• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How effective was Mussolini's Foreign Policy from 1922- 1945.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How effective was Mussolini's Foreign Policy from 1922- 1945 Benito Mussolini, the proud Fascist dictator, came to power in 1922. His initial aim was to increase the prestige of Italy showing him to be a great statesman and liberal leader. With visions of recreating the Roman Empire (familiar to Caesar) and looking after Italian interests, a dynamic foreign policy was devised to help Mussolini attain his aspiration. The effects of the Foreign policy prove to have some disparity, with which Mussolini's plans of operation are questioned. Mussolini knew that the confidence in Italy had been crushed by the small territorial gains following the tragic event of WW1 and the humiliation by the Powers at the Paris peace conference. Mussolini wanted more economic prosperity for his Italian people and further admiration for himself. His popularity was a key issue, as it would help gain the loyalty of his people and confidence of his allies. However with this as his main objective, the status of his Foreign Policy was in jeopardy. ...read more.

Middle

Mussolini's plan succeeded, adding to his reputation as a good political leader. In 1935 Hitler was condemned for his actions in trying to take Austria, but due to Mussolini's scepticism, nothing concrete came from this. The most distinguished occasion for Mussolini's "Roman Empire" was the invasion of Ethiopia in October 1935. Mussolini wholly believed only one war could make Italy the greatest military nation that he demanded. This was a crucial point for Mussolini as hostility from the League of Nations was inevitable, as he became more acquainted with Hitler. Hitler was impressed with Italy's power and aggression. In May 1936, Mussolini claimed his Empire and had succeeded in Ethiopia. At this time Mussolini's Foreign policy (on some level) was successful "Ethiopia is Italian". 1936 was an important time for Mussolini's alliance with Hitler, as the Spanish Civil War commenced. Europe could see that the two men were gaining friendship, as they helped each other with military arms. However, Mussolini's over ambition for more power and more prestige caused him to loose sight of his attainable aspirations. ...read more.

Conclusion

Following many downfalls for the Italian army in 1943 the King was able to arrest Mussolini and take away his command. Mussolini's involvement of taking Foreign Policy into War showed his weakness and overrule by Hitler. His relationship with Hitler proved to be costly, as he did not have much choice about Foreign Policy, loosing his popularity that was of utmost importance to him. Mussolini had to rely on Germany for protection, thus got dragged into conflicts that Hitler sought after. The Italian military was of inadequate condition, due to the economic suffering from defeats. Mussolini's Foreign Policy has proved that his initial ambition to be popular failed, mainly due to the Pact of Steel. Mussolini did not foresee his downfall with his over ambitious aims in War. Mussolini disregarded the Italian people, as his ambitions surpassed his own capabilities; always wanting more power. He was later branded as a tyrant, with the vicious actions of Hitler that he naively stood by. Italy gradually became more dilapidated and the dreams of a great empire were lost. Mussolini failed his personal aims and ambition for his country, leaving his Foreign Policy to be disgraced. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Assess the success of Bismarck's foreign policy with reference to: a) Keeping France isolated ...

    An outbreak of conflict threatened to overthrow everything that Bismarck had been working for, for the last five or so years. A series of revolts in the Balkans against the Turkish rule of the Ottoman Empire nearly resulted in the end of the Dreikaiserbund.

  2. Benito Mussolini.

    the war in 1940, as he was convinced Hitler would win and feared Italy could be the next country to be invaded by Hitler otherwise. This again shows indecision and changing of viewpoints in order to have and maintain power.

  1. To What Extent Did Mussolini Achieve his Foreign Policy Aims of making Italy "Great ...

    In the 1920's this policy didn't work. Germany was completely crushed by the First World War and Britain and France totally dominated foreign affairs. Therefore, there were no two clear power blocks for Mussolini to play off against each other.

  2. Mussolini(TM)s rise to power up to 1922 owes more to the failures of others ...

    the fascists, for example Marshall Diaz is reported to have told him "the army will do its duty; however it would be well not to put it to the test"11 The King also feared that his cousin, The Duke of Aosta who was near the Fascist headquarters in Perugia may have been after the crown.

  1. 'PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS OUTWEIGHED IDEOLOGY IN FOREIGN POLICY' IN RELATION TO GERMANY IN THE YEARS ...

    Anschluss was strategically and economically important. It provided raw materials, minerals and more power. Rome-Berlin axis in 1936 didn't help Austria's situation as Austria could no longer rely n Italy's support. Neville Chamberlain was committed to a policy of appeasement and wouldn't intervene. Once again, non-intervention paved the way for Hitler's foreign policy aims.

  2. How successful was Mussolini's foreign policy between 1922 and 1939?

    In 1924, an agreement was made between Mussolini and Yugoslavia over the port of Fiume, stating that is should go to Italy. As a result a diplomatic relationship was formed between the Yugoslavian government and the Italian fascist state, despite the fact that Mussolini was extremely anti-communist.

  1. To what extent did Mussolini make Italy 'great, respected and feared'?

    The European powers, led by Britain and backed by her Mediterranean fleet, requested that Italy withdraw. The Duce had little choice but to agree, and even though he received 50million lire compensation he never received an apology from Greece. Although he had lost a useful strategic base on the Mediterranean he had undercut the League and saved some face.

  2. How successful was Mussolini in improving the Prestige of Italy in the years 1922 ...

    true to say that Mussolini did manage to portray Italy as an important European power in the 1920?s through his actions in the 1930?s he managed to undermine these achievements, particularly in regard to foreign policy. These failures in the 1930?s resulted in subsequent censure from the wider international community.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work