• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do you agree that Parnell was the most effective leader of Constitutional Nationalism during the period from 1798-1921?

Extracts from this document...


How far do you agree that Parnell was the most effective leader of Constitutional Nationalism during the period from 1798-1921? Parnell was desperate for the Irish Parliamentary Party to become the dominant nationalist organisation in Ireland. He had strong view points and beliefs but was not as short sighted as the Land League, Parnell had a much more diplomatic approach which in turn got him noticed by other political parties. The Tories and the Liberals both tired to form an alliance with the Irish Parliamentary Party. Parnell believed in supporting the Irish tenantry as he realised that with their support he would have created many advantages for himself and his political position. This shows us that Parnell was able to muster and motivate others to support his viewpoints, and also with the Irish vote, this would put more pressure on the British Government. Parnell worked with Gladstone, their work together was most fruitful in the years 1880-82. Parnell was a very tactful leader and managed to secure the introduction of 'the three F's' in a revised Second Land Act, fair rent, free sale and fixity of tenure. When Parnell was arrested for verbally attacking Gladstone, the Kilmainham treaty was brought about which gave advantages to both men. ...read more.


A General Election was called which resulted in a victory for the liberals but they were dependent upon the support of Redmond and his party. Then came the Parliament Act of 1911 which meant that the Lords could delay the passage of Home Rule but could not veto it. The Third Home Rule Bill was introduced in April 1912 and this was to mark the high point in the political career of Redmond. Home Rule was now only a matter of time. However, Unionists in Ireland mounted strong opposition to the Bill. In September 1912 the Ulster Covenant was signed by 471,414 men and women who pledged to use "all means that may be necessary to defeat the present conspiracy to set up a Home Rule parliament in Ireland". In 1913 the Ulster Volunteer Army was set up to defy the government by force of arms if necessary. In 1914 the UVF successfully brought in a large consignment of guns and ammunition from Germany. 1913 also witnessed the formation of yet another private army in Ireland, namely the Irish Volunteers. They were under the leadership of the Nationalist, Eoin MacNeill and were totally committed to the cause of securing Home Rule for Ireland. ...read more.


to govern Ireland. De Valera was elected president of the Dail. The Irish Republican Army, the armed wing of Sinn Fein, began a guerrilla war against Crown forces. After two years of violence, a truce was agreed and a treaty with the British negotiated by a Sinn Fein deputation, which de Valera chose not to join. Michael Collins, who led the Sinn Fein negotiating party, described the result as 'the freedom to achieve freedom'. But de Valera opposed the agreement, because it involved the partition of Ireland and did not create an independent republic. The treaty was passed by a narrow margin in the Dail and de Valera resigned as president. He led the anti-treaty side in a bitter civil war against the government of the new Free State. Despite killing Collins, the irregulars were defeated. De Valera opposed the treaty that established the Irish Free State, but went on to lead and shape the new state. Looking over each of the Constitutional Nationalist Leaders it is a fair assumption that Parnell was not the most effective leader, yes he set the structure for the Home Rule Bill, which in theory set into motion the work of Redmond and De Valera, however, Redmond was effective in securing British support, whereas De Valera managed to rally the Irish people as well as gaining a treaty from the British, through the use of Collins, which freed Southern Ireland from British rule. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Discuss the view that the Irish gained more from Whig and Liberal Governments than ...

    The Whigs also dealt with religion, there focus was with the Church of Ireland. It was in 1833 that they first tackled this issue. The Church of Ireland was the official church however it was widely unpopular amongst the catholic majority who had to pay tithes to it, so in

  2. Who gained the most from the Lichfield House Compact

    A Poor Rate was also to be collected, half to be paid by the landlord and half to be paid by the tenant. Overall O'Connell didn't achieve much out of this act. The one positive example was that it was the first time the government had looked after the poor in Ireland.

  1. Success of Daniel O'Connell's Catholic Emancipation Campaign

    He made the Catholic Association a major success, while introducing the Catholic Rent where members would pay 1d. a month. This made people feel they were connected and in the heart of it all, where it then continued to grow from strength to strength!

  2. How effectively did Irish Catholic and nationalist leaders advance their cause in the years ...

    Sinn Fein was a small militant group that was little know before the First World, but this all changed after the Easter Rebellion. The Catholic population were resentful of the treatment by the British after the Rising considering it was committed by the minority of a minority group.


    Infiltration of the Gaelic League by the IRB along with the influences of Patrick Pearse and Socialist James Connolly played a major role in what became the Easter Rising. The involvement of Roger Casement and Clan na Gael in America with Count Bernstorff saw a promise of German recognition of Ireland as a Republic.

  2. How Effectively Did Irish Catholic and Nationalist Leaders Advance Their Cause 1801-1921 ?

    This was popular with tenant farmers and so gained their support, giving him success in the April 1880 and 1885 general elections helped by the National League which, like O'Connell's Catholic Association mobilised electoral support in Ireland. Parnell made the IPP an effective pressure group by introducing 'The Pledge' to

  1. How effectively did Irish Catholic and Nationalist leaders advance their cause in the years ...

    In 1840 O'Connell began his battle to achieve a repeal of the Act of Union; however, he lacked the support of the Whigs. Nonetheless, O'Connell was once again able to harness the power of the Catholic Church, who provided the backing needed.

  2. 1798 Irish Rebellion notes

    Elements contained within it included libertarianism, republicanism, dissenting traditions, Catholic emancipationism, patriotism, and Whig doctrine. 5. But beyond this - and even these aims assumed varied complexions in different branches of the Society - what bound this organization? 1.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work