• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did Lenin's economic policies arouse opposition within the Bolshevik party and within the USSR?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How did Lenin's economic policies arouse opposition within the Bolshevik party and within the USSR? Any government trying to repair its country's ruined economic state will undoubtedly have problems and opposition, but the Bolshevik party had another great burden - to turn Russia into a Marxist state. Lenin isolated the majority of Russia in 1917 by forming many decrees and taking various actions, mostly ruled by ideology, for example, censorship, he took away freedom of speech from every non-Bolshevik party. These actions were all during the first of Lenin's economy policies - State Capitalism. This policy wasn't as ideological as the New Economic Policy (NEP) introduced in 1921 where although economic control was relaxed, political control was tightened, but it was a start. ...read more.

Middle

By 1923 the NEP was responsible for 3/4s of all retail trade and in 1926 the economy had almost regained the production rates of 1913. However, the economic policy which without doubt caused the most opposition was War Communism. Every single group turned against Lenin, even including people from his own, towards the end of war communism. Lenin used oppressive and violent tactics to exert control over Russia and the least popular technique was grain requisitioning. He turned the peasants against him almost instantly by sending the Cheka to forcefully take their grain to sell. The peasants resisted by producing the bare minimum, this gradually led to inflation, then famine. 1/5 people died from starvation. By October 1920 the rouble was worth 1% of its 1917 value. ...read more.

Conclusion

Overall, the most successful economic policy was NEP, even though some saw it as disloyalty because they thought some kulaks were exploiting poorer peasants the majority was happy and it was an essential step for Lenin to take. The economy improved greatly because of the NEP, this is shown by the grain harvest rates, in 1921, the end of war communism, 37.6 million tons were produced, and then 4 years into the NEP this doubled to 72.5 million tons. War Communism was such a failure because Lenin used forceful and suppressive tactics which reminded Russia of tsarist times which they had fought for so long to be rid of. Lenin turned the people against him and gained many enemies. Yagmur Ekici ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. The Significance of Lenin in the Bolshevik Revolution (1917-1923)

    Lenin had appointed Leon Trotsky as Commissar for War. Trotsky was a vital cog in the working of the Bolshevik Party; he was responsible for the organisation of the Red Army that he was challenged with building from scratch. As a ruthless, pragmatic, domineering but fair leader, he was an excellent choice by Lenin.

  2. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    he sought to appeal to the specific demands of each of these three groups. Like the best party leaders in any multi-party system, Lenin was building a coalition of interest groups. These groups would provide his basis of support when the Bolsheviks made their grab for power in October.

  1. War communism and NEP

    NEP NEP was an economy measure that moved away from the tight control of the state by the government during War Communism. In agriculture, there would be an end to requisitioning, to be replaced by a system of taxation that meant they could sell any spare food on the market for a profit.

  2. Soviet State

    But collectivisation also drove many peasants off the land and into the towns. Between 1928 and 1932, 8.5 million of the 11million who joined the urban workforce were peasants. And once in the towns, they were locked in by the reintroduction of internal passports.

  1. Explain why these policies aroused opposition within the Bolsheviks within the USSR?

    Lenin had managed to dodge yet another bullet but knew that desperate action was needed, even if it meant going against his ideological beliefs slightly. By 1921 the economy was in serious trouble due to the strain of seven years of foreign and civil war combined with war communism.

  2. The significance of Lenin in the Bolshevik Revolution (1917-1923).

    that his influence was not as powerful as if he was in Russia, this meant that the party was not what Lenin wanted exactly and therefore did not do things he wanted done. Also, during the Summer/ Autumn of 1917 Lenin was again in hiding this meant that his orders

  1. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    Stalin?s policies had toughened up the population and now they were ready to withstand the German invasion. Religion: Religion was rejected by Communists. Lenin had not banned religion altogether, but he had focussed on anti-religious propaganda. However it was stopped after it was realised that it was doing more harm to the Soviet regime than good.

  2. How significant was Lenin between the years 1902-1918 to the formation of the Bolshevik ...

    years of rapid industrialisation, and consequently the need for a large proletariat to secure a communist revolution; as under original Marxist theory. Lenin as a result achieved something thought impossible by fellow Marxists. The writing of the April Theses in April 1917, proved to be of considerable significance in the gaining of support for the Bolshevik party (BP).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work