• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do you agree that Fascist Italy potentially posed a significant threat to British interests in the 1920s?

Extracts from this document...


How far do you agree that Fascist Italy potentially posed a significant threat to British interests in the 1920s? Plan Intro: * Posed a threat, sometimes indirectly, but also directly. * Areas of interest to be dicussed; o Empire o Defence of Britain o Preserving peace/balance of power Para 1: * Threats to the empire; o No direct threats o traditional areas of Italy; Libya and Albania > surround 'Italian Lake' > Suez Canal > trade /troops/food/ to colonies could be prevented o Didn't accept LOFN peace treaties- colonies given out in TOV o CONCLUDE Para 2: * Defence of Britain o Mains aims o 1) protect trade; indirectly threatened by improve influence o 2)security of GB; peace treaties not permanent, 'chief anti democratic conspirator of Europe', no ally in Italy- Fascist disagreements, Italy attempt autarky o 3) protection of empire; affected by improve influence, o 4) Readiness to defend allies; disagreements over areas within med sea. ...read more.


Another aim of Britain's which may have been indirectly affected by Italy's view to improving its influence was the Defence of Britain. The main aims of Britain's defence policy were to protect trade, ensure the security of Britain, to protect the empire and to be ready to defend its allies. Protecting trade, and protecting the empire, as mentioned above, was indirectly threatened by Italy's desire to improve influence. Mussolini made it clear from the start that any peace treaty made was only viewed as semi-permanent or was entirely ignored. This made Britain vulnerable, as any peace treaty involving Italy could be disregarded by them. As well as disregarding the peace treaties, there were disagreements between Britain, France and Italy as to the influence over the areas around the Mediterranean sea. If Italy had decided to press the issue, they had the ability to trap troops in an area of Britain's empire by blocking the Suez Canal, meaning British forces may be otherwise engaged in trying to access their allies, instead of being able to assist them. ...read more.


Other than sign the Locarno Treaty, Mussolini was very anti peace, and wanted to gain power for Italy. As previously mentioned, Mussolini wanted to increase Italy's influence over areas such as Libya, Albania etc. and this would have upset the balance of power within Europe, as Italy would have ended up controlling more of Europe than perhaps other countries did. Italy also still played the typical role of acting as the 'pivot' of power, as it could ally with either the typically German side, or the typically west side such as England/France. With Italy being Fascist, it was unlikely to ally with England or any other democratic countries, meaning the risk was that countries such as Germany would have the advantage in a war situation. It meant they would also have more power behind them, therefore upsetting the ideal balance of power. Mussolini also declared peace treaties invalid, directly threatening Britain's ideal 10 year rule, and therefore the preservation of peace. Overall it is clear that Italy could have potentially posed a very significant threat to British Interests, due to Mussolini's anti-democratic and anti-peace views. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Weimar Threats

    However, this time it was put down by the police. Furthermore, the KPD organised a "German October" in summer 1923, which saw a wave of strikes and the creation of a SDP-KPD led government. Although, this was short-lived, as in October 1923 it was overthrown by the German army.

  2. How totalitarian was fascist Italy?

    Mussolini sought to increase the population of Italy, and went about this via the "Battle for Births", where he attempted to promote a higher birth rate in order to increase the population greatly within only one generation. He saw a larger population as essential for the totalitarian regime, which he was in the process of creating.

  1. How Serious Was The Threat Posed To Henry VII By Pretenders To The Throne

    Simnel's army mainly Irish troops landed in Lancashire on 5 June 1487 and were joined by some English supporters. They clashed with the King's army on 16 June at the Battle of Stoke Field and were defeated. Simon avoided execution due to his priestly status but was imprisoned for life.

  2. Compare and contrast the situation in Italy 1919-22 with that in Germany 1919-29.

    Yet, the good thing was that like Italy the socialists were not that united and was going by their own schemes and wanted to reign by themselves. The Germans feared a 'red Plague' was about to hit their nation, they knew that a socialist revolution could hit any time however some historians believe otherwise.

  1. Facist Italy by John Whittam - review

    Italy was never socially unified. The rapid industrializing during World War One couldn't be sustained afterwards. Italy notoriously had an unstable government. The North was industrialized and the South was unemployed. Italy was economically, socially, and militaristically weak and divided.

  2. "The Fascist Economy was pure illusion". Discuss

    taking the policies a lot more extreme and interventionist. This was seen to be the case at the same time in Stalin's Russia, where interventionist policies were having a dramatic adverse effect on the country, with the retaliation of the peasants against the system showed that an interventionist policy would

  1. Fascist Italy

    Many people were taken in by this propaganda such as Churchill, who called him "Roman genius in person".4 Mussolini believed that "All the people could be fooled all the time"5 if the propaganda was powerful and persistent enough.

  2. The main attraction was its opposition to Communism. How far do you agree with ...

    The workers and peasants were the ones who had fought in the war and wanted the land and recognition for which they had struggled. The concession to Italy of Dalmatia, Fiume and other territories in Africa and Asia did not materialise because Woodrow Wilson's belief in nations' self-determination superseded it.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work