• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did Stalin Rather Than His Rivals Manage To Secure Power In 1929?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How did Stalin Rather Than His Rivals Manage To Secure Power In 1929? In 1924, Russia was in a great state of confusion with the eventual demise of Lenin. A sudden sense of void was felt at the time, a vast following was then swiftly formed straight after, and Lenin was now presented as a "cult hero". This iconic status was actually created partly by Stalin himself. He was able to build this fantastic atmosphere around Lenin's death, using Lenin's name to move forward in the party. Stalin was already ranked with potential of becoming a powerful politician. Stalin was part of the collective leadership, the Triumvirate that consisted of Zinoviev, Kamenev and Stalin himself. The Triumvirate had its differences between them, but were united with their hostility towards Trotsky. "On the face of it Trotsky was in a strong position. One of his supporters said to him that, having Lenin's explicit support, he was now sure to have a preponderant role. Trotsky answered that, on the contrary, it would unite all his rivals against him". (Stalin breaker of nations, Robert Conquest) ...read more.

Middle

Just as Stalin tried to portray himself as the heir to Lenin as leader, he similarly tried to elevate himself as the only orthodox Leninist when it came to political debates. When Lenin introduced the NEP in 1922, it was never to last. Lenin however was very unclear about an actual date it would all end. Proposed as a financial incentive to try boosting the economy in Russia, it was only temporary as it was an aspect of capitalism. It was never a policy to be retained. "Lenin had uttered contradictorily remarks about the NEP, not making it clear whether it was only meant to provide breathing space or whether it would continue for a long time. In any case the NEP became both impractical and politically unacceptable." (Stalin, Harold Shukman) The fact no date was mentioned, it added incredibly to the ambiguity of the situation where Stalin took full advantage. The NEP, created a huge conflict between the Left and Right. Bukharin (Right) believed the NEP should remain, as it was a runaway success, as it created jobs, and economic stability. Trotsky who represented the Left wanted it to end as soon as possible, he was not against the policy as it already had been a success it should now end. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is where Stalin's working class background helped Stalin gain almost absolute support from the party. "Most of them came like Stalin himself, from very humble back grounds and have received little formal education. Mistrusting intellectuals such as Trotsky, they preferred to place their trust in Stalin's wisdom... when it came to matters of ideology."(Orlando Figes, A People's Tragedy, The Russian Revolution 1891 -1924) Stalin succeeded in the Ideological debate, this could be seen as both Stalin's strength as a politician or even challenge the whole ideal of Permanent revolution. Stalin won the ideological debate claiming he believed in the concept of "Socialism in one country" beyond doubt. Fitzpatrick confirms this as she states "Stalin, by contrast, took the position that was simultaneously patriotic and practical: the Soviet Union had no desire to beg favours from the Capitalist West." The historian Brezezinski however contradicts this view, he is not concerned about the figures involved, he believes it was the whole outlook of permanent revolution which was flawed from the very beginning, "Trotsky offended the instinct for self-preservation of the newly entrenched party bureaucrats, who were not prepared to risk all on the altar of a premature world revolution." ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. How did Stalin manage to secure power in Russia by 1929?

    This made Stalin " by far the cleverer politician... He had out-manoeuvred his arch-rival on every possible front, not least through his skilful manipulation of the 'cult' of Leninism, which was established immediately after the Bolshevik leader's death." (Alan Wood). This contrasts Stalin's implicit skill, with Trotsky's lack of judgement.

  2. Compare the Characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin

    1934 there was a nationwide famine, killing 5 million people causing the agricultural production to fall by 15%. Stalin also managed to improve literacy in Russia which helped to upturn the backwardness of Russia. Although Stalin managed to transform Russia into a world superpower he did it in the most

  1. Leni Riefenstahl The Propagandist or Artist? A Historiographical Debate.

    She, however, claims to not have connected this fascination with the Nazis promotion of the 'master race'. * In reality, the Olympics were yet another area where Jews were excluded, despite the International Olympic Committee's attempts to alleviate discrimination. * In 1938 she went to America to promote Olympia.

  2. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    In one Guberniia, it is possible to see how far these massagers of revolutionary ideas had progressed by looking at the map: cantons near the railroad line went for the Bolsheviks and those further away for the S.R.'s, simply because the soldiers had worked the villages near the stations but had not penetrated into the interior.

  1. How far does Stalins position as General Secretary explain his success in defeating his ...

    The triumvirate discredited Trotsky because it capitalised on the 'Cult of Lenin', suggesting that Trotsky was disloyal to the former leader and his ideas. They claimed that his book showed apparent disrespect for Lenin, they questioned his ideology, and they also focused on his lack of activities since the revolution.

  2. Impact of the Russian revolution - Ideology matters.

    What appeared to be needed to get the underdeveloped country moving has been collective effort inspired by a national sense of political purpose. Only governments had sufficient capital, organizational skills, and commitment to make rapid development possible. Ideologically, therefore, the intelligentsia of such countries gravitated to one or another of

  1. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    Stalin could only get him imprisoned at first, but he was eventually executed in 1937. 3. British engineers (1933): Six were tried for industrial spying. The Kirov assassination: 1. Sergei Kirov is portrayed as one of the most popular Communist leaders.

  2. Compare the characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin.

    These plans were highly ambitious. Since the aim was to make Russia powerful, the Plans concentrated on heavy industry, like in iron and steel, hydroelectricity and coal - mining. The second Plan was to develop transport. Thousands of dirty traks were turned into metaled rocks.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work