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How far do you agree that England was the 'land of promise' in 1603?

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How far do you agree that England was the 'land of promise' in 1603? In 1603 James made the statement 'Like a poor man wandering about 40 years in a wilderness and barren soil, and now arrived at the land of promise?' describing that in coming to England he has entered the land of promise. This declaration was somewhat exaggerated, thinking that England is the land of promise and wealth and was merely a comparison to Scotland. James I had more control during his reign in England than when he was in Scotland. In 1603 he had almost complete control, with a parliament in place and he was a firm believer in the divine rights of the King. This meant that he believed he was chosen to be king by God, and with this came more power as no-body would question God's decision as to who should rule. This was also good in his thinking about whether England was a better country than Scotland. Because he had more power and because the size of England is much greater than that of Scotland, James was led to believe that England is better and so, in effect, led to believe that he is entering the 'land of promise'. ...read more.


The Gentlemen were the only people who had the right to vote. The Yeomen, beneath the Gentlemen did not have the right to vote. This is because, generally, they weren't as respected as the Gentlemen. Yeomen were wealthy working farmers who owned great amounts of land. Husbandmen were beneath the Yeomen. These people were also, like the Yeomen farmers. However they didn't own as much land and were nowhere near as wealthy as them. Husbandmen became prone to agricultural and economic problems such as the price revolution where prices slowly rose to an unaffordable price, and many would lose their business because of it. Cottagers, Labourers and Servants were next down on the hierarchy. These people usually owned no land at all and were dependent on other peoples' wages to live. These people suffered greatly from inflation and were, generally, the most vulnerable. The English society had a great sense of community in the lower classes as families and communities celebrated together and punished troublemakers and law breakers as a commune. There was, however, and unstable part of society during James's reign and this came in the form of Migrants and Vagrants who were the poorest of the people in the social hierarchy. ...read more.


Economically, the country needed drastic improvements, and doing this was the King's responsibility. The chance of the woollen cloth trade falling would have been high and if so, James would have been in control of a country in turmoil. This would result in him having to ask for the parliaments help and with them moderately disliking each other already, this would cause uproar in their relationship. The English society was peaceful. The hierarchy explained to everybody where they stood in society and told them what their responsibilities were. It was religion however which was the countries main problem. James came into power during a period when there were many religions fighting for power. Although, he managed to somewhat balance the pendulum out, it could not have seemed promising at the time he came to the throne. James I saw ruling three kingdoms as having more power. This most probably would have been the case, but there were too many conflicts in the kingdoms that he had to deal with without changing any one kingdom in fear of an uprising. Although at first, James would have seen England as the 'land of promise', he would have soon found out that it has not been. Mike Astley, 12R Page 1 Mike Astley, 12R Page 1 ...read more.

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