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How far by 1939 had Hitler achieved his Economic Policies?

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How far by 1939 had Hitler achieved his Economic Policies? Upon Hitler's rise to power, Germany was in a pitiful state, he established that in order to achieve his ideological aims a revival of the German economy was needed. In order to fulfil this he had 3 main aims. The first was to reduce unemployment and create a general better atmosphere in the German economy. The second was to create a defence economy (Wehrwirtschaft) and thirdly to achieve self reliance, which was termed autarky. However each of these policies had varied success by 1939 The first and primary aim which would in turn stimulate the others into becoming a reality was that of recovery of the Germany economy. By 1939 Hitler had successfully significantly reduced unemployment from 6 million unemployed in 1933 to 0.2 million unemployed by 1939. This occurred due to many reasons. Public Works Schemes which were introduced in 1932, which meant the building of many Autobahns and homes. Tax concessions and grants were also provided, which stimulated demand to further strengthen the German economy. ...read more.


Overall the policy of recovery of the German economy was fairly successful and unemployment was reduced in the millions, via the creation of many work schemes under Schacht, however the balance of trade problems which were not completely sorted out by 1939, led to Germany being too reliant on foreign countries for their own economic improvement. The second economic aim of the Nazis was to create a Defence economy. This policy was not completely successful either due to the fact that it always contradicted with the policy of autarky. This aim meant that Germany had to rearm in order to prepare for the war that Hitler envisaged for 1940. This fell under the Four Year plan which was headed by Goering in 1936. Germany had started to re arm slowly in 1933. This meant that few raw materials could be exported as they were being used in rearmament. However Germany was importing more than she was exporting which created a trade deficit. Schacht tried to solve this problem in 1934 with the 'New Plan'. This plan had the government control all the exports and imports into Germany. ...read more.


The policy of autarky also contradicted with the creation of a defence economy as Germany had need of more raw materials than she possessed, which would result in looking overseas. Furthermore wished to keep the German public content which required that certain imports were made, also reducing Germany's autarky, and leaving this policy unfulfilled. Overall the Nazi economic policies were a mixture of success and failure and by 1939 the economic policies had not been completely achieved. Hitler placed emphasis on what he believed to be the needs of the nation, as opposed to the needs of the people, as shown by the guns and butter debate. This can be used to argue that Hitler was resolute that Germany had to be strengthened principally in a militarily sense. Moreover rearmament and autarky were always contradictory, as Germany had need of more raw materials than she possessed, which would mean importing from overseas. Thus autarky was never truly achieved even by 1939. However due to the fact that Hitler prioritised towards rearmament which was successful, this inevitably had a knock on effect and led to dramatically increased employment through the RAD and the compulsory military service which reduced unemployment, thus resulting in great success in relation to his first economic policy which was to recover economically. ...read more.

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