• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do you agree that the development of the Cold War between 1945 and 1953 was primarily due to ideological divisions? Explain your answer, using the evidence of Source 1, 2 and 3 and your own knowledge of the issues related to this controversy. (40 marks)

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Chloe Sheen 13A How far do you agree that the development of the Cold War between 1945 and 1953 was primarily due to ideological divisions? Explain your answer, using the evidence of Source 1, 2 and 3 and your own knowledge of the issues related to this controversy. (40 marks) Many believe that ideological differences was the main contributor to the rising tensions between the Great Powers, thus causing the Cold War, however others think others factors were more important or that it was a mixture of them all. Source 1 and 3 both support the view that ideological divisions caused the Cold War, source 3, more so, saying that each country was too confident. Source 1 supports it a little bit, saying that in order to fully delve into what caused the development, ideological divisions is one of the major factors that cannot be left out but also mentions Stalin?s personality. Meanwhile, source 2 focuses more on mistakes Stalin made. Source 3 implies that it was Stalin?s fault that the Cold War developed in this period because he had the chance to build a relationship up with the United States but his believes against capitalism stopped this from happening. ...read more.

Middle

Source 2 also talks about Stalin?s personality. It holds the view that Stalin?s mistakes and his tendency to think irrationally and make things worse by piling them up caused more tensions and thus the Cold War developed. It states that Stalin acted without thinking and ?had he been the head of a responsible government? he would have been sacked. However, because he wasn?t he merely ?cut his losses and proceed[ed] with more blunders?. It uses examples such as the Berlin Airlift and the Korean War. It is known that Stalin had an impulsive personality and the examples in source 2 highlight this. The Berlin Airlift didn?t give Stalin an advantage in the slightest but merely raised tensions and gained more support for the Allied countries and America as they managed to sort the ?mess? out. Instead of spreading his influence and communism he?d hoped to do by forcing the Allies and America out of the rest of Berlin and Germany, Stalin only managed to anger people and create more of a need to do something as he also highlighted the fact that he was willing to let innocent people suffer if it meant he might have a chance to fulfil his aims. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is seen in the Long Telegram where misunderstandings of Stalin?s motives and actions led to America preparing for battle and Stalin becoming increasingly suspicious. All this suspicion would have lead to growing worries about war and was an on-going cycle. In conclusion, ideological divisions was definitely the driving force behind the development of the Cold War because had this issue not been present, then collaboration between the leaders would have been reached easier and compromises and agreements would have been made, leading to less tensions and everyone knowing what was happening. However other factors were also important because not every clash between America and Russia was down to ideological differences, some were purely, it seemed provocation etc, for example the Berlin Blockade didn?t directly involve different ideologies but rather Stalin?s want to earn land and also policies that caused tensions such as Marshall Aid, that was only put in place to help countries that needed it but was viewed differently by Stalin. Although these other factors do play a part, I do agree that the development of the Cold War between 1945 and 1953 was primarily due to ideological divisions. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Who was responsible for the start of the Cold war?

    Ultimately its impact upon the West was to help strengthen support for the 'Truman doctrine' and in many ways it bought about the end to 'Salami tactics' as the world was now awakened to the gradual imposition of Communist regimes upon Eastern Europe.

  2. The most important cause of the Cold War was the suspicion and rivalry between ...

    Also Stalin was believed to be another dictator like Hitler, and the 1930s had shown that appeasement did not work. This distrust was the basis of America/USSR rivalry and lead to other differences and disagreements before the Cold War. One of the main areas of disagreement between America (and her allies)

  1. How far was Truman personally responsible for the development of the Cold War?

    Under the Truman Doctrine, the US was prepared to assist any country that was, in the American view, threatened by a communist take-over. To actually put the Truman Doctrine into play, the Marshall Plan had to be introduced. This was money that was available to all European countries willing to participate, but with strings attached.

  2. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    With a new president in office Cold War policy was officialy began. Furthermore, from that point on the policy of the United States delcared itself as anti-Communist from that point on. Thus, to get the American public to side with the government on the issue of communism, America turned to the use of propaganda.

  1. The Cold War was caused by a clash between two irreconcilable ideologies. How far ...

    became public information because he was said to have given away Eastern Europe through blind trust in Stalin. After 1948 the Red Army had complete control of Eastern Europe, apart from Greece, Yugoslavia and Albania, but the two latter were in the hands of communist partisans.

  2. How far do you agree with the view that the origins of the Cold ...

    Following his death in April 1945 he was succeeded by Truman, who had little experience of foreign affairs and was unaware of certain issues such as the atomic bomb project until after several weeks of office. This is clear evidence to demonstrate the impact of personalities, as Truman had been

  1. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    Roosevelt had read the Soviet attitude correctly. In 1942, Soviet foreign minister Molotov readily agreed to withdraw his territorial demands in deference to U.S. concerns because the second front was so much more decisive an issue. When Molotov asked whether the Allies could undertake a second front operation that would

  2. How far do you agree with the view that the origins of the Cold ...

    As these figures were powerful, they had the potential to influence major decisions within the US government, so it can be said that the origins of the Cold War owed much to economic ideological differences. As well as this, political ideological disparities had a great amount of potential to increase

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work