• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far did the methods used by the civil rights campaigners change in the period 1954- 1964?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How far did the methods used by the civil rights campaigners change in the period 1954- 1964? The methods used by the civil rights campaigners change radically in the period 1954-1964 this is because of many key issues addressed by the civil rights campaigners it was not because of any single factor. These subjects consist of the contribution of individuals such as Martin Luther King, Earl Warren, and the Presidents as well as others noteworthy individuals. Also these subjects include Transport which will be composed of Montgomery bus boycott, Freedom Rides together with others. This essay would furthermore involve the problems with education, public facilities, and the methods the civil rights campaigners used to get a change in racist whites in America state of mind. ...read more.

Middle

The Brown case signalled the end of "de jure" segregation in the United States, that is, segregation of public places that is mandated by law. However the brown case was not "de facto" for example by 1957 only 750 of 6,300 southern schools districts had desegregated, consequently, only 3% of black students in the south were educated in mixed schools. Because of the little de jure change resulted in the Brown II (1955) this time NAACP asked the Supreme Court to establish a timetable for the desegregation of the southern schools. Transport had the most dramatic change because the transport protest method were mainly success therefore each transport aim changed they had to change their tactics due to the change in objective. ...read more.

Conclusion

Methods used to change some laws in public facilities were mainly different the sit-ins of 1960 in Greensboro for example was very unique at its time as it was not set up by any civil rights group it was just a couple of student being rebellious by sit-in in a Woolworth. However 1 year after the Greensboro sit-ins 810 towns had desegregated and many black students did the same thing as they were influence by the Greensboro sit-ins. 'Bull' Connor changed his tactics in the Birmingham campaign for example he used legal methods, such as obtaining a court injunction against demonstrations in certain precincts, in order to weaken the protests. The presidents got involved in civil right more as time went on In conclusion in some cases methods of protest did change for example transport however some methods did not change as much for example methods used for public facilities. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Assess the view that the Supreme Court was the most important branch of federal ...

    4 star(s)

    meant that the Supreme Court was held back in the judgements it could make. Under Reagan, however, Congress remained liberal, and was able to push him to accept strengthening of acts such as the Voting Rights Act when renewing them, a move that shows the importance of Congress not only

  2. The question that will be investigated is, to what extent was the case of ...

    Reviewed studies that revealed black girls grew up in schools with low racial self-esteem. 3 Although the Court was unanimous in claiming that Congress did not mean for integration, but did not prohibit it, this led to future conflict between integrationists and separatists.4 Effects: Brown v Board of Education drastically affect society, though not as much as was expected.

  1. How significant was the contribution of Robert J. Oppenheimer to the Manhattan Project?

    Victor Weisskopf says that "He did not direct from the head office. He was intellectually and even physically present at each decisive step. He was present in the laboratory or in the seminar rooms, when a new effect was measured, when a new idea was conceived.

  2. What was the short term impact of the Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955-1957?

    be argued that this event was the turning point in the Civil Rights Movement. The Freedom Rides were initiated by the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), which sent a group of interracial students to travel through the Southern cities in protest to segregation on interstate buses, they had also planned

  1. Civil Rights Revision Cards 1945-68

    However, 1. Desegregation remained ? city closed the parks, sold swimming pool & refused to desegregate the schools. 2. Some black violence achieved bad publicity (whilst local police chief carefully avoided violence ? thus stopping need for federal intervention) James Meredith & the University of Mississippi (1962: Meredith & President Kennedy)

  2. How far was peaceful protest responsible for the successes of the civil rights movement ...

    Indeed the Brown case stirred up opposition on a congressional level, as a Southern democrat drew up the ?Southern Manifesto?, which encouraged people to be actively anti-desegregation, as well as an increase in KKK violence.

  1. Research on the major Civil rights events between 1963 to 1968

    He was kept in solitary confinement and was refused the right to see his lawyer. Only the intervention of J F Kennedy got his release. 1. To continue the campaign in Birmingham, King used children. Many adults still remained distanced from the protest.

  2. How far was peaceful protest responsible for the success of the civil rights movement ...

    Secondly, the black people of Montgomery began a campaign of direct action targeting local bus companies. As a result of this, the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) was established under the leadership of Martin Luther King in order to co-ordinate a boycott of the local buses until segregation was abolished.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work