• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did The Second World War affect America?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Vishal Sookur 20/2/02 How did The Second World War affect America? Having been drawn into World War II by the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour, America was inevitably altered in many ways by the wartime circumstances and the affects of which are still noticeably present today. The war induced economical, social and political reforms in America. America is one of the world's great superpowers and with such massive territorial and economical resources she became the main source for arms and equipment flowing into Europe. Existing factories were adapted to cater for the demand for war machines and with this sudden influx of business, provided by the Allied war effort, America found herself in a wartime economic boom. More jobs were available due to the new demand and wages increased leading to a generally higher standard of living. With the primary focus on arms and weapons there was a shortage of consumer goods during the war but following that saw a return of consumer goods and mass exportation to Europe opening up a new market for commerce. ...read more.

Middle

Discrimination against African-Americans also began to subside slightly as President Roosevelt implemented the F.E.P.C. (Fair Employment Practices Committee), to end racial indiscrimination in the war industries, following the actions of A. Phillip Randolph in 1941. This was sparked off by the increased segregation of blacks and whites in the US armed forces despite the supposedly unified war effort and the fact that other countries did not implore segregated units. The black population were angry that their colour would instantly condemn them to low indignant lives. However during the war reforms were welcomed to certain extents and by 1945 blacks employed by the government rose from 60,000 to 200,000. Then without the intervention of the FEPC all three war services allowed black officers still however segregated but nevertheless improving standards between blacks and whites. It seems that the war did not have an active role in reforming the situation in America between blacks and whites but it provided a form of passive provocation. With the increased need for workers and factories many cities became popular sites for those seeking employment such as the African-Americans and poor southern farmers. ...read more.

Conclusion

This aimed to improve social security, provide full employment, increase the minimum wage, build more homes and secure employment equality for all races. This ambitious policy never really achieved its aims for the mostly Republican Congress largely opposed the Fair Deal due to its high expenditure and need for increased taxation. This led to Government control being reduced considerably as was introduced during the Depression and wartime. Socially America has changed considerably and sexual and racial discrimination has been tackled. Women in particular have been granted or have fought for the right to work with the fortunate circumstances of the war creating a definite social change. Also economically America has benefited for many of what were the Allied countries are still within a trading circle with the USA as its centre and looking at the more short-term benefits, America prospered with all the required arms production resting upon her factories. Politically taxes have remained high and Government power has been reduced but without the policy of Containment Eastern Europe may not have recovered with such effectiveness and America may have descended into another depression due to poor over-seas commerce. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Total War, Britain during the Second World War

    They show a bus in a huge hole in the middle of the street. Other underground stations were hit, including Piccadilly and Acton. The government also prevented the publication of other photographs that might have affected the morale of the British people.

  2. How did the World War II affect America?

    and helped to defeat the nazi tyranny, returned to America to be denied their own basic civil rights. Towards the end of the war, it did become slightly better for the black community, but it was not extremely significant.

  1. What Impact did the Second World War have on the lives of women in ...

    For example, instead of one person being able to buy a pair of shoes every six months, they were given a certain amount of points, which could be used, on any number of rationed items. The first clothes rationing books were issued on the 1st June 1942, these were intended

  2. China After World War II

    Its method is two-fold: 1. Pressure on Chiang Kai-shek to "democratize" the Kuomintang regime through the formation of a coalition government with the Stalinists and the Democratic League (a loose federation of small petty-bourgeois "liberal" groups such as the Third Party, the Youth Party, the Village Self-Government Party, the Vocational Education League, the National Salvation Society).

  1. In what ways did the Second World War affect the lives of ordinary people ...

    sense of national pride and the righteousness of defending your country until the death. Churchill became a figurehead of national identity because he organised the war and had an excellent charisma that could motivate people. Another stereotype, the British bulldog, represents peoples view of Churchill; fierce, loyal and brave.

  2. How does the notion of rightful or higher authority affect the ethics of war?

    Kant states that the people must be regarded as having given their sanction as they have the right to vote. This right to vote is an important point when it comes to the notion of rightful authority. A government must represent the wishes of its public.

  1. The role of Saddam Hussain in serving the aims of America in the Middle ...

    relatively small increase in the cost of production caused by the increase in oil prices. Furthermore, Washington set about working secretly towards toppling the British agents and replace them with her own agents especially in the Gulf region. The campaign started with the assassination of King Faisal so that her agent Fahad, the heir apparent, could take control of Saudi.

  2. What Was The Impact Of World War I On America?

    War may have arisen also because Wilson's sympathy lay with Britain and a German victory would have been very damaging financially. By 1917, $2 billion from the USA had been leant to the Allies and American factories were dependant on purchases of war equipment, so America was biased towards supporting the Allies.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work