• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did Stalin come to power and stay there?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

William Nixon History Coursework How did Stalin come to power and stay there? Stalin came to power in 1929, after out-manoeuvring his opposition in the Communist Party through political scheming and taking advantage of the mistakes they made. He stayed in power by getting rid of his opponents in brutal and unfair ways. It took Stalin 5 years to become completely established as Lenin's successor. Stalin started his climb to power when Lenin gave him the important job of requisitioning grain from Southern farmers in order to feed the North. As a reward for this, Lenin made him responsible for the Red Army in the South. This brought him in direct conflict with Trotsky. He was then given the position of General Secretary of the party. By taking on many important jobs he was able to create an important power base because he had many supporters who owed their position to him. Before Lenin died, he had to decide who would succeed him; the obvious two choices were Trotsky and Stalin. Although it was very close Lenin had wanted Trotsky to be the one, this was a major draw back for Stalin. No one really knew about this until after Lenin died. ...read more.

Middle

Once Stalin was in power he found it easy to stay there, through harsh ways he defeated his opponents. As Stalin's supporters now filled the Politburo, he now had a good relationship with the members, which meant he could make as many new policies as he wanted without having people oppose them. Stalin made new economic and social policies all of which were carried through. As part of his economic policies, Stalin decided to modernise the USSR as it was far behind any other country, technology wise. Stalin himself said, "We are 50 to 100 years behind the advanced countries." To start with brought peasants in from the country to towns to work in newly built factories. He dedicated these factories to building artillery. He came up with 3 'Five Year Plans' each of which were set up to enable the USSR to 'Catch-Up' with technology. The 1st FYP was dedicated to building new industrial cities from nothing and setting up steel mills in many places. The 2nd FYP was focused on the 1st but built upon it. Heavy industry was still a priority but other areas, such as mining for lead, tin, zinc and other minerals, transport and communications and railways and canals, were developed. ...read more.

Conclusion

He made sure he was close to Lenin so that he was popular with the people. He used the positions of power that he held very shrewdly by making sure that anyone who opposed him lost their job and putting in their place people who would support him. He was very ruthless and played those who opposed him, such as Trotsky and Bukharin, off against one another. Once in power he ruled by fear by controlling the people so that they would be too afraid to oppose him. He used the secret police to crush any opposition. He remained popular with the people by developing the 'Cult of the Personality'; history was rewritten so that Lenin and Stalin were the only heroes of the Revolution. He used propaganda to good effect especially in Education. Portraits, photographs and statues of Stalin were everywhere and everything was done to promote Stalin from street names to poems about him or music composed praising him. Religious worship was banned, as he did not want the people to have any loyalty other than to him. Stalin had control of everything, from the economy to the mass media and freedom of speech was denied to Soviet citizens. So it was by these means that Stalin was able to take power and hold on to it after Lenin's death. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. How realistic are POW films?

    Even though source A4 says that there was no food shortages this is realistic because colditz was an oflag and the Geneva Convention was kept to unlike the other POW camps. The fact that there were no food shortages contradicts with many other sources but we have to take into account tat the Geneva Convention was kept to.

  2. Calvin and Knox: Religious Thinker and Religious Politician

    Calvinism is his interpretation of biblical writing and is a major camp of theology within Christianity in today's world. Calvinism adheres to a very high view of scripture and is based solely on God's word. It focuses on God's sovereignty.

  1. Why Stalin was able to hold on to power in the Soviet Union: ...

    The Communist party had been purged of anyone likely to face up to Stalin, and all of the old Bolsheviks of the 1917 revolution were gone. History books were rewritten in order to erase any memory of these counter-revolutionaries. By 1939, People's lives were crippled with fear of the NKVD,

  2. Soviet history - The Purge.

    still uncertain and when Nadezhda Allilueva, his second wife, committed suicide after having dared to criticize him for the suffering collectivization had caused countless Soviet peasants. However, senior-level party leaders, including his former left-wing and right-wing opponents, sided with Stalin and against the peasants, while hundreds of thousands of less

  1. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    relatively short and placed around ten through fifteen pages into the paper. It can be suspected that these articles were viewed with high importance in relation to international news, but the paper was situated so that there was barely any news in the first ten pages, and after that there was primarily local coverage before any world news.

  2. How and why did Stalin come to power?

    With Trotsky appearing to be inline to take control, Stalin, Kamenev, and Zinoviev formed a triumvirate of successors allied against him. They allied against Trotsky because he was an intellectual, a Jew and seen as bourgeoisie, with hard line left policies Stalin took great care to use the words "as Lenin said..."

  1. Blitzkrieg coursework

    After invading Belgium on May 10th 1940 from the eastern frontier of Luxembourg the Germans had advanced across Northern Luxembourg, through the natural defenses of the Ardennes Forest to Sedan in France and advanced Northwards to the English Channel, occupying Abbeville on May 20th, a total of 240 miles, in11 days.

  2. Why was Stalin able to come to power by 1929?

    They spread rumours about the opposition and also gained control of the Politburo and Central Committee. A second pivotal factor to why Stalin was able to come to power in Russia by 1929 was simply down to his political skill.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work