• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did World War II affect the lives of civilians in Wales and Britain?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

HISTORY - BLITZ COURSEWORK HOW DID WORLD WAR II AFFECT THE LIVES OF CIVILILIANS IN WALES AND BRITAIN? 1) Q. What can you learn from sources 4-6 about the home life of some of the working class evacuees? What problems do you think may have resulted, both from the point of view of the evacuees and their hosts? Evacuation was when the British government feared that Hitler's bombing of major cities would mean the death of thousands of men women and children between the years of 1939 and 1945. It was because of this slaughter that it was decided that many men, women and children would have to be re-housed in the country. During the course of the war, over 33,000 people were re-housed in the Rhondda area alone. And it is from sources 4 -6 that you can tell what life at home in the city was like for the poorer, working class evacuees. Source 4, (extracts made on evacuation by the women's institute) tells us many vivid descriptions of the evacuees that they were hosting at the time. 'Verminous little children lacking any knowledge of clean habits' tell us that the children did not have any former experience of washing on a regular basis. Words and phrases such as 'scabies', 'dirty septic sores' and ' ragged little garments' are all words that back up these points. 'Many of the mothers and children were bed wetters.' This line tells us of how traumatised they were after being made to leave their homes. However is this source reliable, these people (the women's institute) may have been exaggerating how bad the conditions were for them because they hated housing the evacuees. Also it is just from one organisation or group and doesn't give a fair viewpoint of the times. Conversely, a positive outlook on the source would be that they did have first hand experience of the times. ...read more.

Middle

would be going off to fight, it was decided to 'move' thousands of women and children out of the cities being bombed, and, according to the text book 'Family at war' into 'safe' Wales. However, this source is a contradiction in itself, because if Wales was so safe, how come thousands of people had to be evacuated from Cardiff and Swansea to the mining Valleys? As I look at more sources from the booklet, I can see that they are telling us of a distinct danger in Wales. Source 9, taken from the same textbook as source 2, has the line; 'Night after night, wave after wave of German bombers raided England and WALES' This tells us of the fact that Wales indeed, was not safe. Another line from this source is that 'Wales was a safer place to live than the industrial cities of England' but then again, where wasn't, and although it may have been 'safer' it still can't be described as 'safe', as it then goes on, to read that there were 'many raids on Welsh towns'. However, this is a secondary source that has been printed in a text book for low ability pupils, so, not only may it have lost an element of truth as it has been passed on through various different ages, it may also have been 'dumbed down' to make it easier to understand for the pupils of lesser ability. Pembroke Dock, here in West Wales, was very important to Britain during the war. This was due to the vast quantities of oil and fuel reserves stored there, which the planes and other vehicles needed in order to function. And, unsurprisingly, Germany knew this, and source 10 tells us of the bombing raid on Pembroke Dock by the Germans, which resulted in the loss of '33,000,000 gallons of oil' and that it was one of the most 'vicious fires of the second world war'. ...read more.

Conclusion

Many other things changed for civilians as well as these, including the appointment of a new Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, as described in his profile below: WINSTON CHURCHILL Winston Churchill was an inspirational leader who enthused the British public into believing that they could win the war. He did this through his many speeches that created a high morale throughout the country. On May 13th as Prime Minister of a Britain at war, he spoke the words that every British person would remember... "What have I to offer, I can offer you nothing except blood, toil, tears and sweat.... you ask. What is our policy? I will say....It is to wage war, by sea, land and air, with all our might....to wage war against a monstrous tyranny, never surpassed in the dark, lamentable catalogue of human crime. That is our policy. You ask...What is our aim? I can answer that in just one word.....Victory". During the Second World War Churchill's constant radio talks and messages to his people not only encouraged thousands, but gave inspiration and hope to every man, woman and serviceman. His leadership was second to none and this can only be acclaimed to his experience during the First World War where he gave up his political position to take up service with the Army in France. A dockworker in London's East End summed up every Britain's feelings towards Churchill, when asked about Britain's chances in the war he said, ".....we know Britain will claim victory, why?....because 'Winnie' told us so." During his life, Churchill made many different remarks and quotes, all of which were inspirational to Britain's victory and spirit. However, despite some disagreement from some corners, on large, the spirit of Britain can be summed up by the words; - "We shall fight on the beaches. We shall fight on the landing grounds. We shall fight in the fields, and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills. We shall never surrender!" Adam Hughes 11MPB 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Total War, Britain during the Second World War

    The Germans also used high explosive bombs, weighing 500 or 1,000 pounds, but the most dangerous were land mines, which drifted down on parachutes and exploded later. On average the Germans dropped 200 tonnes of bombs every twenty-four hours, but on 15 October, 538 tonnes of bombs were dropped, the largest amount at any time during the war.

  2. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    . . Only one language do they understand-how many divisions have you?" Stalin, meanwhile, charged Britain and the United States with repressing democratic insurgents in Greece, declaring that it was the western Allies, not the Soviet Union, that endangered world peace.

  1. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    On Aug. 13, 1961, the East German Communists began to build a wall of cement and barbed wire between East and West Berlin. To confirm the right of the Western powers to remain in West Berlin, the United States sent troops to the city by highway.

  2. In what ways did World War I affect the lives of civilians in Britain ...

    working- class discontent and industrial unrest reached a peak.' The Defence of Realm Act (DORA) gave the government almost unlimited powers to introduce any regulations it considered necessary for the war effort. The new laws imposed forced British citizens to live under strict controls - suspending civil rights for the duration of the war.

  1. Why did hitler bomb british cities?

    The blackouts also had the effect of giving that illusion that the bombers were in the wrong place. In addition to getting rid of the lights in the cities, they also would place lots of lights on top of hills all around, giving the wrong impression again, and therefore minimise damage.

  2. Causes of World War II

    By the early 1930's, it had halted Europe's economic recovery. The Great Depression caused mass unemployment, wide spread poverty and despair. It weakened democratic governments and strengthened extreme political movements that promised to end the economic problems. Two movements in particular gained strength.

  1. A REPORT ON "The London Bombings: One Person's Experience"

    The detailed interview was used to elicit the individual's personal meanings. Kelly devised this as "every person is his or her scientist, seeking to predict and control his own world"1 I have used the ethnographic life-history interview, a typical mean which is very detailed and collects insightful data from one

  2. Causes of World War II Many historians have traced the causes ...

    Two movements in particular gained strength. The forces of Communism, known as the Left, called for revolution by the workers. The forces of fascism, called the Right, favored strong national government. Throughout Europe, the forces of the Left clashed with the forces of the Right. The political extremes gained the most support in countries with the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work