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How did the World War II affect America?

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Introduction

How did the World War II affect America? The year marked 1945 the end of the Second World War, and Hitler had finally been defeated. However, the war had left its mark on many countries, and had certainly affected America. However, not all of the changes were bad changes, but they were changes nevertheless. The war affected America socially, economically, and politically. There were many effects on American society after the war, between and whites, women and men, and migration all across America. The war led to a vast migration of the American people. Nine million workers and families moved to the new defence industries, but this caused severe social problems, resulting in higher divorce rates, housing shortages, and schools which were unable to cope with the huge influx of children. The wartime resulted in a huge change in the role of women. During the war, the number of working women rose from fourteen million in 1940 to nineteen million in 1945, and with this, their wages rose by 50% between 1941 and 1943. ...read more.

Middle

The World War II was a reminder for many blacks of the inequality of American society, and a black soldier said, "Just carve on my tombstone, "Here Lies a black man, killed fighting a yellow man for the protection of a white man." There were changes to America's economy as well during and after the war, and in particular, the war time boom. The biggest contributor to the victory in the WWII was industry, and industries that had been inactive were now "humming with activity". Many factories were converted make war vehicles; such as tanks and flamers, and the Willow Run Factory was able to produce one B-24 bomber every hour. The prosperity went all through America's society, and government spending rose dramatically from $9billion in 1940 to $98billion in 1944. Wages increased hugely all over the country from rich to poor. Also, big businesses, especially those involved in the defence industry, became much more powerful, and surprisingly, military spending remained between 8 and 20 percent of GNP in the 40 years after 1945. ...read more.

Conclusion

One of the most significant changes was the new feel of the anti-communist threat. Fears of communism had been raised by the Maoist victory in China and the Korean War. President Truman had built up some of this to gain support for his Marshall Plan and the Truman Doctrine, but it was now rapidly getting out of proportion. Attorney General McGrath said in 1949, "They are everywhere...and each carries the germ of death of society." Another change was in taxes. The huge amount of government spending had led to high levels of federal taxation, and this feature, largely in income tax, still remains today, making it quite a significant change. Overall, the WWII made a number of significant changes on American peoples lifestyle, socially, economically, and politically. Women's roles had changed, there had been a wartime boom, and now there was a strong feel throughout America of a huge communist threat. This would eventually lead to McCarthyism where suspected communists were sought out, and put on trial without evidence, and even some Hollywood actors were put on trial. David Seckington L5M ...read more.

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