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How did the Bolsheviks consolidate their rule?

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How did the Bolsheviks consolidate their rule? The Bolsheviks led by Lenin first came into power after the revolution in November 1917 when they stormed the Winter Palace without much opposition. The Bolsheviks were only in control of two cities when they first came in. These two cities were Petrograd and Moscow. They had no experience running a country before. They did not have the support of most of the Russian people. So they were in a weak position and had to do something to get more support. Lenin's slogan was 'Peace, Bread and Land' and he knew that he had to deliver otherwise the Russian people would turn against him. ...read more.


Lenin also promised free elections to the Constituent Assembly which were held in 1917. The Bolsheviks did not gain a majority so Lenin solved this problem by sending the Red Guards to close down the Assembly. The Assembly was soon forgotten. Lenin had to make good his promise for peace. He put Trotsky in charge of negotiating a peace treaty with Germany but wanted him to spin out the negotiations as long as possible. Lenin hoped that a socialist revolution would break out in Germany as it had in Russia. There was no revolution and Germany started to advance again. Lenin had to accept their terms of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk in March 1918. ...read more.


Not even the Tsar escaped. The Red Army approached Ekaterinburg where the Tsar was. They ordered the execution of the Tsar and his family. By 1921 the Bolsheviks had defeated the White Army and were securely in control of Russia. The Bolsheviks introduced a harsh policy called War Communism.They made sure that the towns and armies were fed by forcing peasants to give them food. They took over factories so they were able to supply ammunition and equipment to armies. Communist theories were put into practice and the wealth was shared out among the Russian people. The war was won but war communism caused a famine. The Bolsheviks policies gave them more power and meant that they kept the Russians under control. Lenin's policies led to the new constitution which turned the Russian Empire into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). ...read more.

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