• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did Australia's relationships with Britain and the United States change during World War II?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Australia's Relationship with Britain and the US How did Australia's relationships with Britain and the United States change during World War II? During World War II, Australia's relationship with Britain and the United States was changed dramatically. This happened through a number of events all leading to an important turning point in their relationship. All this led to a change in our respect for Britain, who had previously been our great and powerful protector. By the time World War II had started in 1939, Australia thought of itself as very much belonging to the British Empire and had always supported Britain in all its troubles. Australians had fought in many wars with Britain, such as the Boer War and World War I. They fought for their mother country in the name of 'King and Empire', no matter what. Except for the lower level of enthusiasm, World War II was just the same. The Australians helped the British in Europe and the Middle East where Nazi Germany was creating havoc. ...read more.

Middle

The telegram stated that "if Japan set about Invading Australia or New Zealand on a large scale, Britain would cut our losses in the Mediterranean and proceed to your aid in sacrificing every interest except only the defence position of this island (Britain) in which all else depends". Although Britain promised to come to our aid if we were to be attacked by Japan, they broke their promises later on. The Fall of Singapore on the 15th of February, 1942, and the Darwin bombing attack on the 19th of February, 1942, traumatized Australians because they knew that the Japanese would soon work their way down to Australia. The Australian troops were busy fighting in Europe and Britain was too busy with the war also, trying their best to survive against Nazi Germany. Australia had no protection against the Japanese, who were advancing through South-East Asia, coming towards Australia. Despite, what Churchill had said in the telegram to the Australian government, Britain was too busy defending themselves in Europe, to send troops to South-East Asia to stop the Japanese. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is almost certain that America would have come to help even if Curtin had not made such a public appeal about it, because Australia was the only one point from where a counter-offensive against the Japanese could have been launched. Their plans were to launch a counter-offensive against the Japanese because of the Pearl Harbor incident on the 7th of December, 1941. Australia could do nothing but follow the plans of the US military force, because Britain was no longer there to help and the US was the only hope they had. Therefore, we can say that World War II caused Australia's relationship with both, Britain and the United States to change. Australia's relationship with Britain used to be quite strong and Australia had thought of Britain as being their most powerful mother country and protector. After the war, Australia's perception of Britain changed and their links with the US increased, because it was the US who had helped them when they were in need during World War II. Australia, in the past, had fought wars for Britain, but after World War II they fought America's wars, such as the Vietnam and Korea Wars. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. To what extent did the United States force Japan to attack Pearl Harbor and ...

    Hence, not only was his tight policy put an end to many talks, but also of the racial discrimination that paved the way for the coming of the sudden attack. Some even extreme historian, like Charles Tansill, favored a conspiracy theory on such issue5.

  2. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    After two consecutive wars where they were invaded by the Germans, the USSR felt it necessary to create buffer states to protect the borders of the fatherland. The communist regimes in place enabled Russia to controll the Eastern Europe, which provided protection to Russia.

  1. How And Why Did Britain Survive The War From 1940-1943?

    Thus Hitler had to defeat the RAF before he could proceed to invade Britain. Hitler's attempts to destroy the RAF with the Luftwaffe was called The Battle Of Britain. The Battle Of Britain The Luftwaffe was complacent under the command of Herman Goering who believed or just boasted that the RAF would be destroyed within four days.

  2. Was the "Battle of Britain" a Major Turning Point In World War II.

    From 1939-45 the German U-boat fleet or "wolf pack" as they were better known, sank over 2800 merchant fleet ships. This severely damaged Britain's ability to stand up against Nazi Germany. In the early stages of the war it seemed that Britain would not be conquered by waves of Panzer

  1. Women and social change - To what extent did World War One effect womens ...

    Inflation was the greatest single economic factor as war budges rose to astronomical figures and massive demand forced shor! tages of many consumer goods. Virtually ever able-bodied person was employed to keep up with the demand. This combination of high demand, scarcity, and full employment sent prices soaring, even in the best managed countries.

  2. Causes of World War II

    Nationalism went hand in hand with feelings of national discontent. Many Germans felt humiliated by their country's defeat in World War I and its harsh treatment under the Treaty of Versailles. During the 1930's, they enthusiastically supported a violently nationalistic organization called The Nazi Party.

  1. To what extent did Britain's relation with her allies change during World War II

    Hitler launched "Operation Sealion" but seemingly was more interested in a future war against Russia. Whilst Britain began the Battle of Britain, Churchill and Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden began a search for allies so they could move from a defensive position into an offensive position.

  2. In both world wars, many enemy aliens were interned in Australia

    Still identifying with its white Australia policy, Dutton argues7 that there was a small influx of German immigrants and had the Great War not interfered Australia would have publicised its need for migrants in countries such as Norway, Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Germany, Northern Italy, and parts of Russia; to make

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work