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How far did the Liberals create a welfare state?

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How far did the Liberals create a welfare state? The term ?welfare state? is renowned for the government looking after people throughout their lives, ?from cradle to the grave?. The government had to ensure that they received benefit payments or other arrangements to help the poor service from unemployment, large families, sickness or old age. Another important essential aspect was the basic services for people?s ?physical efficiency?, which included housing and health care. The Conservatives introduced the 1905 Unemployed Workmen Act. The Act used money from the rates for public work schemes but the action was optional and was left up to local authorities. The Conservatives set up the Royal Commission to investigate the Poor Law System. The majority of the commission craved more action by the local council committees and charities but however, the Liberal government were in power introducing its own reforms. The reforms of the early 19th century depended upon various reasons. At the time, there was increased knowledge of poverty. Booth and Rowntree were both campaigning for more government action with new thinking of unemployment being important. Consequently there seem to have been some changes in attitudes towards poverty and Rowntree complied evidence that the ?labouring class received upon the average of 25 percent less food than has been proved the necessary for the maintenance of physical efficiency?. ...read more.


The reforms which were introduced showed New Liberalism as the role of the government helped people supporting positive freedom. OLD AGE PENSIONS RELATE TO NEW LIVERALISM ? NEEDED A MINIMUM OF LIVING AND THE STATE MUST PROVIDE THIS. SCHOOL MEANS THE STATE MUST HELP PEOPLE WHO DID NOT HAVE ADEQUATE OPPORTUNITIES Reason 4 Reason 5 HOW EFFECTIVE WERE THE LIBERAL REFORMS IN 1906-14??????????????????? The first significant measure helped child welfare. This was because children?s health and well-being were vital to national efficiency. The 1906 Introduction of School Meals came from a Labour MP who proposed this reform to become a compulsory provision. This permissive step would offer free school meals to children belonging to poor parents. For the first time, their parents could receive benefits without being labelled as paupers and losing their right to vote. The introduction of this reform was effective as by 1913, 40 percent of the councils running schools provided meals and 310, 000 children received them free. In 1914, the reform was made compulsory. Robert Morrant, the Permanent Secretary at the Board of Education who was passionate about national efficiency, proposed the 1907 Medical Inspections for Children. Local council had to make the inspections, however did not have to do anything about what they discovered. Not all councils acted upon the problem they discovered, but many did. ...read more.


Only 45 percent of those over 70 received the pensions which was a similar proportion to those claiming poor relief before the Act. Old people received their pensions as a right providing them independence and the 1908 Old Age Pensions Act did improve old people?s lifestyle, being a popular introduction by the government. However, pensions were expensive and led to the tax increase 1909 budget. There were many arguments about the Old Age Pensions. Flora Thompson recorded the effect they had on pensioners and expressed how they were ?relieved of anxiety? becoming ?suddenly rich?. This shows how the pensions suddenly removed the dominant fear in which elders faced and how they instantly felt rich, gaining personal independence. George Cadbury, who campaigned for pensions argued in favour in 1899 expressing how pensions would ?promote thrift?. This allows elders to manage their own personal money carefully, avoiding wasting the funds on unimportant items. However, others felt elders would experience danger and degrading possibilities of the pensions scheme. This implies how opinions varied some expressing workers should have been payed higher wages so workers could have saved for their pensions to enjoy in the future. Thousands of people depended upon the government for various different provisions in changing their lives. Many people became strong supporters of those whom obtained their privileges. This shows how thousands were referred to as ?puppets?, as the government were in full control of acts that could affect their lifestyles. ...read more.

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