• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do you agree that support for the League of Nations was the main reason why Britain made so few commitments to maintain the peace of Europe in 1920's?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Lucy Davey How far do you agree that support for the League of Nations was the main reason why Britain made so few commitments to maintain the peace of Europe in 1920's? To a certain extent Britain made so few commitments to maintaining the peace because of the League of Nations but however there were other factors which influenced Britain's decision to stay out of European affairs. A Continental commitment was a binding military alliance with an ally, in Britain's case France, which would have tied down British forces in the event of a war. The avoidance of such an agreement in the post WW1 years was a staple of Britain's defence policy. One reason for Britain's few commitments to maintaining the peace was that of being overstretched by her Empire. Britain was trying to police too vast an area with highly limited resources. There were many uprisings taking place in different parts of the Empire. For example in India, the British passed the Rowlatt Acts to try to control protests. ...read more.

Middle

A peaceful Europe which Britain had few commitments to contributed towards the ability to fund the navy. A brief reason for Britain's lack of commitments was also the fact that America was the up and coming power in the world and that relations between Britain and America were going to be increasingly important, thus Europe was less important. However in the 1920's America was isolationist and it was not clear how America was going to come on the world stage. Public opinion was a factor for Britain making so few commitments to Europe. WW1 had seen over 750,000 British soldiers die, and most families had lost a loved one. Many in the public felt that the government should strive to avoid a similar catastrophe. The 1920's saw a mass amount of anti-war literature such as "The Death Bed." Running through the literature is outrage at the fa´┐Żade of war being chivalrous or heroic; this illusion had been shattered after the mechanised nature of war on the Western Front. ...read more.

Conclusion

Britain was able to take a minor role in European commitments without being too involved. The Kellogg Briand Pact of 1928 said that war should be outlawed as a way of settling international disputes so force appeared to be prohibited as a way of settling international disputes. It represented a multilateral renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy. The League was committed to avoiding balance of powers politics and rival alliance systems which were believed to make war more likely. It is easy to see how governments were encouraged to avoid war by the influence of public opinion. However it is also easy to see there is a link between British foreign policy and the mood for multilateral settlements. Britain refused to make a military alliance with France but did make a limited guarantee of security through Locarno, thus showing they did use the League as a means of avoiding commitments. To conclude, Britain I believe mainly focused on other aspects rather than the League for her reasons of not making too many commitments in Europe during the 1920's. Although the League is one of the reasons partly I do not believe it is the main reason. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    He also wanted to occupy other parts of Germany and, of course, Alsace-Lorraine also had to be returned to France. * One and a half million French soldiers had been killed during the war, many of them in appalling circumstances.

  2. How Strong was Opposition to Continental Commitments in the 1920's

    The empire, by the late 1920's received two-thirds of overseas British investments and fifty percent of trade. British interests were truly global, and meant that the empire was almost impossible to adequately defend without sufficient military or economic strength. The simple fact alone of Britain's utter incapacity to guard its

  1. How Successful Was the League in The 1920's and 1930's? The League of ...

    Britain did not want to keep fighting off multiple countries at a time merely because they were closest. No, they believed in looking after their Empire. France however, disagreed. They wanted a more formal military alliance and wanted to be looked after by Britain's strong forces.

  2. Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a ...

    woman," as she became known); of new sexual practices and attitudes and new styles of living. The sense of community faded. Romanticism shaped the new mood, with its emphasis on instinct and impulse rather than reason, ecstatic release rather than restraint, individualism and self-gratification rather than group discipline.

  1. Account for the making of the multi-ethnic American city from the 1880s to ...

    In few periods of American history were these prejudices as evident as in the late nineteenth century. One way in which these prejudices found expression was the belief that the "new immigrants," coming as they did from despotic monarchies, were incapable of understanding democracy, living by it, or taking part in it.

  2. United Nations: The Wounded Dove

    Even today some people still find the UN's a worthy organization. One of the first successes came in Mozambique. Under UN's monitoring the thirty year civil war had changed from skirmishes on battle fields to legislature. The UN helped initiate a cease fire between Fremlimo, ruling party and Renamo a rebel movement.

  1. Why didn't Britain make a continental commitment between the wars? Explain

    the money to go to another war or commit one hundred per cent to the League of Nations, and what money it did have was being spent on many things such as the empire, trying to attract the votes of women and on war pensions.

  2. How far did America achieveprosperity in the 1920s?

    Such an example shows hoe America was developing well as an industrial nation, and reveals how the people of the country were now able to buy consumer goods, which before were they were unable to afford. Within this same period, big industries were developing advertising and marketing techniques.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work