• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do you agree that Parnell was the most effective leader of Constitutional Nationalism during the period from 1798-1921?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How far do you agree that Parnell was the most effective leader of Constitutional Nationalism during the period from 1798-1921? Parnell was desperate for the Irish Parliamentary Party to become the dominant nationalist organisation in Ireland. He had strong view points and beliefs but was not as short sighted as the Land League, Parnell had a much more diplomatic approach which in turn got him noticed by other political parties. The Tories and the Liberals both tired to form an alliance with the Irish Parliamentary Party. Parnell believed in supporting the Irish tenantry as he realised that with their support he would have created many advantages for himself and his political position. This shows us that Parnell was able to muster and motivate others to support his viewpoints, and also with the Irish vote, this would put more pressure on the British Government. Parnell worked with Gladstone, their work together was most fruitful in the years 1880-82. Parnell was a very tactful leader and managed to secure the introduction of 'the three F's' in a revised Second Land Act, fair rent, free sale and fixity of tenure. When Parnell was arrested for verbally attacking Gladstone, the Kilmainham treaty was brought about which gave advantages to both men. ...read more.

Middle

A General Election was called which resulted in a victory for the liberals but they were dependent upon the support of Redmond and his party. Then came the Parliament Act of 1911 which meant that the Lords could delay the passage of Home Rule but could not veto it. The Third Home Rule Bill was introduced in April 1912 and this was to mark the high point in the political career of Redmond. Home Rule was now only a matter of time. However, Unionists in Ireland mounted strong opposition to the Bill. In September 1912 the Ulster Covenant was signed by 471,414 men and women who pledged to use "all means that may be necessary to defeat the present conspiracy to set up a Home Rule parliament in Ireland". In 1913 the Ulster Volunteer Army was set up to defy the government by force of arms if necessary. In 1914 the UVF successfully brought in a large consignment of guns and ammunition from Germany. 1913 also witnessed the formation of yet another private army in Ireland, namely the Irish Volunteers. They were under the leadership of the Nationalist, Eoin MacNeill and were totally committed to the cause of securing Home Rule for Ireland. ...read more.

Conclusion

to govern Ireland. De Valera was elected president of the Dail. The Irish Republican Army, the armed wing of Sinn Fein, began a guerrilla war against Crown forces. After two years of violence, a truce was agreed and a treaty with the British negotiated by a Sinn Fein deputation, which de Valera chose not to join. Michael Collins, who led the Sinn Fein negotiating party, described the result as 'the freedom to achieve freedom'. But de Valera opposed the agreement, because it involved the partition of Ireland and did not create an independent republic. The treaty was passed by a narrow margin in the Dail and de Valera resigned as president. He led the anti-treaty side in a bitter civil war against the government of the new Free State. Despite killing Collins, the irregulars were defeated. De Valera opposed the treaty that established the Irish Free State, but went on to lead and shape the new state. Looking over each of the Constitutional Nationalist Leaders it is a fair assumption that Parnell was not the most effective leader, yes he set the structure for the Home Rule Bill, which in theory set into motion the work of Redmond and De Valera, however, Redmond was effective in securing British support, whereas De Valera managed to rally the Irish people as well as gaining a treaty from the British, through the use of Collins, which freed Southern Ireland from British rule. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Success of Daniel O'Connell's Catholic Emancipation Campaign

    This raised the issue to a bigger extent where the British could not ignore the question, and finally conceding in 1829. The Catholic Association Long Answer: Formed on the 8th Feb 1823 by D O'Connell, the Catholic Association was set up.

  2. Discuss the view that the Irish gained more from Whig and Liberal Governments than ...

    The Whigs also dealt with religion, there focus was with the Church of Ireland. It was in 1833 that they first tackled this issue. The Church of Ireland was the official church however it was widely unpopular amongst the catholic majority who had to pay tithes to it, so in

  1. How effectively did Irish Catholic and nationalist leaders advance their cause in the years ...

    Sinn Fein was a small militant group that was little know before the First World, but this all changed after the Easter Rebellion. The Catholic population were resentful of the treatment by the British after the Rising considering it was committed by the minority of a minority group.

  2. How Effectively Did Irish Catholic and Nationalist Leaders Advance Their Cause 1801-1921 ?

    the IPP where members had to agree to act with the IPP only, Parnell was also referred to by members as the 'Chief'. His parliamentary tactics, using obstruction, helped focus British politicians on Irish issue and he skilfully exploited the situation in 1886 to get Home Rule on the political agenda.

  1. The Easter Rising of 1916

    control over the military organizations and also because they knew that the Irish Volunteers Chief of Staff (Eoin MacNeill) opposed any military action against the British garrisons. Roger casement went over to Germany to try and find men and arms for the rising.He managed to get the arms but he seemed to get very few men.

  2. HOW DID WORLD WAR ONE CONTRIBUTE TO THE TRANSFORMATION OF IRISH POLITICS 1914-1918?

    The issues of physically supporting the British War offensive caused a split within the Irish Volunteers with criticism directed solely at Redmond. Regarding Redmond and the IPP, Alvin Jackson comments that "Wooden Bridge and the Irish loss at Flanders functioned as a grim mechanism for its own destruction."8 Pauric Travers

  1. British dominance was unrivalled during the period of 1850-1929. How far do you agree ...

    This may not have been due to decline within Britain, but the inclination of power that Germany and the United States were gaining at a rapid pace. In sectors such as motor car production and electrical good production, Britain was limited and began to slowly fall behind these two powerful nations.

  2. 1798 Irish Rebellion notes

    1. The name United Irishmen points to the aspirations of some of its founders, but these were largely to be disappointed, as this organization too was to succumb to sectarian fracturing. 2. While there is no doubt that the Society was inspired by the French Revolution, individual members drew their own lessons from events in France.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work