• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far by 1939 had Hitler achieved his Economic Policies?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How far by 1939 had Hitler achieved his Economic Policies? Upon Hitler's rise to power, Germany was in a pitiful state, he established that in order to achieve his ideological aims a revival of the German economy was needed. In order to fulfil this he had 3 main aims. The first was to reduce unemployment and create a general better atmosphere in the German economy. The second was to create a defence economy (Wehrwirtschaft) and thirdly to achieve self reliance, which was termed autarky. However each of these policies had varied success by 1939 The first and primary aim which would in turn stimulate the others into becoming a reality was that of recovery of the Germany economy. By 1939 Hitler had successfully significantly reduced unemployment from 6 million unemployed in 1933 to 0.2 million unemployed by 1939. This occurred due to many reasons. Public Works Schemes which were introduced in 1932, which meant the building of many Autobahns and homes. Tax concessions and grants were also provided, which stimulated demand to further strengthen the German economy. ...read more.

Middle

Overall the policy of recovery of the German economy was fairly successful and unemployment was reduced in the millions, via the creation of many work schemes under Schacht, however the balance of trade problems which were not completely sorted out by 1939, led to Germany being too reliant on foreign countries for their own economic improvement. The second economic aim of the Nazis was to create a Defence economy. This policy was not completely successful either due to the fact that it always contradicted with the policy of autarky. This aim meant that Germany had to rearm in order to prepare for the war that Hitler envisaged for 1940. This fell under the Four Year plan which was headed by Goering in 1936. Germany had started to re arm slowly in 1933. This meant that few raw materials could be exported as they were being used in rearmament. However Germany was importing more than she was exporting which created a trade deficit. Schacht tried to solve this problem in 1934 with the 'New Plan'. This plan had the government control all the exports and imports into Germany. ...read more.

Conclusion

The policy of autarky also contradicted with the creation of a defence economy as Germany had need of more raw materials than she possessed, which would result in looking overseas. Furthermore wished to keep the German public content which required that certain imports were made, also reducing Germany's autarky, and leaving this policy unfulfilled. Overall the Nazi economic policies were a mixture of success and failure and by 1939 the economic policies had not been completely achieved. Hitler placed emphasis on what he believed to be the needs of the nation, as opposed to the needs of the people, as shown by the guns and butter debate. This can be used to argue that Hitler was resolute that Germany had to be strengthened principally in a militarily sense. Moreover rearmament and autarky were always contradictory, as Germany had need of more raw materials than she possessed, which would mean importing from overseas. Thus autarky was never truly achieved even by 1939. However due to the fact that Hitler prioritised towards rearmament which was successful, this inevitably had a knock on effect and led to dramatically increased employment through the RAD and the compulsory military service which reduced unemployment, thus resulting in great success in relation to his first economic policy which was to recover economically. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How successful were Nazi economic policies in the years 1933-45?

    4 star(s)

    demand for raw materials and the high value of the mark made it hard to increase exports. Therefore the extent of which the inflammation fear became a reality is remote, as political and economic policy of strict control over wages and prices made it so.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Was it the policies pursued by Henry VIII that caused "the mid-Tudor crisis"?

    4 star(s)

    and Cranmer, who had a strong influence on the prayer book can also be held accountable. Religious grievances, based on the measures adopted by Somerset, had a large part to play in both Kett's and the Western rebellion in 1549, as these rebellions were both marked by religious conservatism.

  1. How successful were Mussolini's economic policies?

    When the government got involved in Italy's industry, most industry benefited from supportive government policies, and the growth of large firms and cartels continued. Newer industries such as the chemical and synthetic industry, grew particularly well. Government assistance tended to be geared more towards preserving existing structure rather than encouraging efficient reorganisation.

  2. Hitlers Germany

    The Reich Propaganda Office sent out specific directives to lower levels by means of a monthly magazine. These directives specified the themes and slogans to be used at mass rallies and underscored the necessity of adapting subjects to the interests of the local audience.

  1. How far did Colbert achieve his economic objectives?

    Colbert was extremely successful as he aimed to reduce the tax burden on the peasants and to tap into the wealth of the nobles by putting more emphasis on indirect taxes instead of direct taxes, specifically the taille. Historian Peter Campbell5 provides figures which strongly support Colbert's success.

  2. To what extent did Hitlers Policies attract working class support between 1933 and 1939?

    Hitler defied these reports in 1939, arguing, "We have broken down classes"23, but the obvious need to prepare a nation for war implies this goes beyond mere wishful thinking. Although Kershaw argued that such social propaganda, "made little dent in traditional class loyalties"24; the correspondence of Christina Bielenberg who sensed,

  1. How far had Hitler achieved his Third Reich?

    In contrast to the hierarchal supremacy of Aryans, the Untermenschen (inferior races) were to be expelled from the people's community. These included mainly Jews, the physically handicapped and mentally ill, communists and political opponents, resistance groups, gypsies, homosexuals, criminals, and more.

  2. To what extent do you consider that Hitler and the Nazis had achieved their ...

    Nazi's, suggesting that they where not truly successful in this area; although they are keeping the youths fit. In 1934 the youth groups where made mandatory, this rose the figures of attendance dramatically and only excluded non Germans - specifically Jews; which made them look like outcasts and enticed youths

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work