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How effectively did Mussolini establish his dictatorship from 1918 - 1922?

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Introduction

´╗┐How effectively did Mussolini establish his dictatorship from 1922 to 1928? (24) By 1928 Mussolini?s fledgling government had become a dictatorship. The period from 1922 represent consolidation of power for Mussolini, but the extent to which Mussolini?s establishment of the extent to which Mussolini?s establishment of the dictatorship is certainly debatable. This essay will address how Mussolini effectively created his dictatorship and ways in which it cost him. Mussolini?s control of the PNF or the Fascist party was effective, this was because he ?converted? the Squadristas in to a National Militia; meaning they would receive wages. This meant they would stay loyal to Mussolini because the soldiers knew they were benefitting themselves as well as Mussolini in his mission to create the dictatorship. ...read more.

Middle

Propaganda usage by Mussolini was effective because he would impose himself on the life of ordinary Italians. This meant that he would become a well-known face and most pictures showed him to be talented, such as playing the violin and so people would think that he was the superhero of Italy and support him. However, it can be argued that the use of propaganda also known as the Cult of Personality was ineffective in South Italy and some areas of the North, this was because many people were illiterate and unable to interpret the propaganda and therefore it was rendered useless. Mussolini?s prevention of opposition uprising was effective in the establishment of the dictatorship because parties were banned in December 1925 meaning that if an action performed by Mussolini was out of other partys? favours then they would have no real ground to stand up against the Fascists. ...read more.

Conclusion

Mussolini and the Church had not yet come to a mutual agreement even by 1928. This hindered the creation of a dictatorship because the church had a large influence on a large percentage of Italian people and so if they disagreed with Mussolini?s ideals they could easily rival him and overwhelm him with support. They were a large party before Mussolini?s rise to power as well which shows they can easily gather up support. However, agreements were made in 1929 which gave Mussolini the support of the church and now had no real opposition. To conclude, Mussolini?s establishment of the dictatorship was very effective. This was because he successfully removed the threat of any opponents by banning them and coming to terms on certain agreements and he also took control over most of the Italian citizens, including the military, civil servants and his own party. ...read more.

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