• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did Britain Survive (June 1940-1943)?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

When France surrendered in June 1940 Britain was the only European country holding out against Germany. (How did Britain Survive (June 1940-1943)) Churchill saw the invasion of Britain coming. Churchill watched as Hitler moved across Europe. The key to Hitler's invasion technique was speed, it was known as 'Blitzkrieg'. It involved using modern military technology to sweep quickly across vast areas of land. After the majority of Europe had been captured Hitler had no choice but to turn to the one country it was still at war with, Britain. Hitler said to Jodl, ' The British have lost the war but they don't know it; one must give them time and they will come round.' Many assumed that Britain would surrender now that France had been defeated. At the time conquering Britain would have bought Hitler more disadvantages than advantages and peace with Britain would guard Germany from the war brewing with America. Peace with Britain would give Hitler peace on the German Western Front and an opportunity to attack Soviet Russia. There were of course times when the British contemplated making peace. On 27 May just before the Dunkirk evacuation the War Cabinet contemplated peace negotiations. The next day Churchill had second thoughts. In front of the Cabinet he declared, 'Of course whatever happens at Dunkirk we shall fight on.' ...read more.

Middle

Germany decided right from the beginning of the war that they had to cut off these supplies to Britain. The German U-boats were very effective in 1940m the Germans sunk over 1000 ships. In 1941 the allies lost 1300 ships. In 1942 they lost 1661 ships. In 1943 the navy only had 2 months of fuel left. Churchill realised how close the Battle of the Atlantic came to destroying the British. Churchill wrote after the war, ' the only thing that ever really frightened me was the U-boat peril'. Several factors allowed Britain to survive the battle. British intelligence was able to break the German code and was able to guide the convoys away from the U-boats. New weapons were developed to combat the German submarines. Long-range bombers began escorting the convoys across the Atlantic; they were fitted with special radar etc... Radio linked ships and aircraft, which were fighting the U-boats, and they would make use of the information acquired. The shipping production level rose and the USA's shipyards were turning out huge numbers of cargo ships. Soon the Allies were making more ships then could be sunk. The merchant navy men were courageous, patriotic and heroic they ensured that the supplies got through to Britain. Churchill then in 1943 gave top priority to the fighting the Battle of the Atlantic. ...read more.

Conclusion

He celebrated with every victory but at the same time he did not try to delude the British people with false victories. For example he described the evacuation of Dunkirk as miraculous but also said that they wouldn't win the war by running away. Hitler had failed to invade Britain; this to him was not a big deal as it gave him the opportunity to attack Russia. Though he continued to bomb Britain the focus of the war turned. Hitler was now facing war on two fronts had he conquered one, chances are the other would have fallen too but with the army divided on different sides of the continent Hitler was no longer as sure of victory. Had Russia been defeated Hitler perhaps would have been able to Hitler had re-focus his attack on Britain and perhaps win but he had no hope of winning the war on two fronts . This period of time while Hitler was focussed on Russia gave Britain a time to re-group and prepare for invading the continent. During this time Japan bombed Pearl Harbour and America entered the war. Hitler at this point was already in an uncomfortable situation with war on two fronts and Hitler, no longer sure of victory, declared war against America. At this point Britain was saved, she was no longer alone. Britain emerged from what seemed to be certain defeat with a smile on her face, able to win the war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Hitlers Germany

    Reichstag elections were set for July 31, and the ban on the SA was lifted on June 14. There now entered the German political arena a figure who played a crucial role in Hitler's accession to power. A cunning man, he proved to be dangerous not because of his craftiness

  2. The battle of Britain was an important turning point in the second world war ...

    This was nothing like the Poland invasion to start with. Part of the reason was because there was hardly no fighting because Britain was afraid of reprisals. Germany also didn't really want to get Britain and France annoyed because Germany only had 11 Nazi civilians and they were young and

  1. How had Hitler been successful in his war campaign up until the Battle of ...

    Hitler referred to the strategy as blitzkrieg, or "lightning war." The object of the blitzkrieg strategy was to shock the opponent so severely that there would be little resistance, allowing the country to be overrun quickly, with minimal German losses.

  2. The Battle Of Britain

    Winston Churchill One of the most important battles of the war for Britain was the Battle of the Atlantic. This was a German effort to sink allied shipping using its U-boats. The German submarines hunted in "wolf packs" and targeted almost anything that floated as when U-boats sunk the passenger liner Athenia.

  1. The Battle of Britain

    The Austrian Chancellor had no choice. He would not allow Austria to be a subject of war and death. A course of appeasement was the only alternative. He hoped and prayed that his people would forgive him. As the days turned into weeks, there became a noticeable influx of Nazi personnel in Austria.

  2. Explain why Britain was able to continue to hold out against Germany between June ...

    delayed his forces before he attacked the town, which gave Britain more time to prepare itself for Hitler's approaching attack. This allowed Churchill to evacuate around 330,000 men after the fall of Dunkirk, therefore letting Britain recover and consequently, leading to these men being positioned in North Africa, creating another front for Hitler to fight.

  1. Assess the relative importance of the reasons why the July 1944 Bomb Plot to ...

    the explosion would have had a more powerful effect and Hitler would not have had any form of protection and would therefore have been killed. Thus this is a logical and valid source that has been supported by many others.

  2. Is this a valid interpretation of the events in Dunkirk in June 1940?

    This great confidence was shown by Hitler as he thought that the British were cornered and had no way to escape. In many ways the British had no way to escape as Hitler had now instructed his Luftwaffe to start severe bombing on the beaches at Dunkirk.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work