• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did the Holocaust happen, and who is responsible?

Extracts from this document...


How did the Holocaust happen, and who is responsible? The Holocaust is the name given to describe the murder of approximately six million Jews in Europe during World War II, which was a plan devised and carried out by the Nazi's under the rule of Adolf Hitler. There are many different viewpoints of how the Holocaust actually came about, but my primary belief is that it was down to Hitler. During 1941 the Nazi's began to display anti-Semitic propaganda as the beginning of their aim to remove Jewish presence in Europe, which they codenamed their 'Final Solution'. By 1945 an estimated six million Jewish people had died through various different ways such as concentration camps, massacres and forced marches; the six million estimation is roughly two thirds of the current population of Jews in Europe at that time. Many people knew of the 'Final Solution' but they did not seem to rise to it, and thousands collaborated with the Nazi regime willingly, although there is much debate to what extent indoctrination and submission of the people to propaganda played a part in their compliance. The Nazi's were not the first to persecute the Jews, it began around two thousand years ago. Anti-Semitic teachings were widespread among European Christians. Some people believe that the Holocaust was merely the shocking inevitability which doomed the Jewish people for centuries, and the Nazi's just exploited that inevitability. The Nazi's exploited this long lasting hatred with the addition of gas chambers, railway infrastructures, concentration camps and gigantic ovens which made the process much quicker and efficient. ...read more.


The children were subject to an extreme bombardment of propaganda and Nazi ideologies which made the acceptance very easy. Teaching consisted of different anti-Semitic lessons such as distinguishing the difference between a Jew and a German, and the idea of the Aryan 'perfect' race was strongly re-enforced. Hitler had the Hitler Youth programme which consisted of what may be seen as a training regime for the young to become the next German army. The boys pressured each other into joining the Hitler Youth programme, and those who didn't were subject to vast torment, humiliation and segregation due to them not participating in the Nazi regime. This shows on a very deep level that the German people wanted to be part of something good. The whole Nazi regime, as many people have said seemed perfect at the time. Hitler had salvaged Germany from an economic low reducing unemployment vastly and providing many services from the state which would otherwise not have been available to the masses. The German people were kept constantly happy, so it seemed, and everything that Hitler and the Nazi regime brought their way was simply accepted. This may be seen as an excuse for the participation of the bystanders and the willingness of the German people to participate in the Nazi regime, but I truly believe that had there not been the benefits that they had received, and been lulled into a false sense of security believing that they were far better off with the regime, that the anti-Semitic views would most definitely have not been accepted and acted upon such as they were. ...read more.


It is said that many condemned Kristallnacht even at the risk of their own liberty. None of this opposition was widely documented, and the majority of reading material leads you to believe that the majority of people were in actual fact in support of the anti-Semitic policies due to a censorship and the fact that some people lived in constant fear and with the inability to speak out due to fear of oppression. In conclusion it is my firm belief that it was due to many factors and the full combination of them all, but dominantly the role that Hitler played that the Holocaust existed. I do not believe that it would have been possible for the Holocaust to have taken place without Hitler and the Nazi party working together adequately in preventing the German people from rebelling against the Nazi regime with a constant supply of intricate propaganda in different forms, some of which in your face, other methods much more subliminal. Ultimately Hitler played the biggest role in the persecution of the Jews as it was ultimately his aim to have a scapegoat, a reason as to why the 'great German nation' lost the First World War; the Jewish people were his window of opportunity, and he seized that with a solid foundation and position in German society by being much loved due to his characteristics and the belief held by many German people that he was actually doing a vast amount of good for the German economy and returning it to be the powerful state which it once was. ?? ?? ?? ?? Daniel Horner LVISW ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. This essay will examine the rise of anti-Semitism from ancient times to the Holocaust ...

    By the late nineteenth century, despite only making up one percent of the German population, the Jews in Germany were regarded as a problem. Increasing economic and social change easily encouraged those affected by this transformation in society, the peasant farmers, shopkeepers and skilled workers, to blame the Jews for all that was wrong in Germany.

  2. How far was the holocaust a long term plan of nazi racial policy?

    The phrase "Hitler's ideas" is of key importance. Mein Kampf was written by Hitler and was not written by the Nazi Regime and therefore it can be argued that it is only Hitler's ideas and not the Nazi Party's policy.

  1. Hitler and the Nazi Regime - revision sheet.

    After all, Germany has briefly defeated Russia in 1917-1918, but this victory had been of no practical use while they faced defeat in western Europe. In Operation Barbarossa (to take over the Soviets) he gambled all - and lost disatrously.?Economically Hitler desired to do away with the evils of the

  2. The Wannsee Conference was entirely responsible for the Holocaust. How valid is this assessment ...

    male being crucified on a Young plan cross whilst a Jewish man is stood laughing and politicians are fighting in the background. This suggests that the Jews were happy about the reparation payments set up by Owen D Young after the effects of the Wall Street Crash in 1929.

  1. The Holocaust

    Jews are to be defined solely on the basis of race, and not of the basis of religion" (Cohn-Sherbok, D., 2003. pp 273-274). This marked a turning point in the rise of anti-Semitism as the persecution was no longer based on religion, but race.

  2. Hitler's Willing Executioners - The role of Ordinary Germans during the Holocaust

    was elevated to Godhood" in Christianity and the Jews believed in "One God who is indivisible". Conversion was the first anti - Jewish policy and if it was unsuccessful then the second anti- Jewish policy would be implemented, which was expulsion and exclusion.

  1. Assess the view that the Holocaust was mainly a result of a long term ...

    In line with his overall argument the effect is to imply that the Holocaust in itself a long term plan, which is a misrepresentation given the author's avoidance of this terminology. In truth, the language used by Hitler on the issue was only consistent it is obscurity.

  2. The Holocaust was the result of Hitlers long held grand design to pursue a ...

    OWN SOURCE 2 On January 9, 1349, nearly the entire Jewish population of Basel was massacred (burnt alive) by the townspeople. Woodcut, 1493 At the end of the 14th century in Europe, scores were dying from the Black Plague and the people of the time did not understand why.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work