ...read more.

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