• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How do you account for the huge territorial expansion of the United States in the 1840's

Extracts from this document...


How do you account for the huge territorial expansion of the United States in the 1840's? Throughout 1815 to 1860, the USA changed faster than in the previous 200 years. It was seen as the land of opportunities and masses of Europeans migrated to the USA. Population figures doubled every 25 years. The number of states rised from 18 in 1815, to 30 by 1860. The agrarian society was soon replaced by a growing capitalist and commercial economy and there were advancements in transport and communication. Cities grew and the country was divided into three main sectors- agrarian west: mass immigration and industrial revolution in the Northeast and the slaveholding south. People moved westwards searching for new lives and opportunities. One of the reasons for territorial expansion had to do with "The Manifest Destiny". In 1840, territorial expansion reached a peak due to British threat and manifest destiny. The term Manifest Destiny was first used by Congressman Robert Winthrop and then made popular by newspaper publisher John O'Sullivan in the 1840's. It meant that it was Gods "will" Americans to spread throughout the USA. From the day Mexico won independence from Spain in 1822, it offered liberal land grants to whites who where willing to move there, this attracted over 20,000 by 1830. ...read more.


Steamboats made their greatest impact in the west. States such as New Orleans, which was the natural outlet for Western, flour, corn, beef, tobacco etc grew rapidly leading to territorial expansion in the West. Railroads took over competition, and steam locomotives resolved the struggle for Western markets. More than $1,250 million was invested in railroads between 1830 and 1860. The rivalry between East and West led to an advertisement war. To most Americans "the West" still referred to the area between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River. Knowing that the average migrant wanted stability and security, newspaper reports and pamphlets aimed at describing the West to easterners usually stressed the bountiful resources of the region. This showed the desire of the federal government to encourage settlement and development in the west. The West had particular values, which attracted immigrants and Europeans to migrate to its lands. It was more innovative, self-reliant and aggressively democratic than the East. This led Western towns to grow fast. In the 1840's, the total urban population grew from 1,843,500 to 3,548,000, an increase of 92%. Changes in the public land policy, such as "The Land Act of 1796", also helped Western settlement. ...read more.


True believes in Mormonism created prosperous communities wherever they settled leading to resentment. They migrated to Missouri but after several massacre moved to Illinois. Their Smith was arrested and murdered in June 1944. Brigham Young became his successor and led to the basin of Great Salt Lake in the Mexican territory, apparently inhospitable for any other white to live. Centralized planning and collective irrigation from mountain streams enabled Mormons to survive. Abraham Lincoln believed that the Mormons should "I propose to let them alone". Along with the migration of the Mormons, the Gold Rush led to the most remarkable westward migration. In 1848 gold had been discovered in the Sacramento Valley. Within a year, 80,000 49ers arrived in California, a population big enough to be justified as statehood. In 1850, they applied to become a state. In conclusion I would say that the huge territorial expansion in the USA was due to the fact, that Europeans saw it as the land of opportunity. Religious movements, economic development and incidents like the Gold Rush led greatly to expansion. People looked for a better life and the idea of becoming prosperous in a short period of time attracted large amounts of people to become part of the Gold Rush. It was the hope that their lives would improve that caused the mass amount of immigration. . Christian Hidalgo Year 12 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Westward Expansion.

    new life or increase their wealth, the American government under went a policy of removal. Indians were removed from land that was ready to be settled in order to make the land more attractive to settlers. This policy of removal to unfit land came into precedence in1812 after the Battle Of Tippecanoe where the Indians attempted resistance.

  2. American Westward Expansion and the Pacific Railroad.

    part of the United States today were it not for the Oregon Trail because the Trail was the only practicable way for settlers to get across the mountains. The journey west on the Oregon Trail was so difficult. One people in tem died along the way.

  1. The California Gold Rush.

    I was utterly surprised, because the day before I had sent up everything he required, mill iron and provisions. I could not imagine what he wanted, yet I conducted him to my private rooms.... We entered and I shut the door behind me.

  2. Employment for Illegal Immigrants The foundation of the United States has always been greatly ...

    The truth, however, is that President Bush's proposal actually helps maintain the security of American boarders. Also, in addition to the proposal, vast efforts are being made to secure U.S. boarders from terrorists. Boarder patrol has expanded and boarder protection funding has increased by 40 percent in the last two years.

  1. Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a ...

    The territory later came under royal control as South Carolina (1721) and North Carolina (1729). In 1664 an English fleet arrived to claim by right of prior discovery the land along the Hudson and Delaware rivers that had been settled and occupied by the Dutch since 1624.

  2. History of the United States

    envisioned a God angered at human transgressions, who chose, purely according to his inscrutable will, a mere "righteous fragment" for salvation. Dissidents of a Baptist orientation founded Rhode Island (chartered 1644). In 1639, Puritans on what was then the frontier established the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, the first written constitution in North America; the colony was chartered in 1662.

  1. The 50 year period between 1900 and 1950 remains as perhaps the most important ...

    and a plan that would bring the country out of the Depression. The New Deal called for the Three R's: relief, recovery, and reform. In the first 100 days in office, Roosevelt and the infamous Hundred Days Congress pushed legislation through at a swift rate in an effort to stop the bleeding the Crash had caused.

  2. Incognito? - Eli Cohen

    He was born in a Arab country he had an oriental complexion and was willing to jump into the heat of the action when necessary. What was there to lose! The Mossad asked Eli if he wanted to accept the job, he declined.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work