• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did Lenin's economic policies arouse opposition within the Bolshevik party and within the USSR?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How did Lenin's economic policies arouse opposition within the Bolshevik party and within the USSR? Any government trying to repair its country's ruined economic state will undoubtedly have problems and opposition, but the Bolshevik party had another great burden - to turn Russia into a Marxist state. Lenin isolated the majority of Russia in 1917 by forming many decrees and taking various actions, mostly ruled by ideology, for example, censorship, he took away freedom of speech from every non-Bolshevik party. These actions were all during the first of Lenin's economy policies - State Capitalism. This policy wasn't as ideological as the New Economic Policy (NEP) introduced in 1921 where although economic control was relaxed, political control was tightened, but it was a start. ...read more.

Middle

By 1923 the NEP was responsible for 3/4s of all retail trade and in 1926 the economy had almost regained the production rates of 1913. However, the economic policy which without doubt caused the most opposition was War Communism. Every single group turned against Lenin, even including people from his own, towards the end of war communism. Lenin used oppressive and violent tactics to exert control over Russia and the least popular technique was grain requisitioning. He turned the peasants against him almost instantly by sending the Cheka to forcefully take their grain to sell. The peasants resisted by producing the bare minimum, this gradually led to inflation, then famine. 1/5 people died from starvation. By October 1920 the rouble was worth 1% of its 1917 value. ...read more.

Conclusion

Overall, the most successful economic policy was NEP, even though some saw it as disloyalty because they thought some kulaks were exploiting poorer peasants the majority was happy and it was an essential step for Lenin to take. The economy improved greatly because of the NEP, this is shown by the grain harvest rates, in 1921, the end of war communism, 37.6 million tons were produced, and then 4 years into the NEP this doubled to 72.5 million tons. War Communism was such a failure because Lenin used forceful and suppressive tactics which reminded Russia of tsarist times which they had fought for so long to be rid of. Lenin turned the people against him and gained many enemies. Yagmur Ekici ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. The Significance of Lenin in the Bolshevik Revolution (1917-1923)

    them and foreign troops who were angry at Russia pulling out of the war and determined to stop the spread of Communism. The Bolsheviks literally faced enemies on all sides. There is no doubt that the problems faced by the Bolsheviks were very serious and posed a real threat to their survival during the revolutionary period.

  2. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    it painfully obvious that the war could not be won by military means. By the time of the October Revolution, even someone as closely linked to the Provisional Government as Alexander Verkhovsky, the minister of war, could conclude that the situation was hopeless, and that the only way of keeping

  1. War communism and NEP

    An advantage of this tax was that it was a 'tax in kind' so that the people may give a proportion of whatever they had made instead of needing to earn money to pay tax, giving the peasants some incentive to produce more.

  2. The significance of Lenin in the Bolshevik Revolution (1917-1923).

    Gregory Zinoviev, another Bolshevik leader helped with the 1905 revolution by joining in the organisation of it. Zinoviev worked with Lenin and Kamenev while in exile to produce many propaganda magazines and pamplets.Lev Kamenev toured Russia making many propaganda speeches, he was also responsible for the railway strike in St.Petersberg during the 1905 revolution.

  1. Soviet State

    The passports gave the government centralised control over where people lived and worked, and enabled them to tie workers either to the town or the countryside, as proletarians or peasants. * Demand for labour was so high, that in 1929, unemployment stood at 1.7million, while in 1931 it had dwindled to almost nothing.

  2. Explain why these policies aroused opposition within the Bolsheviks within the USSR?

    Lenin had managed to dodge yet another bullet but knew that desperate action was needed, even if it meant going against his ideological beliefs slightly. By 1921 the economy was in serious trouble due to the strain of seven years of foreign and civil war combined with war communism.

  1. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    Seen as inappropriate for women to take an active part in politics, even if they were married to party members. 4. Even if women were involved in politics, they still had their domestic responsibilities. 5. When unemployment rose in NEP Russia, women were forced into lower paid, unskilled work.

  2. How significant was Lenin between the years 1902-1918 to the formation of the Bolshevik ...

    had any reason to alter them as a form of propaganda, must be considered. In addition, Lenin expressed his wish to end the war with Germany (see source 3); seen through his demand for incessant anti-war propaganda and once again isolating the Bolsheviks from the pro-war PG ? a tact decision considering the unpopularity of the institution.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work