• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How and why did Eisenhower increased commitment to Vietnam

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How and why did the Eisenhower increase US commitment to Vietnam? For many years, the American presidents have cited the Domino Theory as the reason for US involvement in Indochina. During his term, Eisenhower had greatly increased US efforts in Vietnam in war against Communism. US military advisers were sent to Vietnam to aid the French and financial commitment was made. However, it is arguable whether or not the interest of Vietnam was important to the Americans at the time and if Eisenhower's involvement was truly justified. When Eisenhower was inaugurated as the 34th US president, he succeeded Truman whom had previous commitments to the French and the emperor of Vietnam, Bao Dai. He continued to finance the French military and the dumb emperor. Just before the military unrest in Dien Bien Phu between the Vietminh and the French militaries, Eisenhower had given financial aid to the French $385 million dollars worth of armaments to fight against the communists. By supporting the French soldiers in a war against communism, Eisenhower prevented any American soldiers from being sent in yet another war in Indochina, especially as immediate after the Korean civil war. ...read more.

Middle

He felt that paying other nation to fight an American cause; fight against communism was far more convenient and cheaper. He provided further aid when the French were losing the battle in early 1954 by sending US bombers accompanied by 200 American technicians. Another reason why Eisenhower supported the French in Dien Bien Phu was that he wanted to France to be a strong NATO member to help defend Western Europe against the Soviet threat. The US administration concluded that the French were invaluable allies against Communism in both Indochina and Europe, and therefore deserving of American assistance. The French threatened to be unhelpful about the European defence arrangements and their war against Communism if Eisenhower did not provide more aid. While many viewed the war as America's way against Communism, some historians believed that further US involvement was due to Eisenhower's personal interest. In the presidential election campaign Eisenhower had rejected the Democratic policy of containment of Communism and advocated the liberation of communist states. HE realized this was a fatal mistake because not only has he yet to liberate a communist state, the Red Scare was high on the rise and Senator Macarthy was throwing accusations within the administration for being pro-communist. ...read more.

Conclusion

In fight against communism, American patrons agreed and suggested that one way they could beat communism in the north is by building a stable, non-communist state in the south. Despite being regarded as incompetent and incapable, Diem together with his fraud election convinced the Americans to support his regime in the south. America wanted to stop the election coming up in 1956 knowing that the people would vote for Ho Chi Minh who is pro-communist. Even though Eisenhower's men did not feel comfortable with Diem's regime and the lack of ability of South Vietnam to conduct a war and govern by themselves, they still went ahead and supported this unpopular regime as they see this was the only way to stop Ho from turning Vietnam into a communist state. Eisenhower's involvement in Vietnam was claimed to be simply a crusade against communism. He gave financial and military aid to the French because he did not want to sacrifice anymore of his men while still fighting against communism. In continue effort to stop the spread of communism, he gave further help to Diem's government despite it being unpopular and oppressive. Even though he had 'lost' North Vietnam to communism, he had managed to increase involvement in Vietnam without having to send US troops and prevent civilian casualties. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Comparison of Presidents Harry Truman, Dwight Eisenhower and Lyndon Johnson

    During the election of 1948, Truman's approval ratings were down and it seemed as if he would not win. However, that same year he issued both of his executive orders relating to civil rights, upping his approval ratings. Though the support he had gained from farmers, laborers, African Americans, and

  2. The Eisenhower years saw significant improvement for the African Americans

    As a result they were forced to end segregation on busses. This was another landmark ruling by the Supreme Court and black people were now free to use the buses.

  1. How far did Truman and Eisenhower increase US involvement in Vietnam?

    The Truman doctrine gave USA a reason to intervene into the situation. Truman was still receiving criticism for the loss of China, and with this in mind he couldn't afford for there to be another communist country in the east.

  2. Assess the reasons why American military intervention in Vietnam increased from 1954

    Diem was described as 'the best of a bad bunch' by Kennedy and in the long run he caused more disturbances than anything else. This played a fundamental role in America deciding to increase military intervention. The Americans were more than willing to fund the French to fight their battle,

  1. 'Johnson alone bears the responsibility for the escalation of war in Vietnam in the ...

    Johnson?s character was not suited to the complexity of the Vietnam War; he was arrogant and he didn?t really take charge of the situation, when he became president in 1963. He kept the same administration as JFK, so he was getting the same advice, which was to escalate and cause a war to stop communism.

  2. How far was the USAs military involvement in Korea a desire to defend democracy?

    The reason behind this was Rhee?s soon assumption of the ability to dictatorial powers, rather than being a representative for the people, he quickly began to do as he pleased when he pleased. Some of the main highlighted dictatorial actions that took place involved things such as the detention and torture of political opponents and several massacres of ?leftist? uprisings.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work