• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far did Stalin continue Lenin's policies to 1939?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How far did Stalin, to 1939, continue the policies of Lenin? Stalin claimed to be an allegiant follower of Lenin's Marxist legacy. But practically, his heavy revision of Lenin's policies made this claim doubtful. This essay will discuss both sides, on what Stalin had enshrined or extended, and what he had discarded from Lenin's legacy. Politically, the core of Lenin's party ethos, namely Socialism was preserved. Stalin continued to pursue policies aiming at eliminating the bourgeois class, notably the kulaks, and disclosing class gap. Stalin continued to believe in the Leninist doctrine of 'deliberate revolution', that employing the moral authority of one party and military force as means to enhance the establishment of the socialist state. The red army as a counterforce of CHEKA was effectively combated. ...read more.

Middle

Universal suffrage was nonexistent. Though both regimes were authoritarian, the liberal and humanist element in Lenin's vision was discarded. Difference in the economic policies was even more pronounced. The new economic policies were promptly abolished after Stalin took power. Ruthless purges of the kulaks ensured the purity of economic communism. The orientation of policy making was altered, from Lenin's aim of restoring economic stability to Stalin's aim to make agriculture conform to the political structure regardless of the inefficiency of the collectivization movement. More stringent regiment was imposed on urban workers, and real wages and life standard both diminished. State capitalism was inherited, but freedom of enterprise was thoroughly prohibited. Development in infrastructure and heavy industry was vigorously propelled in the two five-year plans, and constituted much more importance in the nation's economic goal. ...read more.

Conclusion

This skepticism, which was proved to be correct, went beyond Lenin's scope. Stalin's proclamation as the heir of Lenin was no more than propaganda used to legitimize his position at the beginning of his reign. In fact, Stalin's policies were all made from a realpolitician's perspective that was completely contrary to Lenin's. He employed Socialist ideology as an instrument to implement his unchallengeable rule instead of an ideal to strive for. The na�vet� and incompleteness of Lenin's theory also left room for his revision and rewriting of history. Stalin continued only the part of Lenin's policies that were not incompatible with his own ambition, and only highlighted this point to offer a justification for his own policies. His allegiance lied ultimately to himself. Stalin was not, at any point, a true successor of Lenin. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. The causes of the show trials and purges of the 1930’s

    Brezezinski creates the idea in his readers mind that the purges ordered by Stalin were justified. Many other historians, including Adam Ulam, considered the purges to be "more of a pogrom than a purge,"25 and Hutton described Stalin's actions as, "devilish bloodshed."26 These 'Party purges' involved expelling hostile members from

  2. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    The Left had been defeated. Kamenev and Zinoviev and Trotsky were expelled from the Party. The defeat of the Right * Stalin had appeared to take the side of the Right in the struggle with the Left, but this was a tactical manoeuvre and did not necessarily reflect his ideological position.

  1. How far were the policies of Chamberlain in facing the challenges from Nazi Germany ...

    Many historians argue that the year that was gained helped Britain build up her army. Chamberlain himself said that he would not contemplate such a guarantee 'unless we had reasonable prospect of being able to beat her [Germany] to her knees in a reasonable time, and of that I see no sign.'

  2. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    for crimes against the Party and as many as 680 thousand were executed.[58] Among many of these arrests, arose confessions from the accused, which are widely believed to be false, with the accused being bribed with prison sentences instead of execution if they confessed to the crimes which they were

  1. The people(TM)s community(TM). How far did Nazi policies between 1933 and 1939 go ...

    the civil service and if the women was in a marriage that wasn't producing children divorce was made a lot easier. The Nazis also decided that all single or married women up to 35 must have at least 4 children.

  2. Links between the two regimes of Lenin and Stalin.

    Many agree that there indeed occurred a 'great change' when Stalin initiated his economic reforms based on the policy of collectivisation the effectively abolishing private property, concentrating the remaining peasantry into 'collective' farms and rapidly industrialising, through the introduction of the 'Five Year Plans'.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work